Kennedy took a different, more violent approach in confining, and overall stopping the spread of communism. Truman said in his University of Washington Speech that money would be sent to any country that needed financial support in combating communism (Kennedy). In addition to this, he had the same views for military aid. His mission was to support any country fighting communism with the proper weapons if the Soviet Union were to attack (Kennedy). The biggest contrast between Kennedy and the other two presidents was that Kennedy was not afraid of war.
The USSR had a major advantage in this war; their ability to quickly produce war materials and large amount of manpower. In November 1943, Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt met in Iran to discuss Stalin’s demand of opening a second front in Europe. Stalin feared the pressure the Red Army was under would create an attack opportunity for the Axis powers. Churchill and Roosevelt argued with Stalin that dropping troops behind enemy lines in West Europe would be too great of a risk. Joseph Stalin was ready to leave the Allies, but word of Operation Overlord convinced him to stay, hoping it would give him the second front he desired for his troops.
This source is very useful to a historian, it explains the Soviet response to the Marshall Plan, and they believed it was a clear example of American economic imperialism. They believed the Americans were trying to undermine the Soviet sphere of influence in Europe by taking over countries and making them dependant on the US dollar so that they could not turn to communism, if they did they would face the risk of having their aid stopped. From my own knowledge, I know that one condition of receiving the aid was that countries would have to share their economic information with the USA. The soviets believed that the Marshall Plan was an attempt to place countries under their economic and political control, as demonstrated by the fact they had to share economic information. The plan was perceived as having ideological reasons and the USA were trying to control countries by making them reliant on the dollar and through fear of this money being taken away if they turned to Communism, undermining and posing a clear threat to Soviet influence in eastern
This terrified the USSR 's leadership, who feared being surpassed by the USA. As a result, relations broke down very quickly, and soon a Second Cold War had started. Reagan 's approach to foreign policy also helped start the Second Cold War. The Reagan doctrine promoted containment of communism. This was made clear when Reagan declared that any Soviet advance on the Persian gulf would be met with a nuclear response.
The war served the dual purpose of checking Russian advances in East Asia, and redirecting Japanese expansion away from the Pacific region the U.S. hoped to dominate. Impressive Japanese victories over an ineffective Russian military made Roosevelt rethink his support for the war. Fearing a dominant Japan, and hoping to prevent the pillaging of China by yet another foreign power, Roosevelt offered to negotiate a peace between the two rivals. Reluctant at first, a Russia that suffered multiple embarrassing defeats, and a
During The Big Red Scare, America was over-reacting to an impartially lucid fear and being unable to subjugate the foreign enemy; Americans unraveled. In order to back up their falsified claims that communists were everywhere, any person who was indifferent to the persecution of said fear was branded as a likely suspect of communism. The fear of radicals increased and led to the fear of being thought radical. However, this national panic was somewhat justified by the minute threat of socialist and labor union strikes as well as several public outbreaks of violence. These issues took many forms including that of a perverted persecution of anything that the dominant white Protestants deemed as un-American.
He urged citizens to be vigilant so that its power would not be abused by the authorities. During his term, Eisenhower considered the MIC was imperative in order to deter the Soviet Union from becoming more aggressive. He thought that MIC growth was needed to counter the Soviet Union’s nuclear weapon devices, but it confounded him towards the end of his term. Eisenhower powerfully warned the Americans against extravagant military spending in the name of war. He feared and conveyed his disappointments that some officials were taking advantage of the whole situation and were purposely prolonging the fighting for reasons of profit.
The argument of a state of emergency is the loophole that the presidents over time have used to their advantage. Schlesinger says of the Cold War-era presidency, “The imperial presidency was essentially the creation of foreign policy. A combination of doctrines and emotions – belief in permanent and universal crisis, fear of communism, faith in the duty and right of the United States to intervene swiftly in every part of the world – had brought about an unprecedented centralization of decisions over war and peace in the presidency.”(Schlesinger 208). Playing to the constant fear of communism emerging after World War II, presidents have used that as enough of a justification to send our troops away. Surpassing congress by saying we were in imminent danger and essentially, what
He hoped the accusations would provide an ideological justification against King George III that would gain support from colonists over anger issues such as the imposition of taxes without consent and suspension of trial by jury or the hiring of mercenaries. To colonists who feared the economic consequences of severing ties with britain, Paine argued that america could handle its own affairs and avoid the dangers of european wars if freed from british control.While its politics were influenced by enlightenment ideas about the importance of liberty, paine was among the first to articulate the need for america to distance itself from europe. This theme would grow increasingly more significant in american foreign
The Red Scare began after World War 2 had ended. The threat of a Cold War with the Soviet Union was looming over the United States. To ensure that the United States would have support in this Cold War, the Truman Administration took a strongly anti-communist stance on the home
The attack comes without warning and President Harry Truman, with the help of the United Nations, vows to defend democratic South Korea. The Containment Policy stated that the US would support any nation that are being oppressed by communism and cannot protect themselves from it. This became America’s major reason to intervene in the Korean War. However, the policy of containment came under attack due casualties and economic issues that the policy created. One of the major effects that over extended the powers of American foreign policy is that it gave the US a reason to interfere with any war they wanted as long as it involved communism.
Containment was the policy put forth by George F. Kennan, who held that the Soviet Union lacked reasoning and logic (Schaller 976). Containment was the manner to counteract communists uprising and undercut any potential expansion of the Soviet Union 's influence. This approach to communism and Soviet Union’s ambitions would be the core of American foreign policy for forty years(Schaller 976). In one of these early acts to counter the Soviet Union’s objectives, congress approved the release of 400 million dollars towards putting down the rise of communism in Greece(Schaller 976). Across Asia many conflicts would arise, most notably in Korea and Vietnam.
Part two, Covert Action, of Overthrow: America’s Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq, by Stephen Kinzer, presents situations in Iran, Chile, South Vietnam, and Guatemala where covert actions were used to abolish governments that the United States claimed had communist influence and intentions. These threats were misguided, but the excuse was used to justify the actions to the public. The true intention of these interventions was to protect American businesses in foreign countries. These interferences are still causing problems for all countries involved. The actions taken in Iran, Chile, South Vietnam, and Guatemala were all to protect businesses in these countries.
Reagan knew the Soviets couldn’t deploy and maintain such a huge fighting force for long periods of time without digging a deeper hole for themselves. “Reagan in 1989 and 1983 also approved serious of National Security Decision Directive (NSDD) that launch economic warfare campaign against Moscow,” (Sempa 1). The USSR was fighting a two front war one with it economy and one with it military no nation on earth can withstand economic sanctions and militant uprising in communism control territory’s. Reagan knew the quickest way to take out communism once and for all starting with the head of the snake the Soviets. Reagan order “a massive U.S. defense buildup including the SDI program to put more pressure on the Soviets economic resources,” (Sempa 1).
(Gerard et al 58) He was seen as “ another or worse Fidel Castro” by the CIA. (Namikas 146) If he stayed in power, communism would take over the country which would be a global disaster, as thought by the CIA director. (Villafaña 6) Turned to the United States and the Soviet Union because he did not trust Belgium to help for the independence (Namikas