The Pros And Cons Of Transnational Entrepreneurship

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1. Introduction 1.1 Background Resulting from the globalisation and economic integration, an increasing number of individuals started to migrate to other countries and among of those people, a great number of people choose to engage in entrepreneurship after they have relocated and settled in the host country (Decker, A 2015). The Netherlands, among all the western countries, has become one of the most attractive countries for immigrants. According to Vermeulen & Penninx, (2000), immigration exceeded emigration in the Netherlands starting from the beginning of the 1960s. In Ruainovic’s immigration entrepreneurship study (2006), among all the immigrants, Chinese immigrant have been seen as the most active as entrepreneurs in comparison to the other ethnic groups in the Netherlands, accounting for 15.7% of the self-employment rates among non-western immigrants in the Netherlands in the year of 2003 (Bijl et al, 2005, cited in Ruainovic, 2006, p 22). The phenomenon of transnational entrepreneurs has become inevitable in this fast changing world. It has attracted interest from scholars and literature on immigrants’ entrepreneurship has increased as well. There was one particular type of the entrepreneurs, who establish their ventures by mobilizing their cross-country social networks as an alternative form of economic adaptation of foreign minorities in advanced societies (Portes, Guarnizo and Haller, 2002) and they were referred as transnational entrepreneurs. Transnational

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