I think the most significant cause of WW1 was the alliance system. This was most important because different countries would not be involved if they weren’t allies. Before the war happened, Russia, France and Britain had formed an alliance- the Triple Entente. All three countries think that Germany would be a threat to them. Russia thinks that Germany’s army base is too big; UK thinks that Germany’s wealth and navy increased to threaten UK; The relationship between Germany and France had been sour as Germany stole a land from France, and had been in a long-standing feud with Germany from then.
Russia and France were against this, however. At France, the more western side, Germany was against France and Britain. At Russian Poland, the more eastern side, Germany, also helping Austria-Hungary, was against the Russians. Italy joined France and Britain because of a promise of some land at Austria and the Middle East, but they did not get as much as they had wanted. The world war began in Europe, but it also spread to the world.
But without the treaty of Versailles, Hitler was most likely to fail on his path to power in Germany, and would never have succeeded to start a war in the first place. This makes the treaty of Versailles the main cause of World War II. The First World War had been a devastating war in Europe, causing millions of deaths and casualties throughout the continent. As a result of this, the allies who eventually became victorious were now seeking revenge for the massive losses they had faced. The problem was, that while the allied delegates responsible for writing the peace treaty should have been concerned with the future of Europe, they
In addition, Germany was even forced to sign the agreement due to the threat of being invaded by the Triple Entente. Since Germans are no longer strong enough to endure the three major powers in Triple Entente, they had no choice but to sign the treaty. On the ground of this, many people call this a “Diktat” which means a harsh, punitive settlement on a defeated nation. political party. Since the losing side had no chance to claim for themselves,
President Wilson shared his vision of a peacekeeping alliance between nations. He tried to shift the goals of alliances from supporting in war to helping to keep peace. Some European powers, however, were still bitter and didn’t feel like making peace, especially not with Germany, which was seen as the main aggressor in WWI. Also, Russia with its new communist government was not a favored treaty partner for western powers. The peace treaty of Versailles had created a lot of hatred between nations, especially Germany, which was left humiliated and isolated.
‘The concept of total war originally emerged in the ideological and political context of the interwar period. It was not designed as a precise tool of academic analysis, but as a rhetorical’ During the Interwar period, the concept developed into ideas on how to prepare for a possible new conflict, especially in Germany there was a sense of that the country had not been willing to go far enough. ‘Eric Ludendorff saw ‘total war’ as the Great War done right.’ ‘Total war’ was to Ludendorff during the interwar period becoming an ideal where Germany could succeed if followed until the hostile nation was crushed. ‘He was convinced that to succeed, the nation would need a military dictatorship, and that ‘total war’ was total mobilization of all human material resources. ’ In a more modern context ‘The notion of ‘total war’ is commonly used within military history to describe a totality of effort, meaning the full mobilization of civil, economic and military sectors for war.’ This, however, is only one of several depictions of ‘total war’.
Appeasement is the policy of making compromise to the dictatorial power in order to avoid conflict .Appeasement was a policy adopted by Britain during the 1930s. This policy developed from the growing belief that some countries, especially Germany, had been unfairly treated in the peace settlement of 1918-1919. When Hitler started ruling Germany , he tried to stop the treaty of versailles as it consisted of aggressive and harsh terms that the Allied powers had put in for Germany , in order to avoid conflict , this policy was used .It reflected a sense, present in France as well as Britain, that the Versailles Treaty (1919) had either been too harsh initially or had become unenforceable. The main reason for this was to avoid war between Germany and Italy .The government was concerned with the weakness of its armed forces , notably the lack of defense and especially against the attacker .Any war in Europe involving Britain could threaten the security of her Empire. During the 1930s Britain 's empire had come under threat from Japan and Italy furthermore Britain had to deal with trouble in India and the Middle East (20 000 troops
On 11 November 1918, Germany finally surrendered .They then received a lot of consequences such as the treaty of Versailles. However, was it inevitable that Germany will lose in World War One? In the following paragraphs, we are going to talk about some of the reasons for Germany’s failure. Some reasons show that Germany was actually taking less advantage in the war, but
As a result, Germany was left with hyperinflation and a destroyed economy. It can be said that World War II was mainly the outcome of (Germany’s) Depression. However, the Depression could not incite the world onto a path of another war unless the circumstances for this strife were already rooted in the tensions of the treaty PERSONAL ANALYSIS? (Graebner, Bennett 120-122). Unsurprisingly, Germany desired to seek revenge on the treaty.
Europe was still very unstable because of the effects of World War I especially Germany. Their politics and economy were very unstable, so it was easy for a dictator to take the “throne”. Hitler and the Nazi party soonly took over. The Allied powers continually tried to get Hitler to stop expanding and conquering other lands. Hitler agreed, but continually disregarded them violating and denouncing the Treaty of Versailles, which ended World War I. Germany signed treaties with Japan and Italy to help them take over the world.
One way that the Treaty of Versailles treated Germany harshly was the way that it reduced their army. After the date of March 31, 1920, Germany wasn’t allowed to have over one hundred thousand soldiers in its army, (Doc B) Germany would more than likely be furious because what if they were attacked? They felt vulnerable to everyone. France is right next to Germany, and refuse to let them have any military forces at the border. (Doc A) Germany is even more defenseless and they have to obey by what France tells them.
Russia in World War I has become a great debate on how bad they were defeated and what they truly contributed to the war. Many focus on Russia’s few victories and its tremendous defeats rather than what they did for their allies. Russia is known for being occupied by Germans as well as being constantly defeated by them in World War I: however, they found themselves successful defeating the Austria-Hungary. Russia continuously were having hardships due to food shortages, loss of territory, and enormous amount of deaths. However, Russia was not one of the lucky ones during these times yet they managed to bring some good and help to their allies and people.
He was saying that he wanted to form the league of nations that could help prevent future wars. He also stated that germany should not be blamed for the entire war. Clemenceau, representing france, had the harshest strategy for rebuilding the world because his country had suffered the most damage from the war by losing the most troops, land,and resources. He wanted germany to pay for what they had done to france. Clemenceau proposed that germany would return alsace-lorraine back to france.
Other motives for the treaty were to force Germany into paying for costs of the war, as punishment. Germany had not anticipated such harsh punishment because Wilson’s Fourteen Points had not focused on it, instead they believed they would eventually benefit from it. Using the Fourteen Points loosely as a guideline for the peace treaty, The League of Nations, which would later turn into the United Nations, emerged to settle international disputes through negotiation. Ironically, the United States would not join the League. Aside from the financial aspects, the treaty would include a Guilt Clause, which would entail Germany to admit they were at fault for the war.