The Constitution of the United States was written in 1787, but there was a grapple for its ratification that went on until about two decades after the ratification. Members of Congress believed that the first government of the United States or the Articles of Confederation, needed to be adjusted while others did not want anything to change. After the Revolutionary War, the people did not want a strong central government, because it reminded them too much of what they were trying to escape from. Under the Articles, each state had their own laws, and the need for a new Constitution was desired by many. The Constitution of 1787 created huge debates, arguments and splits in the nation that lasted for several year after its ratification between people who
It was seen as unconstitutional and dictatorial. Since then each party had different views on how the government should be run in regards to interpreting the Constitution. The Jeffersonian Republicans believed in powerful state governments, to establish an agrarian, and decentralized federal government. In a letter to Gideon Granger, a fellow republican and a future cabinet member, he described his belief of a strict analysis or the "preservation of" the federal Constitution for a strong state government. He stated that one government cannot direct all the affairs within the country, but a state government can conduct its affairs more efficiently and productively.
The first essay he talks about the importance for the judiciary system to be separated from the legislative and executive, while the second was his conclusion of how the system should work. He concluded that the judiciary system should be empowered to enforce the laws passed by the congress. In Hamilton’s vision, the judiciary was the weakest of the three branches of the government, through this idea, this branch should be independent, and avoiding the corruption or interference of the other branches in the decisions, according to Hamilton the branch had "neither force nor will but merely
A goal of the French Revolution was that the third estate became eager to have an actual leader that would pay attention to their needs so they because the National Assembly and agreed on the tennis court oath. They also wanted to create a new government but king Louis XVI wouldn’t sign it off so the National Assembly got mad and they overthrew the bastille. The bastille was a jail where all the prisoners were being kept. The third estate created the Declaration of the rights of man and of the citizen to express these goals. The goal of the American Revolution was to get away from the British government and be free.
This was their way of checking each other making them agree on any laws before passing them. This also gave the President the power to veto any acts of congress. This gave us the federal Structure of the government. The House of Representatives were elected by the people. On the 17th of September 1778 thirty nine delegates signed the Constitution though Ben Franklin said (“Thus I consent, Sir, to this Constitution, because I expect no better, and because I am not sure it is not the best”) (Brinkley,
Federalism guards against tyranny, so does the separation of powers, checks and balances, and the House of Representatives and the Senate. Each guard in different, unique ways. All of them do the same job to guard against tyranny. Federalism divides the government into the state and central governments. The division of powers gives each branch of government equal power, while checks and balances allows each branch to check each other.
The executive branch can check the laws congress wants to pass and can veto them if he disagrees. The Legislative branch can check the executive by accepting the already vetoed law and can impeach or fire the president out of office. The Justice Branch can make sure peoples rights and liberties are being followed and check if the laws follow the constitution's rules.In the text, it says “To further limit government power the framers provided for separation of powers the constitution separates the government into three branches Congress of the legislative branch makes the laws. The executive branch headed by the president carries out laws. The Judicial branch composes of the court judges whether actions violate laws and where laws violate constitution" This shows that the separation of powers allows for the branches to constantly check each other and to ensure a fair and equal government.
Ultimately it allowed the founding fathers to recognized the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and fix the shortage of this prestigious paper. As the Constitution was ratified it offered solutions to all the problems the nation was facing and brought all thirteen colonies into one. The Constitution created a system that divided Congress into two houses, first the House of Representatives then the Senate. This helped give people from the smaller states a voice against the bigger states and its people, which lead for equal representation. The ratification also gave the central government more power while Congress gained the power to enforce good interstate relations and regulate trade being made.
They equally have the same amount of power. As in the Judicial branch can govern applying laws that are set up by Congress while, the Executive branch is the president, Vice President, and The Cabinet whose duty is to provide protection against foreign and domestic terrorism in the 50 states. They also Primarily enforce the laws that Congress, but only if the Judicial branch finds those laws to be wrong or unconstitutional. The Legislative branch is basically the House of Representatives and the Senate, their job is to write laws and get the president to not veto their laws so that they can pass. When the President vetoes a law it means
Federalists knew that another self-governing government would only lead to a weak system just like the Articles lead them to failure. Thomas R. Frazier said, “View these things, fellow citizens, and then say that we do not require a new, a protecting, and efficient federal government if you can.” (Doc #1) Frazier is stating that America is in great need of a federal government, that they need educated and knowledgeable people to lead their country. He also means that in order to maintain their freedom and independence they would need a government to protect their rights they fought for. Creating three branches to avoid congress from becoming too powerful and keep everything under control was a much better way than having just one branch like in the Articles of Confederation. Another federalist named Jonathan Elliot said , “ … it is the opinion of this Convention that certain amendments and alterations in the said Constitution would remove the fears and quiet the apprehensions of many of the good people of the commonwealth.” (Doc #6) Elliot is stating that with few alterations, limiting the Constitutions power and allowing the states to make some decisions would change the Anti-Federalists mind and therefore they would create the Bill of rights to limit the
The Constitution divides the political power amongst three separate branches of government, which are Legislative, Executive, and Judiciary. Legislative makes the laws which includes the Congress, House, and Senate. Executive carries out the laws which include the President, Vice President, and the Cabinet. Finally the Judicial evaluates the laws which include the Supreme Court and other Federal Courts. The Affordable Health Care Act also known as Obamacare is new health care reform law, which helps provide Americans with access to quality health insurance and also restrict the healthcare costs in the United States.
If the president vetoes a bill, Congress still has an opportunity to enact the law with an override vote in which both houses decide whether to honor the president 's veto or to enact the law without his signature. An override requires a two-thirds roll call vote of the members who are present in sufficient numbers for a quorum in each chamber. No debate is allowed before the vote on a veto. If both houses override the veto, the bill becomes a public law, having the same effect and power as if approved by the
Instead of editing, however, the 55 delegates rewrote the whole thing into the Constitution, which is still used today. The delegates wrote this Constitution with tyranny in mind; how could the Constitution guard against one person or group from gaining too much power? The Constitution protects against tyranny because the 55 delegates established: federalism, separation of powers, checks & balances, and equal representation. Federalism helps guard against tyranny by making sure not one government has too much power. In Document A, it is clearly stated that James Madison, a main contributor to the Constitution, wanted “[a] compound republic of America” to provide a “double security” for our rights.
The us president can serve up to 8 years max. The president has to win 2 elections to become president for 8 years. The president can also be impeached for his actions or withdraw. The English bill of rights for the illegal for the king to tax and make laws. What the constitution says is that the judicial branch makes the law.
Chapter 2 Unit 3-4(questions 1 and 5) Question 1.The U.S. constitution reflected the Magna Carta and the English bill of rights in many ways. The Magna Carta took away power from parts of the government and dispersed it to many branches just like the constitution divides the power between three branches of government. The English bill of rights added to the magna carta. It bolstered the separation of power as well as adding on to free speech laws. It is similar to the constitution because it allows for what are considered basic rights like that government cannot intervene in a court case.