Charles De Gaulle Failure

1948 Words8 Pages
Charles de Gaulle, President of France, was not enthusiastic and objected to letting France administrate its important affairs which eventually brought the 1965 crisis in the communities and finally the Luxembourg Compromise. The right to veto the decisions taken by the community, was granted by this arrangement. The other six countries were compelled to agree with his ideal intergovernmental Europe. The Luxembourg Compromise effected the European Economic Community’s decision-making. The situation of politics in France was a delicate one and therefore General de Gaulle’s desire was to strengthen the politics in France. Another problem which he had to face was decolonisation like Algeria which was fighting for independence. De Gaulle…show more content…
There was also a second draft of the Fouchet Plans. The proposal was made when it was clear that the first would be a failure and it emphasised on intergovernmental formats. In addition, France’s performance was slightly decreased as the European Political Commission would no longer meet in Paris. However, the Fouchet Plan was a collapse. One of the reasons why it failed was that it would have complicated the organization of foreign and defence policies outside the treaty of Rome. West Germany and Italy were preoccupied that this might weaken both the NATO and the EEC. Benelux was unwilling to consider the Fouchet Plan because of the vitality with which de Gaulle and France were pushing the plan and argued that vital decisions should be postponed until the settlement for the British membership of the EEC. De Gaulle’s support for the Fouchet Plan and his ideas for a political unity were more important than Britain’s membership in the EEC as a first priority. Both the Netherlands and Belgium were against any advancement in the directions de Gaulle wished until the issue of Britain’s application had been resolved. Even Walter Hallstein was critical of de Gaulle and tension between the six escalated. The crisis brought the removal of NATO’s centre of…show more content…
We know that the Empty Chair Crisis was seen as a setback to integration as “de Gaulle boycotted the European Institutions because he objected to their plans for more supranational integration.” Afterwards European integration took the road to stagnation with France turning away from the European project. According to Jean Monnet failure was definite from the start. In February 1963 the five member states excluding France signed the Counter-Treaty of the Five. The Empty Chair Crisis led to an important loss of impetus by the community and announced a period of growing instability in diplomatic relations among the six and between France and the United
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