EFFECTS OF CHILDHOOD TRAUMA ON THE BRAIN. People who suffer a traumatic childhood most often grow up scarred from the experience. They suffer both psychological and emotional distress from the memories hanging around their minds from the traumatic experience. These kind of people often times have the most tendencies to suffer from depression, self isolation and even the likelihood of suicide as a result of their childhood experience. Studies have been made into why childhood trauma affects the adult life of its victim.
“Complex trauma (i.e., exposure to chronic, interpersonal trauma in childhood) has been associated with structural and functional alterations in brain development, which in turn can result in cognitive and neuropsychological deficits” (Gabowitz, Zucker & Cook, 2008, p. 163). Typically, complex traumatic experiences begin in childhood and refer not only to the child’s exposure to the event but also the impact of these exposures on development (Gabowitz et al., 2008; Lawson, Davis & Brandon, 2013). Such exposures include repeated incidence of abuse (sexual, emotional and physical); neglect; loss; and witnessing domestic violence over an extended period of time (Gabowitz et al., 2008; Lawson et al., 2013). Ongoing childhood trauma has adverse
Feeling unwanted as well as being too eager to please others display signs of mental or emotional damage. If they are emotionally damaged this can cause a child to have; low self-esteem, become antisocial as well as be constantly depressed or face anxiety at an early age. All of these signs can leave a lasting impact on the child’s life, positively and negatively, yet mostly
They encounter very dangerous people that have killed or are willing to kill. They have to walk into a killer's house and search for then and the killer could be behind any corner and shoot them. There are some people that get kidnaped and survive and they have to live with those emotional scars for the rest of their lives. It is extremely hard on children. The survivors of a kidnapping often develop a type of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Victims of sexual assault may suffer from unwanted pregnancies, the risk of sexually transmitted diseases, depression, flashbacks, substance abuse and self-harm. Feelings of vulnerability, fear, grief, anger, and social shame may take over victims of psychological harm. Post-traumatic stress disorder can also be a result of psychological harm. Physical and psychological harms are impossible to calculate, they may last temporarily or a lifetime. On top of physical and psychological effects, victims may also face more suffering from secondary victimization.
Repressed Memories: Causes, Mechanisms, & Coping Strategies In some cases, individuals may experience a traumatic event that causes a strong stress response via the sympathetic nervous system, that memory of the events becomes repressed, and generates negative emotions lead to intense sensations of: anger, depression, fear, guilt, hopelessness, or shame. These emotions didn’t interfere with cognitive function and memory processing, and cause a” gap” or lapse in memory surrounding the time of the trauma, makes some individuals forget significant details surrounding the traumatic event, while others may forget the entire experience. This memory that submerged beneath conscious perception is called “repressed memory”. What are repressed memories?
It is common for children to develop certain fears, such as fears of separation and abandonment or recurrence of the traumatic event, and feel unsafe. They may also feel helpless, sad and experience trauma-related guilt or even anger. Regression and reenactment of trauma in play may also be observed (Gaffney, 2008) Unwanted intrusive thoughts were also reported in children following natural disasters (Sprung,
Years may past by and they may still not say anything about it. Up until adulthood, victims may experience flashbacks and may experience all the feelings again which they felt at the
This train of thought needs to be stopped. Victims can be harmed physically and/or mentally. Dr. Colleen Cullen states “ for victims of sexual harassment, the most common diagnoses are depression, anxiety, and even post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)” (Spector). Sexual harassment can trigger the body much like a trauma, which the body may not know how to deal with. Spector says what can happen when a body does not know how to deal with trauma; “physical symptoms can run the gamut, manifesting as muscle aches, headaches, or even chronic physical health problems such as high blood pressure and problems with blood sugar” (Spector).
Child abuse is a very sensitive subject because it is not only something that is personally horrifying but that it may literally kill someone. Child abuse, Parental neglect, and childhood traumatic experiences are all factors that may contribute to the individual’s adult life. Some cases may cause a person to cave and commit suicide or to become a drug addict and turn to substance abuse in order to cope with their feelings. Some cases may cause them to realize the right way to live and they may make a better life for themselves despite having gone through hell and back to achieve it. From a social lense healthy family structures provide essential support and love that is much needed to a growing child.