In the Fall of 1787, upon reading the proposed Constitution of the United States that had recently been sent to the colonies for ratification, John Adams wrote to Thomas Jefferson: “What think you of a Declaration of Rights? Should not such a thing have preceded the model?”1 Jefferson wrote to James Madison later that same year: “A bill of rights is what the people are entitled to against every government on earth, general or particular, and what no just government should refuse.”2 In another letter to Madison, Jefferson stated more definitively: I do not like…the omission of a bill of rights providing clearly and without the aid of sophisms for freedom of religion, freedom of the press, protection against standing armies, restriction against monopolies, the eternal and unremitting force of habeas corpus, and trials by jury in all matters of fact triable by the laws of the land and not by law of nations.3 Thus, James Madison, the “Father of the Constitution,” had a dilemma in winning ratification of “his” constitution. Should a bill of rights be added to the proposed constitution? Originally opposed to the addition of a bill of rights, Madison, always a true advocate of those rights, eventually accepted that a bill of rights should be adopted. It became necessary to gain acceptance of the proposed Constitution,
There is always another side to the story. Federalist, these people supported the constitution. Though they knew that the constitution wasn’t perfection yet, According to document 3 George Washington state 's ”We have errors to correct… would to God, that wise measures may be taken in time to avert the consequences we have but too much reason to apprehend”. George was sure that the constitution wasn’t perfect but that in this time of need they need something like it. They need a strong government, to win over the people who won’t support over fear of loss of natural laws, like mentioned in document 1 “Let us look and behold the distress which prevail in every part of our country… View these things, fellow citizens, and then say we do not require a new, a protection, and efficient federal government if you can” this document was quoted from a newspaper in Massachusetts.
He thought about voluntarily giving up the presidency in 1792, but with advice from his cabinet officers, he agreed to a second term (Ellis, 149). At the end of his first term, Washington asked James Madison to draft a valedictory address, because his two most trusted cabinet members, Hamilton and Jefferson, were deeply involved in partisan disputes (Ellis, 149). However, at the end of the second term, Washington called upon Hamilton to draft his address (Ellis, 150). Hamilton had Washington’s writing voice down pat, from writing correspondence for him during the Revolutionary War, and his draft read much the same as it would had Washington himself written it (Ellis,
The Articles of Confederation was an agreement among the thirteen original states of the United States that served as the first constitution. The Articles had first been introduced by Richard Henry Lee in the Second Continental Congress. Although the Articles of Confederation has made its contributions throughout history, the Articles, however, did not last very long and had been proven inadequate from the very start. I agree with this statement based on the examples and analysis of the Constitution I will soon provide. The Articles of Confederation were written during a time when the American people feared a strong national government.
Imagine a world where one person has all the power and you have to obey their every command; this is why we have a constitution to protect us from tyranny. After being under the dictatorial rule of Britain for seven years, the Colonies broke away and decided to create the Constitution to manage the government. This was an uber challenge for the delegates tasked with writing the Constitution—they wanted to create a strong government without having a despot. In multiple ways, the Constitution protects American citizens from tyranny. Tyranny is when one person or group has too much power.
The Compromise of 1850 was a compromise proposed by Henry Clay regarding the future of slavery, especially in the territories acquired during the Mexican American War. This vital compromise delayed the Civil War for several years, and temporally extinguished the slavery issue. Despite the balance brought through the compromise neither North nor South was content with the compromise. Several speakers made speeches stating their opinions on the compromise, and their plan for the future of the country. Henry Clay’s speech on February 6, 1850, describes the great accomplishments of the United States and the necessity to resolve the territorial issue that threats to cause Civil War.
The Supreme Court, while conceivably powerful and instituted to uphold the Constitution, actually has little ability to harness and implement its power to protect minorities. The opinions/rulings of the Supreme Court are not directed to the public, rather these opinions are directed to check the other two branches of government, which are able to implement rulings to protect minorities, if they so choose. Simply, the Court acts as a “middle man.” The Supreme Court only has power when they strike down a law as unconstitutional and even then their power to protect minorities is limited. When the Court does not declare something unconstitutional they are upholding legislation, effectively agreeing with the other two branches. When the Court hears a case and
One of reasons the confederacy failed was because the U.S. Congress, with Lincoln’s support, proposed the 13th amendment which would abolish slavery in America. Although the confederate peace delegation was unwilling to accept a future without slavery, the radical and moderate Republicans designed a way to takeover the reconstruction program. The Radical Republicans wanted full citizenship rights for African Americans and wanted to implement harsh reconstruction policies toward the south. The radical republican views made up the majority of the Congress and helped to pass the 14th amendment which guaranteed equality under the law for all citizens, and protected freedmen from presidential vetoes, southern state legislatures, and federal court decisions. In 1869, Congress passed the fifteenth amendment stating that no citizen can be denied the right to vote because of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude.” To destroy the confederacy and make the south rejoin the union, extreme legal measures such as passing amendments needed to be taken by the government to affirm Union’s power over the south.
Without the written rights the government could take them away. People were scared of a new Constitution that gave the Federal Government too much power and that they would end up with the type of government they just fought to separate from. They worried that the Washington government would abuse the people’s rights just like the British did.
While this was happening, the 2nd Continental Congress was held. In another attempt to have peace between the Parliament and the states, however the king rejected the petition once again and said the states were in rebellion. During the congress, George Washington was chose to lead the Continental army to fight the British. They were quite successful, and the British had only narrow victories. During this, colonists began to encourage the idea of fully independent, rather than being ruled under the English law.