Two major strikes that occurred were the Pullman Strike and the Homestead Strike. Both strikes were very dangerous and had millions of dollars of damage. Some of the strikes and boycotts did work and wages were raised, however some backfired and many workers ended up losing their
The United States of America was built from the ground up through the labor of immigrants and slaves, yet has a history of discrimination against both. Moreover, resentment towards the latter escalated during the Industrial Revolution because citizens felt that their jobs were being robbed by immigrants. To restrict them, they first created the Chinese Exclusion Act which banned Chinese immigration for ten years, stemming from “economic and cultural tensions, as well as ethnic discrimination” (History State). Many of these foreigners fled their countries due to religious persecution, poverty, and political persecution. Therefore, citizens and foreigners had the same goals: freedom and the ability to support their families.
They worked long hours, generally six days a week, and their wages were barely enough to sustain a family. The factories were unsafe and many workers suffered permanent injuries. Unions and strikes were illegal, making improvements for workers impossible. Marx and Engels defined these workers, the proletariat, as “a class, of laborers, who live only so long as they find work, and who find work only so long as their labor increases capital.” The proletariat was the foundation of Russia’s industry. Yet, Tsar Nicholas II refused to acknowledge their grievances, nor did he implement measures to improve their working conditions.
By the same token, the Germans weren 't the only foreigners to face issues in the wake of moving to the United States. While working at the mines, Chinese were routinely robbed and were only paid $27 a month while Irish immigrants earned $35 for the same work (Wandrei, n.d.). Many whites likewise started to see the Chinese as crooks, mostly on account of an ascent in the number of Chinese prostitutes. This brought about a progression of laws limiting migration. (Wandrei,
Ellis Island, opening in 1892, was a federal immigration station that helped restrict immigration. It ran for more than sixty years and granted legal immigrant status for millions of Americans. Ellis Island came out of the demand from the American people to prevent Southern and Eastern Europeans from inhabiting the United States and all of the negative consequences of their residency. The influx of immigrants caused agitation among the American native-born. Between 1880 and 1920, America had more than twenty million immigrants, and many of them seized the jobs of native born Americans since they were willing to work for less.
In movies and media, building explosion being portrayed as an incredible sight to see however, what most people do not remember that it is a horrific experience that forever imprint onto the viewers. In 1886, a cigar box manufacture unexpectedly caught in an explosion that injured many young man, woman, and children. During 1880s factories are made up of large brick house that consisted of multiple stories high with big windows as the source of light. While workers and business owners knew that the working conditions are not safe, there were not many policy in America to help the workers during this time period. The Gilded Age era begins from 1870s and lasted to 1890s in the United States.
Throughout the book, Jurgis had to constantly switch jobs because of accidents that laid him off work. No jobs was available to Jurgis except the fertilizer mill. The job at the fertilizer is the worse of it can be, Jurgis describes “...the phosphates soaked in through every pore of jurgis’s skin and in five minutes he had a headache, and in fifteen was almost dazed. the blood was pounding in his brain like an engine’s throbbing ……”(108). The fertilizer mill Jurgis is working at is extremely unsafe.
Dust and depression swept through America at an alarming rate. The devastation and poverty caused during this era will haunt this countries history forever. However, factual history is hard to attain for each historian, writer, or even photographer tells his or her own story. The terrible storms shook the nation to its foundation and sent thousands of people to new lands in search of work and a better life. The Dust Bowl, the migrations, and the search for true factual evidence will shape the accounts of this dark era.
In the following quote from the Homestead strike reading is a reflection of what happened, “The Battle at Homestead will be remembered as an occasion where human greed and civil rights collided and neither one came out on top” The Homestead strike made the Industrial Revolution more harmful because it lost many lives that didn’t need to be lost. Carnegie company was one of the richest ever and it couldn’t afford to give poor men and women a small pay raise. Also, they created a horrible situation by sending in the Pinkertons to do their dirty work. The amazing thing is that Frick had a huge mansion ten miles away but he still had to starve families. In conclusion, the violent labor disputes made the industrial revolution more harmful and lost unnecessary
(Victorian era) Children would get jobs in factories like chasing items underneath large machinery.. This was very dangerous and it was not uncommon for a child to lose a limb or die. (Victorian era) They also got jobs as coal mine workers and chimney sweeps because they were small and could fit places adults couldn’t go. (Victorian era) These jobs were also dangerous because sometimes kids would get stuck and die. Then the government started to address the problems with child labor.
During this time, the railroad became a massive industry, not just for transportation, but also for production building of the railroads. Industrial workers were a major working force, however, with this boom, a few people came to hold a majority of the wealth while the masses lived in poverty. During this time, laws were severely needed to control the corrupt corporations that ignored the masses. The railroads spanned the whole continent, which lead the opening of settling west. When Lincoln was assassinated in 1865, only 35,000 miles of steam railways were contracted, but by 1900, there were 192,556 miles of railway.
Railroad Strike of 1877 1877 In the late nineteenth century, the railroad industry was booming. But it’s growth was followed by labor arguments, including the Great Railroad Strike of 1877. This strike was the first major rail strike, and it was disputed with enough violence to bring in various state militias. The Strike began when northern railroads cut salaries and wages because they still felt the impact of the Panic of 1873. The cuts were met with strikes and violence, but the railroads fought back with even more pay cuts, like the Pennsylvania Railroad lowering all wages by ten percent.
Both the AFL and the Knights had labor unions involved with them.Another simmalerity is nether accepted unskilled labor such as factory workers. For instance you are under the protection if you are a plumber however if you are a simple factory worker you were on your own. However they are very different in terms of getting what they wanting one was all for boycotts and strikes, the other were negotiators. Yet
It is a difficult task to challenge the social and economic policies of a country, especially one as patriotic as the United States during the post wartime Red scare era of the 1920 's. labor unions could account for this as they saw their membership fall from a high of 5 million in the 1920s to a mere 3.6 million by 1923(Rosenzweig 353). A combination of Supreme court decisions, Employer pressures and in many cases a lack of a strong leadership seen in previous individuals like Samuel Gompers contributed to this.Yet this trend surprisingly didn’t remain consistent as the great depression emerged around the 1930s.In fact they tripled there membership during the 1930s(Rosenzweig 429).They opened up, recruiting millions of women in their causes
The first Japanese Americans emigrated to the U.S. mostly as the second or third sons of the family in search of a new economic future similar to other immigrants. Primogeniture was still in practice in the late 1800’s, so the eldest son inherited the entire estate, leaving the other sons at the mercy of their own resourcefulness. These fortune seekers settled along the western states as farmers and farm laborers amid high anti-Chinese sentiment. They’re willingness to work for lower wages in poor conditions created a split labor market and as a result, they endured extreme hostility and physical attacks from union members representing the manufacturing and service industries. They experienced legal discrimination in the forms of denial of citizenship and denial of land ownership as non-whites.