They turned to a problem that allowed a flood of Japanese conquests and victories that had raised in the Pacific. General George C. Marshall was the United States Army’s chief of staff. His views of the strategic problem put into a perspective of ample terms: He said that the United States should concentrate its military power on trying to make a successful lodgment on the European continent as soon as they could. During the summer of 1942 the Soviet Army seemed very desperate as Adolf Hitler’s panzer divisions were pushing on toward Stalingrad and the Caucasus. The American military believed that it would be necessary for them to invade northwestern Europe in 1942 so they could take the heat off of the Soviets.But they had a preferred date in mind it was the spring of 1943, the American ground forces would more ready for anything that would come their way, they trained and equipped to fight the Wehrmacht on the European continent.
The First reason was to boost the Soviet Union's power, threatening the U.S. with nuclear attack from the Caribbean and the second reason was to bolster the Soviet Union's Bargaining position in its attempts to force West Berlin to join East Germany. Russia was a communist country and had a goal to expand communism throughout central Europe, but the U.S was a democratic country and the goal of the U.S was to stop the spread of communism. So the USSR had to take action, after the fall of Fulgencio Batista and the rise of Fidel Castro’s campaign for Cuba to be a communist country, they became allies and with the help of Cuba, the USSR were able to transport Middle-ranged Ballistic Missiles for an all out attack on the US. But American actions perhaps suggested a way out for Khrushchev. In 1962 American Jupiter missiles were in Turkey, which were in range to attack soviet targets.
9In what ways did the Treaty of Versailles punish Germany? When Germany surrendered, they knew they had to pay a price, but the peace treaty was more severe than they expected. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau and American President Woodrow Wilson, the three leaders of the Allies, decided the fate of Germany. The Treaty
First of all, the main reason for the contradiction is the alleged Japanese attack by surprise. After years of discovering information some speculations intrude that the attack on Pearl Harbor was not only expected weeks earlier but was also awaited and provoked. In the journal of secretary Roosevelt, on November 25, 1941, there is a record of his conversation with Roosevelt regarding how to manipulate the Japanese to give the first shot because it was desirable that the Japanese were the ones who would do it so that there was no doubt who the aggressor was. In the months leading up to the attack on Pearl Harbor, Roosevelt did everything he could to upset the Japanese, showing them as an aggressor (he stopped all oil exports to Japan, frozen all Japanese assets, gave loans to Chinese nationalists and supported the English - both nations were enemies of Japan). Pacific fleets long before December 7 informed Washington about the various anticipated threats.
The alternative for President Franklin D. Roosevelt and his advisors was doing nothing and letting Nazi Germany develop atomic power and going on to use it to conquer the world. The United States of America wanted to end World War II on both the Atlantic and Pacific fronts and needed the quickest possible method to do so. Franklin D. Roosevelt’s advisors concluded that hundreds of thousands of American lives would be lost on an assault on the island of Japan. The U.S. Armed Forces was over 16,000,000 strong and Franklin D. Roosevelt’s main motive for dropping the atom bombs was to save American lives.5 The fact of the matter is World War II was started by the Axis powers which were Germany, Italy and Japan. The Axis powers alone turned Europe upside down.
The magnitude of the situation was put onto his shoulders at a time so early into his presidency that he had no idea what would be the best course of action. The United States, of course, requested the Japanese surrender unconditionally; however, despite their plea for capitulation, the adamance of the Japanese remained. From this, Truman decided it was imperative to drop the atomic bomb. In the present, his decision is an ongoing topic of conversation; despite the immense power the bomb withheld and the catastrophic effects it produced, President Truman’s decision to drop the bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki was a justified
In that period after World War II the purpose for the Alliance was keeping Sovi-ets down Germany out and US in. ‘Deterring Soviet expansionism, forbidding the revival of nationalist militarism in Europe through a strong North American presence on the continent, and encouraging European political integration’ (A short history of NATO). Moreover, ‘several Western European democracies came together to imple-ment various projects for greater military cooperation and collective defence, includ-ing the creation of the Western Union in 1948, later to become the Western Europe-an Union in 1954. In the end, it was determined that only a truly transatlantic se-curity agreement could deter Soviet aggression while simultaneously preventing the revival of European militarism and laying the groundwork for political integration’ (A short history of NATO). As a result, North Atlantic Treaty was signed in 4th of April 1949 by ten European and North American countries it was the beginning of the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO).
The debate over the legitimacy of the atomic bombings of Japan generally revolves around what it was going to take to get Japan to agree to an unconditional surrender and what that might cost in American and Japanese lives. Those who supported the use of the bomb took the utilitarian view that it would end the war quickly and thereby save even greater numbers of American and Japanese lives by avoiding an Allied invasion of the home islands. In the context of The Just War Theory, however, the issue still comes down to the legitimacy of targeting civilians in industrial cities this line had already been crossed. Utilitarian considerations, such as the doctrine of double effect, only apply if the intended target is indeed military. Strategic bombing in World War II essentially was a decision to kill people not because of their military role, but because of their nationality.
In order for them to invade they would then plan how many troops the Allies would need, they had to study the Nazi routine and study where they were troops the strongest. The Allies had to make sure that where they wanted to land they were not and Nazi troops to disturb they invasion. The Allies had to convince Hitler that they would land at a different location than to the one they would actually land at. The planning that went into the attack was that the Allies had to make sure that the five beaches they wanted to land on