The Pros And Cons Of Utilitarianism

889 Words4 Pages
As a utilitarian, you must follow the principle of utility - that is, every action must be optimific, in that they must do more to improve overall well-being for every living species than any other possible action that could have been taken. In order to define whether an action is optimific, one would first determine what is intrinsically good; those being happiness, autonomy, knowledge, and virtues. A utilitarian only values happiness overall. Next, one must determine what is intrinsically bad, and examples of those are physical pain, mental anguish, sadistic impulses, and the betrayal of innocent lives; though, utilitarianism finds faring poorly in life as intrinsically bad. Once everything is defined, one must now weigh their options, and evaluate the outcome of the actions. Finally, one must choose the option that permits the greatest balance of good overall, so to choose any other action would be considered immoral. That being said, a utilitarian does not always have to choose the option that benefits the most people, since the goal is to bring about the least amount of misery; besides, the benefit of helping the majority may bring a greater cost of well-being to the minority. Additionally, utilitarianism is associated with consequentialism, as they both concur that the results of one 's actions signify whether it was morally right or wrong. In doing so, they must consider the effects to as far as they go into the future. Furthermore, the flexibility of utilitarianism
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