Ultrasound can be used as an alternative to x-ray for many investigations to minimize the use of radiation. The utility of ultrasound in the NICU lies in its portability, reliability and lack of radiation exposure. In NICU, ultrasound can be used for a wide range of indications, such as research, proceed guidance and rapid assessment of critical emergencies. In addition, ultrasound can be a guidance to improve safety and success rate of clinical procedures, such as umbilical vein catheter (UVC) placement. Given its availability and reliability, ultrasound can be used frequently and longitudinally to follow-up certain procedure.
Abstract — Brain magnetic resonance (MR) segmentation algorithms are critical to analyze tissues and diagnose edema and tumor in a quantitative way. The primary aim of brain image segmentation is to partition a given brain image into different regions representing anatomical structures. In this paper, we present a new effective segmentation algorithm that segments brain MR images into tumor, edema, white matter (WM), gray matter (GM), and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). The detection of the healthy tissues and the diseased tissues are performed for examining the change caused by the spread of tumor and edema on healthy tissues is very important for treatment planning. We developed an algorithm for skull stripping before the segmentation process.
Radiation therapy is not necessarily better than chemotherapy or surgery, as it has both benefits and risks. Instead, choosing the right treatment depends on the case of each individual patient. Chemotherapy, which utilizes drugs delivered to the entire body, prevents the cancer cells from spreading. On the other hand, surgery and radiation therapy target one specific area. Often times, patients will undergo chemotherapy or radiation therapy to shrink the tumor before getting surgery to remove it entirely.
Hispathology The pathological characteristic or features of Angiocentric Glioma are quite similar to other types of brain tumors such as astrocytomas and ependymomas. Yet, their occurrences are rare in cases and this make accurate diagnosis difficult. In general, Angiocentric Glioma is demonstrating an angiocentric pattern and it composed of diffusely infiltrating, monomorphic, bipolar spindle cells which is arranged in around blood vessels in concentric sleeves and pseudorosettes. Plus, the immunohistochemical staining result for this tumor is typically positive mostly for glial fibrillary acidic protein. CASE STUDY PATIENT DEMOGRAPHIC’S
When new x-ray equipment is procured, the ideal situation is that a specification is laid down, as far as possible, concerning performance, safety and other characteristics of the system. 4.3 Training of radiographers and physicians Image analysis.Training is needed to notice a pattern especially when there is more than one cue. Both radiographers and physicians need to focus on suspicious areas such as the lightness of an image, the gray scale or blurriness of the image taking into account the neonates’ pathology or specific region of interest chest/abdomen. An image critique form can be used for this. 4.4 Improving technical charts A radiographic technique chart should be available for use with every mobile machine.
(2) Orbscan: (A) Screening for subclinical keratoconus: The data depicted and displayed by the Orbscan system have added a very important value to the diagnostic tools that may detect early keratoconus. The early diagnosis of subtle changes is critical for the evaluation candidates for laser vision correction, as well as providing early diagnosis and sensitive follow up of progression in the era of procedures designated to stabilize the corneal shape such as cross-linking. Being the first widely spread “catch-all” corneal topographer that provides posterior corneal surface mapping, Orbscan introduced a new era in refractive surgery and keratoconus diagnosis. Thus, the topography of anterior corneal surface became insufficient in
Ultrasound identified 2 enlarged lymph nodes (Images 1B, 1C). Courtesy: Javier Santisteban-Ponce. Immunohistochemistry may reveal B henselae in tissues that surround necrotic areas. Advanced techniques in molecular biology (eg, polymerase chain reaction analysis) exist for diag- nosis of CSD, though are expensive and less available. TREATMENT AND PREVENTION If follow-up is possible, then some immunocompetent hosts with typi- cal CSD may be managed expectantly.
