4. Think about the larger economic situation in your country right now. How do the overall economy and its various aspects impact your life and finances? Answer: The overall economy and its various aspects impact our lives and finances when we do stuff like pay taxes. Sometimes when taxes are paid, we do not benefit from them.
Classical economics emphasises the fact free markets lead to an efficient outcome and are self-regulating. In macroeconomics, classical economics assumes the long run aggregate supply curve is inelastic; therefore any deviation from full employment will only be temporary. The Classical model stresses the importance of limiting government intervention and striving to keep markets free of potential barriers to their efficient operation. Keynesians argue that the economy can be below full capacity for a considerable time due to imperfect markets. Keynesians place a greater role for expansionary fiscal policy (government intervention) to overcome recession.
Due to ongoing increases in growing deficits that contribute to the growing National Debt, there has been continued discussion to implement a balanced budget. There are both positives and negatives for enacting such an amendment that has been laid out by many scholars. Additionally, there has been an alternative to a balanced budget amendment and that is to enact procedural rules. There are two metaphysical arguments against a balanced-budget amendment and that such an amendment would harm the economy. First the Keynesian stabilization policies for economics that centers around changing economic direction in respect to the status of the economy.
The two words deficit spending doesn’t sound like a positive meaning, when the two words are used together in a sentence. Deficit spending is when government’s purchases surpassed the original amount that they were obligated to spend. The government has a strong tendency to over spend on what they actually have in their bank accounts, because it helps balance the budget. When the government helps balance the budget by exceeding government spending, this in return aids the government in generating a budget deficit. Budget deficit and deficit spending are exactly the same, which is exceeding the amount that was previously put in place to spend.
Consider the economy enters a recession, thus the government automatically moves into a budget deficit. In order to balance this deficit, the government would have to raise taxes or cut spending, but both of these actions would reduce aggregate demand, making the recession worse. Now assume GDP increases above its potential level, the budget is automatically moved into surplus. To eliminate this surplus, the government would have to cut taxes or increase spending. These actions would increase aggregate demand, thereby pushing GDP even further beyond potential GDP and increase the risk of higher inflation.
They will become inclined to negotiate for more mutually beneficial trade. The wealth of the nation will improve and the government 's revenue will increase, thereby reducing the likelihood for property taxes. The most important function of the government is to provide for the common defense, and the central government should be given as much power as necessary to match the responsibility of providing for the common defense. The confederacy failed to effectively provide for the common defense because the responsibility fell upon the central government, while the power rested with the states. The central government must be able to maintain standing armies, provide for a national militia, and be able to levy direct taxes to support its common defense and provide for national prosperity.
National Debt Clock, the current amount of debt the United States is in is over 19 trillion dollars. One of the ways the government plans on paying off some of that debt and by having the money to spend on mandatory and nonmandatory necessities this year is by borrowing money. This will only cause the debt to get bigger and bigger because they will be borrowing more money than what will be paid off. The effects of the government spending money it does not have is that the problems will only get worse and not just for future generations but also for current generations. Even current generations may have to face significant higher taxes on many things such as tax revenue, higher interest rate and even have an impact on the job pool.
There are two main principles when it comes to fiscal policy. One is known as demand-side economics and the other is known as supply-side economics. Demand-side economics comes from John Maynard Keynes, an English economist, he suggested that if the government provided enough work for everyone, it would cause economic growth. This idea was first implemented in Roosevelt’s New Deal through many of the public work programs, and in times of economic crisis the democrats commonly go to demand-side economics in order to get America out of an economic slump. In contrast to demand-side economics, the republicans often refer to the idea of supply-side economics which was developed by the economist Arthur Laffer.
I believe taxes affects government economic policy today by increasing or decreasing the amount of money the government makes. The purpose of taxes is to raise revenue to fund the government. Money provided by taxation has been used by states and their functional equivalents throughout history to carry out many functions. Some of these include expenditures on economic infrastructure, military, scientific research, culture and the arts, public works, distribution, data collection and dissemination, public insurance, and the operation of government itself. The different reforms I would like to see are the lowering the taxes on basic goods and increasing it on luxury items.
Literature review: spending of government sometimes cannot be stimulative because the government each money may be one dollar can injects to the tax that comes in economy or it is borrow in the future out of the economy. Tax rebates not always help the economy to increase because it comes under government grants and they do not encourage productivity Federal spending is considered as out of control and can grow faster when they are projected in the future that can burdens Americans and making future saddle foe generations with a massive, and cannot be affordable debt. It is necessary that congress should cut current spending and can save for future through entitlement reforms. It can be achievable by not raising taxes and assuring the grants
Monetary policy is the actions of a central bank, currency board or other regulatory committee that determine the size and rate of the money supply, which in turn affects interest rates. The concept of Monetary Policy simply stated is that the cost of credit is reduced, more people and firms will borrow money and the economy will heat up. c. The controls that Federal Reserve used worked because the use of the three main tools the Fed uses is the most important that can manipulate monetary policy. The Fed’s goal in trading the securities is to affect the federal funds
What financial tools described in this chapter can help you make better financial decisions? Tools used to help you make better financial decisions are the budget process which include financial statements, macroeconomic indicators and microeconomic or personal factors. (pg 108) The Budget Process The budget process helps evaluate and plan a specific course of action for a particular financial situation. Goals are set to lay a foundation for information gathered on financial statements. The financial statements are used to determine the figures for limitations included in the budget.
Foreign investors are attracted towards a country that has a strong economy. This leads to better valuation of the currency. Increasing budget deficits of governments lead to the decreasing valuation of currency. When it minimizes, the currency value makes a favorable, more prominent exchange rate. The balance of trade is the difference between the value of exports and the value of imports.
According to Farber (1981), "Despite the difficulties in cutting back, the need for substantial federal budget cuts are two reasons: first, cuts are essential in returning our nation back to a continuation of economic growth; and second, the administration has proposed a substantial increase in flexibility that would allow state and local governments to mitigate the harmful impact of the cuts." Officials in many other government agencies including those at the federal, state, and local levels have also faced increased budgetary constraints. Although budgets have constricted, the workload of the court has continued to increase. I was given carte blanche to do what needs to be done to get our budget down 12% in expenditures. After cutting all
(Gad 2012). New opportunities are evaluated in terms of does it contribute to the mission of the HCO. Within a HCO the finance department is who will prepare the capital budget. It will show what the expected expenses will be during each accounting period and it will track the funds that the HCO has available. The finance department will also manage the sources of capital funds, provide data for long-range financial planning and the board’s annual goal for investments, and prevents distortion of costs or benefits in proposals (White & Griffith 2010, p. 432).