The Pros And Cons Of The United Nations Security Council

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Established in 1945 after the World War II, United Nations Security Council is the most powerful organ among the six organs in United Nations with the authorized power to issue legally binding resolutions. This council consists of 15 members, 5 Permanent Members – the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Russia and China – and 10 Non-Permanent Members voted by the UNGA for 2 years term. According to the charter, the responsibility of UNSC is to maintain international peace and security. It determines the threat to peace and act of aggressor; moreover, it investigates any disputes between the UN Member states. The United Nations Security Council also has the military force to prevent or stop the aggressor. Essentially, the council generates Peacekeeping Operation or applies a sanction to member states. In addition, the P5 of the UNSC have the veto power which allows them to veto against any resolutions within the UN. However, there have been far too many concerns over the skeptical roles of the UNSC in the 21st century. The P5 seem to use their powers mostly for pursuing their own interest. Furthermore, the actions initiated by the council are mostly inefficient in response to international issues. Therefore, this paper is designed to illustrate reasons why the UNSC should be reformed.
The first and foremost factor to why the UNSC should be reformed is because the veto power used within the council only revolves around the permanent members’ interests. By 1990s, one

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