to take action in the Vietminh’s fight for independence. The domino theory, which reflects America’s fear and the conviction that communism appeared to be a danger for the world, is accepted as the main reason for America’s involvement in the Vietnam War. The American presidents shared the orthodox interpretation, all believing in the containment of communism. Other factors that explain America’s involvement in the Vietnam War are the quagmire and Stalemate theory and the commitment trap. The increased commitment from previous presidents made it more difficult and challenging for the successors to withdraw from the Vietnam.
Kennedy too was convinced that Lumumba, with his ties to the Soviet Union was a threat. Mountz shared Kennedy’s view of Lumumba’s influence by sharing his quote: Lumumba would “continue to cause difficulties in the Congo whether he is in control of the government, in jail or released” (Mountz, 156). For this reason, Mountz states: “The Kennedy administration continued to plot against Patrice Lumumba, the self-avowed nationalist and ﬁrst democratically elected prime minister in the Congo, and employed bribery, blackmail, and threats in order to have Cyrille Adoula elected as prime minister in August
The cold war characterized in many aspects. Here I conclude it with several key words. Firstly, political conflicts and military tension between US ans USSR. Secondly, the Marshall plan which was seen by Russia as USA using economic aid to buy itself an empire or 'sphere of influence '. Also, Nuclear fear also was the characteristic of cold war, everyone at that time was fear of the nuclear war that was seemed to happen, especially at the time of Cuba missile crisis.
Essentially, Holton makes it seem like the British were more on the side of the Indians then they were for their own colonists. The Virginians took the land by force (Dunmore’s War) because Britain was not going to play apart in negotiating land. The built up anger amongst those land speculators led to them making one of the most important decisions in American history. Because wars generally violate treaties with Britain and the Indians, Virginia needed to declare independence to have the right to do what they pleased. Holton’s opinion opened my eyes.to different views of the American Revolution than was once perceived.
Many believed that communists were inciting rebellions in the form of labor unions in almost every state; focus shifted from the Red Scare when the need to focus on the war in Europe overpowered the supposed presence of a communist party. After World War II, tensions arose between Russia, then known as the USSR, and the United States. This tension and the events that followed came to be called the Cold War, one of its main events being the Second Red Scare. The Second Red Scare was more destructive than the first. During this Scare, the United States believed that it was constantly under attack from Communists, both from within and outside of the nation 's borders.
Arthur Schlesinger Jr, states that ‘the Cold War in its original form was a presumably mortal antagonism, in the wake of the Second World War, between two rigidly hostile blocs (1967, 22).’ The quote embodies the power struggle that was played out between America and the Soviets during the post war era. Historians and theorists have been drawing from ideologies and different international world orders to help gain an accurate understanding of the origins of the Cold War. In a bipolar world, as described by Waltz, neither major power seeks approval with one another; they just have to cope with one another, however within great-power politics who is threatening who can create feelings of uncertainty between them and then a Cold War is born (1988, 622). The orthodox argument makes the claim that the United States was responding to the threatening nature of the USSR, despite trying to integrate
In the book Taking Haiti: Military Occupation and the Culture of U.S. Imperialism, author Mary A. Renda discussed the United States occupation of Haiti between the years of 1915 and 1934. When the United States decided to move into Haiti for military occupation, it wanted to establish not just control of the country, but it also wanted to secure its interests there. American politicians and many marines viewed Haiti through a racist lens and viewed their people and government as inferior. They believed the nation required a helping hand from the United States.
The cold war wasn’t just caused by the Russians vs Americans. It was Capitalism vs Communism, which is not constricted to just those two countries. The Soviet Union had a major flaw. A communist model usually requires a dictator and as history would prove they become power mad and usually mistreat their people.
The Soviets were trying over and over to force their culture and the concept of communism on the people inside Berlin. As I have said multiple times previously, this event was one of the first major conflicts of the Cold War. The Cold War was based around political tensions between the United States and their allies who represented democracy and the Soviet Union and their allies who represented communism. This caused obvious differences between the two powerhouses in the world at that time. The United States realized that the Soviet Union can not be allowed to spread the way of communism while putting civilians at potential
The ethnic tension between the three liberation movements happened in the Angolan War of Independence prior to independence and they are rooted in differing positions within colonial society. Because of the colonization before 1975, combining and placing vastly differing ethnicities under one centrally administered colonial territory ended up politicizing ethnicity. There was also the introducing and the imposing of racial and class divisions which aggravated the already existing ethnic cleavages. Due to this, the different ethnic groups supported different liberation movements in the Angolan Civil War for the purpose of opposing the other ethnic groups which had supported the other liberation movements (though it might not be the main reason for most), just like the Ovimbundu ethnic group utilizing UNITA as a way to oppose the other ethnic groups supporting MPLA and FNLA. With the ethnic tension, the ethnic group would not want to the other ethnic groups to be in power and hence they fought for their ethnic group to become the government.
“In the early 1900s U.S. Marines were sent to Nicaragua to control rebel uprisings and again in late 1920s to "preserve order”.”(Phelps and Lehman, 1) The interference was becoming a habit. Not only did the Central American citizens object to the Reagan administration involvement, but also the U.S. citizens. In addition 50,000 youths had died and billions of dollars had already been spent in the Vietnam war and no one wanted to go through that again in Central
Part two, Covert Action, of Overthrow: America’s Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq, by Stephen Kinzer, presents situations in Iran, Chile, South Vietnam, and Guatemala where covert actions were used to abolish governments that the United States claimed had communist influence and intentions. These threats were misguided, but the excuse was used to justify the actions to the public. The true intention of these interventions was to protect American businesses in foreign countries. These interferences are still causing problems for all countries involved. The actions taken in Iran, Chile, South Vietnam, and Guatemala were all to protect businesses in these countries.
Thousands of Americans soldiers died in Vietnam. The war had cost so much that President Johnson was forced to cancel multiple programs including his social reform program. America had failed to contain communism and many people lost confidence in our country. It was nearly 20 years before America again tried to police the world. However, the domino affect was proved wrong because the loss of South Vietnam to communism did not immediately effect what happened in governments of other countries.
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
President Roland Reagan outshined three pervious president, Carter and Nixon and Ford on the Cold War Strategy. He refused to continue with Nixon’s Détente which was later renewed. To defeat the Soviet Union. Regan’s interest was applying principles through military measures and diplomatic relations which contributed to the end of the cold war. Reagan’s tactics was to rearm and strength the military, the Secretary of Defense, Casper Weinberger acknowledged it could crippled Soviet Union’s Military and economy causing disorder.