Prison overcrowding causes destruction within prison walls, with tensions rising and separation within inmates prisons do not seem to be fulfilling their purpose of finding inmates the right help. The U.S also has an issue of spending more money on the incarceration of citizens than the education of their citizens. $70 billion a year is a lot more than this country needs to be spending on corrections, with the grand amount of money issues this country faces there are plenty of other debts to pay. It is time to reconstruct the prison system and find a better solution to this country’s never ending problem. Mass incarceration is hurting the U.S and if we do not fix the issues on the past they will continue to ruin
Besides detainees being directly affected by overcrowded prison, it has an adverse effect on society, due to detainees being victim of recidivism. As agreed by United States Sentencing Commission (2016), “nearly half (49.3%) of such offenders were rearrested within eight years for either a new crime or for some other violation of the condition of their probation or release conditions”. The study additionally states that “almost one-third (31.7%) of the offenders were also reconvicted, and one-quarter (24.6%) of the offenders were reincarcerated over the same study period”. This to imply that society is surrounded by former law-breaker who never got a chance to change their sinful habits. Some of the victim of recidivism, according to United States Sentencing Commission
The overcrowding in prisons itself is a major problem. According to the Crime and Punishment: A History video, in South Carolina more citizens are in prison than any state in America, which have more citizens in prison than any country in the world. Although the population in prisons are getting out of hand, they’re several ways to approach this problem. For instance, getting rid of the
Treatment is dependent on resource availability and demand. More than 50% of the prisoners who underwent pharmacotherapy for mental diseases prior to being incarcerated did not receive medication while in prison. The lack of treatment can have a severe consequences such as rehabilitation failure, recidivism, or even death (Reingle Gonzalez & Connell,
As more members left, the Ku Klux Klan lost their influence and the United States saw more people assimilating African Americans and other ethnic groups. Before the fall of the Ku Klux Klan many members who were tried for their wrong doings were acquitted of their crimes; after the conviction of David C. Stephenson, however, many of his peers followed his path to prison after being fairly tried in court. Due to the scandal they had lost most of their supporters, especially in high branches of government. As a result of this “Louisiana, Michigan, and Oklahoma passed anti-mask laws intended to frustrate Klan activity. Most of these laws made it a misdemeanor to wear a mask that concealed the identity of the wearer, excluding masks worn for holiday costumes or other legitimate uses.
In todays society the increase of violence and crime has lead many people incarcerated causing many prison facility’s to be over crowded. Many prison facility’s are under staff and very low funded to help keep the security, safety, and medical needs of prisoners. According to an article “Mass Incarceration: The Whole Pie” by Peter Wagner and Bernadette Rabuy, every year more then 636,000 people leave prison, but there are over 11 million people entering into prison. In addition, many of these crimes that people committed are mostly drug, alcohol related, and non-violate offenses. In order to keep prisons from being over crowded, courts would have people with minor and non-violent offense be released on probation.
Due to the judicial policies getting tougher on issues such as drug offenses and what they consider felonies, more and more people are going to prison. As of now, the United States has the highest rate of incarcerations. The inmates themselves are not only the only ones affected; 2.8 million children are left behind in the country after their parents are arrested (The Effects of Parental Incarceration on Children: Needs and Responsive Services). Children of incarcerated parents do not really get the attention they need, leaving them to face many problems alone. These children tend to develop mental illnesses, awkward social skills, and they function very different than a child with a normal home setting.
Nature is hereditary and Nurture is environmental, you are not born to be a bad person or criminals. ¨Approximately 20 percent of inmates in jails and 15 percent of inmates in state prisons have a serious mental illness¨. Based on the total number of inmates, this means that there are approximately 356,000 inmates with serious mental illness in jails and state prisons. This is 10 times more than the approximately 35,000 individuals with serious mental illness remaining in state hospitals. The other percent of people that are in prison or in jail is because of the bad choice that have been made and if we were able to rehabilitate them instead of punishing them we could have fewer
The illegal drug industry took charge in the 1970s. Violence increased and illegal drug trade started. Although the external debt crisis affected much of Latin America, Colombia was able to grow almost 3 times faster than the Latin American average.Yet, violence restrained economic growth and drugs distorted the economy. Hundreds of bombs exploded in Colombian cities in the 80s. A rebel conflict occurred in which Union Patriotica; a left-wing political party, had over 3,500 members killed or taken by paramilitaries.
“Unfortunately, research has consistently shown that time spent in prison does not successfully rehabilitate most inmates, and the majority of criminals return to a life of crime almost immediately (Vaccarello).” The judicial system is set up for humans to recommit crimes because they are not giving the proper rehabilitation while in prison. Rehabilitation can prevent recidivism, helps
Over the years budget crises have forced many states to re-examine budgets, starting with the cost of maintaining their prison and jail systems. The United States has the largest prison population with about two million prisoners. To try and make a plan for the large population and some budget cuts, politicians want to change some of the parole policies and are trying to get some of the criminal laws revised for some drug offenders and white collar criminals. Due to the fact that the politicians are undecided the have put work release programs and strict parole release into effect. Prison is a place for people who break the law should be detained, but if the prisoner has twelve months or less until their release date, and show that they have been
From the infamous Rockefeller Drug laws that sentenced people to the mandatory 15 year sentence for possession or selling of drugs to the militarization of your local police station, the War on Drugs effect has been felt nearly everywhere in the country. Negatively affected with the drawn out War on Drugs, African-Americans still suffer from its effects
Most people in the United States each year go the prison and keep there for non-violent crime, such as drug related offenses. This issue has affected many family’s life for many years and caused the prisoners to deprive from many of their rights. Lacking the appropriate policies for keeping drug related offenses in prison has been a public health crisis and created a new addiction, like penchant for locking people up in prison. The author in this article “prison addiction: why mass incarceration policies must change.” discusses about lacking the appropriate policies for incarceration for non-violent drug related offenses. In this regard, he points that this issue has been part of public health crisis, and many families live in poverty with
Because budget cuts have caused many mental health institutions to shut down, court and law officials have been led to place these mentally ill offenders in jails that do not have the equipment and staff necessary to help treat them (Glazer n.pag.). Instead, the mentally ill offenders are simply placed in solitary confinement, causing their condition or illness to worsen over time (Glazer n.pag.). In many cases,
Mass Incarceration and Minority Communities Mass incarceration within the United State of America is a controversial topic in politics today because of the negative effects it has on minority communities. “The United States leads the world in the percentage of its population that serves time in prison or jail.1,2 As of 2012, nearly 7 million men and women are on probation, parole, or under some other form of community supervision, which means that nearly 3% of the American adult population is currently involved in correctional supervision,” (Hatzenbuehler, Keyes, Hamilton, and Uddin, 2015). How does it affect the minority communities? According to the NAACP’s website “African American and Hispanics comprised 58% of all prisoners in 2008,