Lee states: “ (...) the pact was not necessary for Russia.” Laqueur, an American historian, argue that “it should not be assumed that without the pact Germany would have attacked Russia.” During 1939 Stalin focused on the Balkan States. In the end of 1939, Stalin launched about 20 Soviet divisions against 15 Finish. However, the Soviets experienced humiliating casualties before they were actually successful in taking the land in the beginning of 1940. From 1940 and the first half of 1941, the relationship between the Soviet Union and Nazi Germany was becoming evidently worse. Hitler, expressed his view on the Winter War (the attack launched against the Finish) and regarded it “entirely unnecessary”.
Their army was reduced to 100,000 men, their navy and air force were restricted, Anschluss with Austria was forbidden and they had to pay reparations of a total of 6.6 billion pounds. Germany was not consulted about this and was forced to sign. Finally, Hitler followed an expansionist policy of Lebensraum, which means living space. This term was used by Nazis to justify their claim to large areas of Russia and Eastern Europe. It was to cater for the growing German population and there are no doubt that Hitler’s aims and objectives contributed to Hitler dominating the diplomatic stage in Europe.
Three reasons why opposing nations should have used collective security is because if Hitler were appeased, then he would continue to imperialise other nations. Secondly, collective security would have been used to stop the growth of power of Adolf Hitler, especially the size of his empire. Lastly, a civil revolution could be created inside of Hitler 's central source of power, Germany, only if force was taken. If nations continued to appease Adolf Hitler while he grew to power, he would continue to imperialise more and more nations. There wouldn’t be anything or anybody to stop him, so why should he stop taking over more land to grow his power.
To inflict this much pain on people is never justifiable. The US should not have dropped the atomic bomb on Japan. It was unnecessary. The war was set to end in other ways anyways. Because of this, the bombs only true purpose was to send a message to the Soviets.
One of Stalin’s main goals for building the blockade was to drive democracy out of the city. But of course that didn’t go as planned. In fact Berlin possibly became even more democratic after the blockade. Soviet authorities finally realized that the allies were determined to stay in Berlin and that the blockade was useless and on May 12, 1949, the blockade was taken down. The airlift continued until September 30, 1949.
The Schlieffen Plan was created by Count von Schlieffen. He made this plan by studying the outcome of the Russian-Japanese war. This plan was very risky and bold, but if it was a success it would put Germany at the top of the military mountain of Europe. But this plan became a failure because Schlieffen thought wrong of the British, French, and the Russians. They underestimated the Triple Entente, Schlieffen plan was designed so the Germans would not have to fight a war on two fronts.
Although he did approve of the bomb, Roosevelt was unconcerned about actually dropping the bomb on Japan. Instead he supported the idea that since Germany was possibly looking into the same type of destructive weapon, the U.S. needed to advance in the field in order to prevent detrimental attacks against them. He had the Great Depression on his hands as well and was less motivated during his time to destroy Japan to end the war more efficiently. On the other hand, Truman saw his opportunity of bringing the United States to the end of the war in a quick manner by releasing the bombs since Japan had no intentions of taking an easy surrender. To prevent going through an invasion, Truman made a hasty decision to drop the bombs.
The Berlin Wall The Berlin Wall was a symbol of the Cold War and a picture of the separation of ideas and government from east and west. The Wall was put up to keep the East Germans from leaving the Soviet half of Berlin and West Germans from bringing their democratic ideas into East Berlin. Although the Soviets built the Wall during the Cold War in an attempt to defend their nation from western ideas invading Eastern Europe, it proved to be the downfall of the Soviet Union and socialism. The Cold War was a competition between the United States and the Soviet Union that started after World War II. This war is called the Cold War because neither sides fired any weapons.
Even with this military build up, and Europe being close to war, Americans wanted nothing to do with it. In fact, according to the article, The 1930’s: Government and Politics: Overview, “ One poll revealed that 64 percent of Americans supported isolationist policies as late as 1937.” Americans still did not want to entangle themselves in European affairs and wars. If America were to get their way, Europe was going to have to deal with the war themselves. However, as tensions grew in Europe, America felt more pressure to help. The allies wanted America to help them and take on a global role.
Other motives for the treaty were to force Germany into paying for costs of the war, as punishment. Germany had not anticipated such harsh punishment because Wilson’s Fourteen Points had not focused on it, instead they believed they would eventually benefit from it. Using the Fourteen Points loosely as a guideline for the peace treaty, The League of Nations, which would later turn into the United Nations, emerged to settle international disputes through negotiation. Ironically, the United States would not join the League. Aside from the financial aspects, the treaty would include a Guilt Clause, which would entail Germany to admit they were at fault for the war.
He also did not to listen to his general Jodl, who was in charge of the combined services command staff, who suggested that he go to Moscow at the beginning of the war. Hitler not listening to Jodl and other military officials caused him not to win over the Soviet Union because when he did decided to go to Moscow
The long fall of communism was a necessity to the nature of history and peace. The point of the USSR was to compete with the United State until it would eventually destroy. Little did they know that the USSR and the rest of the Soviet Union and communist would fall instead because of lacking stability and leader. It was known that the first 2 nuclear powers were making bets that the other wouldn’t attack the other, but they would retaliate if they did. This then called for scientific and industrial advancements, investments, etc.
• Within the next hours, the Germany Army began its western offensive by invading Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands • It was 2 days after that the German military entered France while Britain stood by itself against the onslaught • Churchill then quickly formed a coalition cabinet of leaders from the Labor, Liberal and conservative parties • It was on June 18th, 1940, that Winston made one of his iconic speeches to the House of Commons, the speech was a warning that “the battle of Britain” was about to begin • Winston kept resistance to Nazi dominance alive and created the foundation for an alliance with the Soviet Union and the U.S. • Previously Winston had cultivated a relationship with U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt in the 1930s, and in March of 1941, he was able to secure vital U.S. aid
Woodhouse knew America would not get involved if Iran was nationalizing British oil. Dulles took the CIA to intervene, however, the CIA was never used to overthrow a foreign government. Dulles was excited to overthrow Iran. He was excited to use new tactics instead of sending troops to foreign land. Dulles “thought he might have the tool he needed, a way to shift the balance of world power without resorting to military force (122)”.