The Nineteenth Amendment grants women the right to vote. The Twenty-Third Amendment gives the citizens of the District of Columbia the right to vote for president and vice president. The Twenty-Fourth Amendment bans the use of poll tax for National elections. The Supreme court later ruled that poll tax was unjust for state elections as well. The Twenty-Sixth Amendment lowered the voting age to 18 in all
The Fourteenth Amendment has 4 sections that have been in use since the Civil War. The first section is the most important and most discussed. It guarantees citizenship to any and all persons born or naturalized in the United States. It ensures any person 's “life, liberty, or property” will not be denied without due process.” This section defines citizenship, who can become a citizen of the United States and how. This includes slaves, which is why it was so important in 1868 after the Civil War.
In 1787 the United States’ constitution was written, two years later the Bill of Rights was added. The Bill of Rights consists of ten amendments which were designed based on the American ideals to ensure that the federal government is not too powerful, and that it would protect the rights of the people or of the state. One of the most important amendments in the Bill of Rights is the sixth amendment which gives the people the right to enjoy a speedy trial when accused, and it allows the accused person to know the cause of accusation and who his accuser is. It clearly represents some of the American ideals such as: democracy, equality, and opportunity. The sixth amendment provides more requirements for a fair trial in criminal cases.
The Fifth is for The people In America it is understood that everyone has certain rights at birth that are God given and cannot be taken away by man. The first ten amendments to the constitution, the bill of rights, is a list of these rights. The fifth amendment of the Constitution in the bill of rights states “No person shall be held to answer for a capital, or otherwise infamous, crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jury, except in cases arising in the land or naval forces, or in the militia, when in actual service in time of war or public danger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be put in jeopardy of life and limb; nor shall be compelled, in any criminal case, to be a witness against himself; nor shall
When the first ten amendments were ratified, citizens were promised the freedom of speech, allowing all humans to give their opinion about the government without punishment. The Alien and Sedition Acts, however, prohibited anybody from speaking negatively about the government. Berns, an American constitutional law and political philosophy
On July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth amendment was formally introduced to the Constitution and granted citizenship to “all persons born or naturalized in the United States.” These words have as an ideal purpose that all levels of the federal government must operate within the law and provide fair conditions for all people. As a result, the states had a obligation to the public. Through the Fourteenth amendment, states were forbidden from denying any person “life, liberty, or property, without due process of law” or to “deny any person within jurisdiction the equal protection of laws.” By directly mentioning the role of the states, the Fourteenth amendment also expanded civil rights to African American slaves who had been emancipated after the American Civil War. The Citizenship clause is one of the three provisions and is the first statement said in Section 1 of the Fourteenth Amendment. It cinches that “all persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of every State wherein they reside.” Previously, interests of whether or not repealing birthright citizenship for the children of illegal aliens were increasing.
“Their (Mississippi, South Carolina, or Louisiana) framers intended and did disfranchise a majority of their citizenship [deprived them of the right to vote] because of “race and color” and “previous condition”..” [Doc. 7] This lead to the ratification of 15th Amendment. The 15th Amendment protects the right to vote of the emancipated slaves as it says on the document, “the right to vote shall not be denied on the basis of race, color, or previous condition.” The aftermath of civil war, resulted with good economical changes. The slaves used to work on their master’s plantation. However, when they were freed they spread out and became independent.
Ava DuVernay’s 13th is a documentary about how the Thirteenth Amendment led to mass incarceration in the United States, but it’s also a exploration of words of their power, their roots, their permanence. Many Americans by now are familiar with the language of the country’s racial hegemony. Some shun certain words while others make anthems out of them. The film opens with an analysis of the 13th amendment: “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States.” The 13th Amendment abolished slavery in the United States. The amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865 and ratified by the states on December 6th, 1865.
The 24th amendment reads as followed “The Twenty-fourth Amendment of the United States Constitution prohibits both Congress and the states from conditioning the right to vote in federal elections on payment of a poll tax or other types of tax”. The Amendments that led up to the 24th were just as significant, but brought no real change. This was huge for the equal rights movement and gave African-Americans a real opportunity to vote and have a voice in politics to one day change the lives of them and their children to come. Poll taxes were a capital tax that applied equally to adults. They were a decent form of revenue for some governments until the mid-1800s.