The oil spill later on caused a collapse of the Pacific Herrings’ population because nearly half of their eggs laid in 1989 were exposed to the oil (Liszka 1-30). These deadly outcomes changed their environment
“An average person takes about 12 steps before they litter. ”(“Eye-Opening Statistics”). This is a shocking statistic. An average person shouldn’t even litter, littering harms the environment in many ways. It harms the oceans, each year about 300,000 dolphins die because the government throws the trash littered into the oceans.
Nearly 11 million gallons of oil was spilled into the Gulf of Alaska. That’s as much as 125 Olympic-size swimming pools. Secondly, the Exxon Valdez oil spill covered 1,300 square miles, damaging many different ecosystems. The spill killed many animals, including 250,000 seabirds, 2,800 otters, and 300 harbor seals. It also killed 250 bald eagles, 22 killer whales, and countless salmon and herring.
Fifteen thousand spectators gathered to watch the inferno and the thousands of barrels of crude oil which flowed through Long Beach streets like a river. A storage tank failure was ruled as the cause of the explosion which was the worst accident in the history of the Signal Hill oil field. The victims of the Richfield disaster are not buried at either Sunnyside or the Municipal Cemetery, but there are oil workers who are.
Because environmental, weather- related disasters and war have claimed the lives of many people, these events have had the greatest impact in history Some environmental disasters include oil spills and explosions. The Exxon Valdez was a cargo ship, carrying 1,264,155 barrels of oil, which ran ashore Bligh Reef, in March 1989. Over 200 miles of land was enveloped in oil and stretched about 1,300 miles across the shore line. Not only were thousands of fish, sea otters and bird remains found but billions of dollars were consumed in the cleaning up process.
Besides the effect it had on the BP company, it was much more disastrous on the environment. During the BP spill it was predicted that over two-hundred millions of oil were pumped into the Gulf for at least eight-seven days, deeming it one of the largest oil spills in American history. Over sixteen-thousand miles of coastline have been affected and while the oil was capped in 2010. Oil still seems to
In 2005 the world was shaken by a horrible storm that hit our coast. Hurricane Katrina was a category five storm that tore through the Gulf Coast. The storm occurred August 23rd, 2005 until August 31st, 2005. Hurricane Katrina was one of the deadliest hurricanes to ever hit the United States. An estimated 1,833 people died in the hurricane and the flooding that followed in late August 2005, and millions of others were left homeless along the Gulf Coast and in New Orleans (Zimmerman).
This specifically goes against the Doctrine of Public Trust, a concept made to protect waters of the public. Fracking industries are spoiling the people 's water with chemicals unsafe to ingest or wash with/in. These chemicals are too dangerous to outweigh the positive benefits. Another environmental issue fracking causes is man made earthquakes happening only after fracking sites are set up. It was found out that the disposal wells pumped with used fracking chemical water are creating these man-made earthquakes.
Bacteria and metals spread through the floodwaters, and the storm destroyed acres of forestry while leaving the Gulf Coast highly polluted with crude oil. According to Gale, “An estimated 6.5 million gallons of crude oil, as well as fuel from cars, boats, gas stations, and households, was spilled… Floodwaters also tested positive for E. Coli bacteria and heavy metals… The coastal marshes, which act as a natural barrier and protect the coastline from tidal surge, were also destroyed” (Gale). The oil spill, which was considered to be one of the worst oil spills in the country’s history, significantly destroyed the biodiversity of the Gulf Coast: beaches, marine animals, and marshlands that protected the coast from storm surges as a natural barrier.
Marine life affected by an oil spill are at risk for disrupted growth, development, and reproduction. They are prone to tissue damage, a disrupted immune system and a change in swimming ability and behaviors. The 2010 BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico was deemed the worst oil spill in US history. According to a study by NRDC, the BP oil spill killed more than 1,000 sea turtles, and left more than 2,000 stranded, compared to an average 240 stranded annually. Over 1 million birds, and up to 5,000 marine mammals also lost their lives in the disaster.
August 29th, 2005, a category 5 hurricane made land fall along the United States Gulf Coast. Hurricane Katrina is considered to be one of the most destructive hurricanes the U.S. has ever incurred; displacing hundreds of thousands from their homes throughout Louisiana, Mississippi, and Alabama. Consequently the U.S. economy was greatly impacted from the desolation that Hurricane Katrina inflicted. Katrina stretched over 400 miles across with wind speeds up to 100-140 mph; more than 2,000 lives were lost and over 90,000 square miles of the U.S. were affected.
Hurricane Sandy Nearly 300 lives were taken when Hurricane Sandy hit the Caribbean and the East Coast of the United States. It lasted around 2 weeks wiping out houses, businesses, and much more. The hurricane happened in 2012. It started on October 22nd and ended November 1st.
The toxic chemicals released from extraction were poisoning clean water sources. This lead to increasing cases of cancer, hyperthyroidism, lupus, and renal failure in people located in areas near the present pipeline. These effects clearly show the vast hazard this oil presents for the environment and society. In conclusion, as stated and proven throughout this essay, the Keystone pipeline creates many environmental issues.
The use of hydraulic fracking has been around since the 1940’s to extract small batches of natural gas. It was not until 2003 that the fracking process started extracting large quantities of natural gas and oil. Today, there is major controversy over the idea that hydraulic fracturing may or may not be harmful to the earth. One side says it is safe to use hydraulic fracking, others state that it is dangerous to society. Many people believe fracking is harmful to the environment because it pollutes the air and water and can possibly inject harmful chemicals in the earth.