Writers came to see these crusades as a way that was appointed to rescue Christians form persecution and invasion. In addition, history chronicles down these events that led to the various crusades as a way of dispossessing land that belonged to Christians. One other justification concerning the crusades involved fulfilling spiritual vows to go to a crusade. Well, any war can only be justified as the only last resort for defense when it is clearly demanded of God (When God speaks directly to an individual or people). Therefore, after the war there different opinions were propagated by writers as whether the crusades could be justified or not.
The Crusades were known as a series of battles launched by Europe against the Islamic religion to take back the holy land of Jerusalem. When the First Crusade was launched, Jerusalem churches were under the Muslim rule. When Pope Urban II was elected, he found himself the head of a reformed movement to win back the holy land of Jerusalem, and relieve churches of the Muslim rule. Emperor Alexius, the emperor of the Byzantine Empire, requested help from Pope Urban because the Muslims were killing his Christian people. Since the Muslims were in command of Jerusalem, the violent acts happening in the Byzantine Empire by the Muslims were happening in Jerusalem as well.
The second justification was that these “barbarians” had taken territory belonging to the Christians especially holy sites such as Jerusalem. So the Christians felt that this holy land should be recaptured. And the third justification was that Christ had commanded such an action. I am going to visit each of these points and prove that the social injustice of the Crusades was not justified by these points and try to provide solutions to how this social injustice
108, Gale, 2008. Literature Resource Center, http://link.galegroup.com. Haggerty, George E. “‘Queer Company’ : The Turn of the Screw and The Haunting of Hill House.” Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism. Queer Gothic, University of Illinois Press, 2006, pp. 131-150.
Puritan Period covers the history of religious reform within the Anglican Church, commonly known as Church of England (Demos, 1970). It is a period widely known in history as the migration period of Separatists escaping the remnants of Roman Catholicism in the transcended Church of England – the corruption and indecorous dogma during the reign of Queen Elizabeth I (Johnson, 1970). Interestingly, Puritan Period, more than its literature, has three particularly areas of discussion that can be relatable
“Were the Crusades successful in achieving their aim of reclaiming Jerusalem and maintaining the Christian presence in the Middle East (Anatolia) and the Crusader States, and how are the Crusades relevant/similar to recent events taking place in the Middle East such as America’s war on Terror and Jihadism.” The Crusades were a series of holy wars declared by the officials of the Catholic Church on the Muslim expansion and Seljuk Turks who had taken over the holy lands. Crusaders were sent off to Israel to reclaim these lands and strengthen the Christian presence in Anatolia however they were not successful in maintaining their holds and crusades following the first crusades can be considered failures. The First crusade was declared by Pope
The Crusades What were the crusades? The crusades were a series of wars between the Catholics and the Saracens which surprisingly we call Muslims now. The crusades started in 1095 when Pope Clermont preached the first crusade. In this exciting paper I will be talking about the different crusades and the effect they had in the middle ages. In the next paragraph I will talk about the first crusade then in the following paragraph, I will talk about the second crusade.
In addition, Protestantism helped a lot during this movement because its belief is that God saved everyone by His faith to Jesus Christ, himself. Martin Luther was strict about these rules of the Protestant Reformation. He felt that people should confess their sins, and depending on how bad the sin is, he thinks that God should judge it. Simultaneously, he didn’t believe that “indulgences,” or state of satisfaction, can pay off the price for one’s sin because he believes that it is not holy nor righteous (“Martin Luther”). In the end, this movement was spread to many countries of Europe such as Germany, Switzerland, Spain, and many
Verderame, Carla L. “The American Dream in The Great Gatsby.” Encyclopedia of Themes in Literature, 3-Volume Set, Facts On File, 2010. Bloom 's Literature, online.infobase.com/HRC/Search/Details/39162?q=The%20American%20Dream%20in%20the%20Great%20Gatsby. Verderame, Carla L. “Social Class in The Great Gatsby.” Encyclopedia of Themes in Literature, 3-Volume Set, Facts On File, 2010. Bloom 's Literature, online.infobase.com/HRC/Search/Details/39164?q=social class in the great gatsby. Accessed 2 Jan.
This event rallied the Christians onto victory and laid to rest any latent desire of Christians to convert to Islam. At the same time, Allen assumes that the appearance of the Holy Lance caused an increase in the desire by Christian crusaders to convert the Muslim, rather than kill them. Peter the Hermit’s most interesting heroics occurred when he attempted to convert Kerbogha to Christianity. Kerbogha a great leader and fierce Muslim warrior refused the offer of conversion and the suggestion of resolving the conflict by using the battle of champions. Allen question Peter’s motives in asking Kerbogha to convert, however, it is Allen’s position that Peter was the type of man who would have ceased upon the appearance of the Holy Lance and then dedicated himself to the conversion of all people to Christianity.
During the period between 1550 and 1648, the view of the Holy Roman Empire, France, and the Spanish Netherlands shifted to perceive religious diversity as a strength and not as a weakness. Following the bloody civil war between Charles V and the Schmalkaldick league, the Peace of Augsburg took the first steps to reestablishing domestic stability. The contract specified in Document 4 illustrates the town council in Saxony mandating the cooperation of Lutheranism and Catholicism with the Catholic church allowing Lutheran priests to perform sermons in the upper balcony. The system helps to ensure domestic stability which goes in sharp contrast to the war under Charles V for religious uniformity. Therefore, Document 4 illustrates that the city council believed that there could be political stability with religious diversity.