Women are not paid less because they choose lower paying jobs. The difference between the pay gap or position in a company given to women is due to their race and the simple fact that they are women. Discrimination against women in the labor field has not declined in recent years. It has increased considerably, making it impossible for women in many places to succeed. Even if they have the same preparation as men.
The Gender Wage Gap Did you know that women would have to stay at least ten more years in the workforce to earn the same amount as men? All through history, discrimination has been a constant blight on human existence; whether it is race, gender, or religion. Unfortunately, when both genders have the same experience, are equally trained, and possess the same degree the pay is not equal. Women and men are not treated equally in the workplace, even though it is the twenty-first century. Women working full-time, year-round earn a median salary of $41,554 compared to men 's median salary of $51,640 (Semega).
Statistics show that men and women who work more than 40 hours a week, women make 88 cents for every dollar men earn. But for men and women who work for 30 to 35 hours a week, the pay gap is actually negative, i.e. women make 1.09 dollars for every dollar men earn. Does that still mean that the wage gap is a result of sex
Part of this may be attributable to the fact that women are more likely to exit the workforce, and if they do reenter, it is usually for part time work. Part time work now makes up almost 40% of the entire workforce. In 2012, of the 18.13 million temporary workers in Japan, 12.47 million were women. Those working part-time jobs also earn on average 38 percent less per hours than those who work full time jobs. This is troubling to the Japanese economy because it goes against one of the five main macroeconomic goals, income distribution, which is the equal distribution of income and wealth in a nation.
Which side will win, many states and politicians want the higher minimum wage. What will really happen if this becomes true will it make certain companies go out of business or will they adapt to cut jobs so we may be back at the starting point all over again.. Who will really win at what expense. The minimum wages for each state varies and some of those states most people are struggling to support themselves and their families. I live and work in Ohio the minimum wage is under eight dollars and many of those jobs and companies do not offer a forty hour a week schedule. Not to sure even if you work forty hours a week how much better you will become.
In the 1970s, the wage gap decreased because “women’s progress in education and workforce participation” (Miller, 2018). However currently there is still a wage gap: for every dollar a man makes a woman makes eighty cents for same job – on average. What is being seen recently is that intersectionality plays a vital role in the wage gap as well; not only are women being paid less than men, but some races of women are being paid less than others. It was discovered that “among full-time workers in 2016, Hispanic or Latina, black or African American, American Indian or Alaska Native (AIAN), and Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander (NHPI) women had lower median annual earnings compared with non-Hispanic white and Asian women” (Miller, 2018). It was also revealed that Asian women have the smallest wage gap when compared to men and that Hispanic women have the largest wage gap when compared to men.
Given the fact that it wasn’t until nineteen seventy-nine when we first established that we needed to end the discrimination against females, we are doing pretty good. More young girls around the world now have the privilege of getting an education and more women are not only working and providing money for the family but are also in high positions of power, and the same goes for the wage gap (even though it is still very ridiculous). In nineteen seventy- four, women made fifty-nine cents for every dollar earned by a man; that is almost half the wage in difference, however women of color are currently still earning less. In around forty years we have managed to raise the wage gap up by twenty percent. We still have another twenty one percent to go, but does that also mean it will take up to another forty years?
Gender pay gap are divided into two components, explained and unexplained components. The pay gap has reduced 16.3 percent since 1998 which has come to a halt since the last decade. Occupational and industrial segregation (where women are overrepresented in a female dominated occupation) and educational factors (studying for women friendly occupations such as food and beverage services, childcare and old age care jobs) are known to be the contributing factors in the differences between the male and female wage gap. The gap is estimated to be 20 percent of the explained contributing factors and 80 percent of the unexplained contributors as “these are the harder to measure factors, like conscious and unconscious bias – impacting negatively on women’s recruitment and pay advancement – and differences in men’s and women’s choices and behaviours” (Ministry for Women, 2017). These factors lead to glass ceiling effect which works as an invisible barrier that disadvantages women in rising to attain the position if authority in workplaces and organisations in New Zealand and in countries around the world (Nugent,
Second, when women have kids their employers assume they will work less so they pay them less. Even when women show up to work often after they have kids, they still get paid less. As you get older the pay gap increases. According to statistics people within the ages of 55-64 have a 74% pay gap (Miller). Women also get sexually harassed at work and when they try to speak up, they face unfair consequences.