Nowadays, healthcare industry widely applies health information technologies (IT) in clinical care to cut back method inefficiencies, control growth of costs and improve the quality of care (1). Therefore, different computerized systems, softwares, and websites are designed for clinical decision-making aids, production of new knowledge, enhancing public health information, and raising the standard of health care. Although, health IT can promote the capability of diagnosis, treatments and have other potential benefits, additionally increases the healthcare complexity (2). This complexity will affect patient safety and quality by increasing the risk of human error (3, 4), and in some cases it may track through design features (2, 5). The
The prenatal diagnostics and prenatal screening being routine procedures should be considered as advantage of modern medicine. It helps to reveal wide spectrum of fetus abnormal conditions, but not only congenital defects and malformations. Early detection of many of them could help to perform surgical correction and necessary management as soon as possible in order to save newborns’ lives. On the other hand, this method is widely discussed and it has many opponents, and in some countries prenatal diagnostic procedures is not considered now as a screening method. Main ethical issues are terminations of pregnancies in case of malformations, which may be supposed as eugenical abortion, inform consent and problem of decision-making process.
Brain Tumors Can Be Defeated With Multi-Disciplinary Approach The brain is a sophisticated, elegant and an elaborate mass of tissue and nerve cells. It seamlessly controls our senses, our personality, helps regulate vital body functions and controls how we move in our surroundings. When abnormal cells grow in the brain to develop a tumor, it can disrupt how we function and will require the ‘right’ treatment considerations that balance how the tumor is treated with how well our brain operates. Right treatment for brain tumor, however, needs a multi-disciplinary approach including intensive rehabilitation and post operative care, which is rarely available under a single roof. To understand more about brain tumors and its care, let’s first
There are numerous parts for cardiovascular ultrasound throughout potentially cardiotoxic cancer treatment regimens. Primarily, prior to potentially cardiotoxic chemotherapy, echocardiography can safeguard that patients do not already have diminished cardiac function. Subsequently, throughout chemotherapy, cardiovascular ultrasound can monitor ventricular function to eliminate chemotherapy-induced dysfunction. Preceding, the follow-up treatment, cardiovascular ultrasound can regulate new symptoms that are potentially caused from cardiac disease. Initial discovery of diminished ventricular function permits adjustments in the chemotherapy regimen, either by increasing the break amid doses or by reducing the total cumulative dose of a theoretically toxic agent.
Patients may also be treated with radiation, immunotherapy, chemotherapy or targeted therapy. At this stage the disease is very hard to cure due to metastasis. Recently the plan of treatment for stage IV tumors has changed. Newer forms of targeted drugs and immunotherapy have proven to be more effective than chemotherapy. Immunotherapy drugs such as ipilimumab, pembrolizumab, and nivolumab have been shown to help some people suffering from advanced forms of melanoma live longer, although, some of these drugs have severe side
Later stages of malignant melanoma can mean metastization to the lungs, liver, brain, and even bones. If the tumor has begun in the lymph nodes they will have to be removed surgically. In other areas, the tumor may not be able to be removed and will have to be treated with radiotherapy or chemotherapy. Many different factors play into the cure and survival rate for malignant melanoma. The thickness of the tumor, how early in its development it’s caught, where it is located, even gender (women have a higher survival rate), all play a role in survival of a malignant melanoma.
The most ideal approach found for this goal was “nanobiotechnology-based” delivery. A big way that this technique has been used is to aid in the delivery of drugs and biological therapeutics for brain tumors across the blood brain barrier. This transport still has limitations, but the future expectations for the
With the uberization of healthcare and telehealth we often feel overwhelmed by the push for telehealth. As independent advisors, Ingenium Telehealth Consultants will work with you to determine which services will be successful, appropriate and the best way to integrate technology into the care delivery processes. Several benefits have been identified as a result of telehealth services being introduced. Increase the accessibility of and to professional caregivers Increase the quality and continuity of care to patients Increase the focus on preventive medicine through early intervention Reduce the overall cost of healthcare Education and training Contrary to vendor solutions, one size does not fit all. At Ingenium Telehealth, we are vendor