The Reformation was a religious revolution in the 16th-century that resulted in a schism within Western Christianity between the Roman Catholic Church and the newly established Protestant churches. The likes of Martin Luther and John Calvin, among others, exercised significantly important roles in the Reformation’s development. The Reformation effectively separated the peoples of Western Europe into two opposing religious blocs, Protestants and Catholics. Traditionally, the Reformation has been considered to be a turning-point in history as Europe was plunged into centuries of conflict, disagreement, and violence. Two distinct national traditions offer an analysis of the vast consequences that the Reformation had upon Western Europe; that is,
In the early 1500’s the main religion throughout Europe was Catholicism. As time went on more people started to doubt the religion for numerous reasons. Some of which consisted of corrupt priests, indulgences, or buying a ticket to heaven, punishment for other beliefs, and the church’s interference with the monarch. Because of this, heresies became popular. With disillusion rising a Protestant Reformation began.
The Catholic Church’s flawed ideas on how people should prove themselves worthy of God’s protection eventually led to public disapproval. One man, named Martin Luther, had an idea to denounce the method of the Catholic Church that would influence the world and change Christianity forever. When the Catholic Church was first formed, its goals were to spread and to help people follow
Although King Henry VIII was a devout Catholic, his thirst for power, selfish motives, and desire for independence all contributed to the separation from the Catholic Church and forming the Church of England. King Henry VIII defended the Catholic Church during the beginning of his reign. He was very religious and attended mass as often as five times a day. He was openly against heretics, so when he publicly denounced Martin Luther, an influential Protestant, he gained the Church as an ally. Henry even went to such extreme lengths such as burning non-Latin bibles and torturing non-Catholics in order to gain affluence from the Church.
By the end of the Middle Ages, the church was sorely in need of reform. The papacy was corrupt and church leaders were more dedicated to living luxurious, powerful lives than to preaching the gospel of the Lord. Change eventually came about through courageous people, “shining lights,” as Stiansen puts it, who were unafraid of being ridiculed and even martyred for their convictions. Pre-Reformers like John Wycliffe and Jan Hus prepared the way for the Reformation through their writings, lifestyles, and deaths. John Wycliffe One of the most well-known and controversial Pre-Reformers was John Wycliffe.
Title: Living Under God’s Word Text: Nehemiah 8 Audience: Lecturers and seminary students In the year 1517, one major event that happened in the history of the church was the Protestant Reformation. One of the prominent figures that led this reformation was Martin Luther. He began by criticizing the practices of the Catholic Church which he thought were unbiblical. So his fight was basically to restore the Bible and its teachings into its proper place as he began to see that the church was degrading the Bible and placed it at the same par with the Church’s traditions, sometimes even lower than it. I think Luther was right when he argues that Scripture alone should be the authority of every Christian, not the Church’s traditions, not even
The Church in that time period was overrun with corruption and avarice, leading it to sacrifice its spiritual integrity for money. Plenary indulgences were being sold in order to pay for the luxuries desired by the clergy, the very men who had taken upon themselves vows of poverty in the service of God. Martin Luther sought a reform of the Catholic Church, and desired to bring it back to its original truths and teachings, but instead founded his own church, opening the door to the establishment of numerous denominations. Of these, Calvinism, centered mostly in France and the Low Countries, became increasingly popular. Calvinism adopted the Catholic Church’s opinions regarding the dignity of human labor.
Throughout the Elizabethan era, Christianity played a pivotal role in the development of government and support (or lack thereof) of individuals. The Puritans attempted to close theaters, and, according to scholar R. Balfour Daniels “sought to circumscribe life and hold it in with a stern and austere restraint” (Daniels, 41). Additionally, Elizabethan England had three contradictory and competing forms of Christianity. The Anglican Church, also known as Protestantism, was used in government and the official religion of the Queen, and any who criticized it were often killed. Puritans opposed the Protestants, and Catholics, the more traditional sect, was practiced by a significant minority (Raffel, 38-39).
One of the effects of the Reformation was The Protestant Reformation and this was the breakdown of authority and power of the Catholic Church. It happened with the causes of the plague called the Black Death and the Renaissance( Humanism and Secularism). This began on October 31,1517 with Martin luther being one of the most important people throughout all this. *** The kind of impact it had was wars erupted on Europe between Catholics and Protestants. And at the same time leaders try to break from the century old grip of the Catholic Church.
Roman Catholics in the 16th century defended their faith against the Protestant Reformation. Catholics fought back against critics by excommunication, killing, wars concerning religion began due to the feeling of being threatened and some Catholic women reformed convents through four basic principles. The condition of the church in late 15th century and early 16th century, was full of clerical ignorance, simony and other signs of disorder.He wrote the 95 Theses describing the condition of the church and what he stood against. This propelled the church to act defend their faith through a trial counsel called the Diet of Worms who excommunicated Martin Luther. The accredited person for starting Protestantism was Martin Luther who when excommunicated acquired more followers.
Puritanism was a religious movement that was created after the Church of England’s insufficient reform. This occurred after King Henry VIII transformed the the Church of Rome into the state Church of England. This change was inadequate and left many people dissatisfied with the newly reformed church. As of this, a popular group of Puritans were formed in the late 16th centaury to live a life closer to God. This group of radicals were persecuted for their overly religious ways and were forced to relocate to North America.
During the 1830’s, here was a political backlash on immigration, specifically because of the fact that most immigrants at that time were Catholic. This was troublesome because back in the 1500’s the protestants split from the Catholic Church, and this new wave of immigration sparked fear that the number of Catholics would grow. The reason that this fear was made possible was because even though the United States constitution does not explicitly mention god, religion has had influence on politics. An example of religion having influence over politics was the Anti-Saloon League in 1895, which was a protestant movement aimed at democratic government and local rights which also incorporated an anti-Catholic sentiment. This group was the first major religiously motivated to successfully have an impact on politics in the United States.
Peter’s Basilica. Like his earlier peers that stood for a Church reformation, Martin Luther disagreed with the selling of indulgences and wrote the immediately popular 95 Theses, mainly attacking the misuse of German money and the Pope’s control over Purgatory. He argued that the letters Paul writes to the Greek Churches in the Book of Romans emphasised “the just shall live by faith” alone, instead of relying on financial transactions that would guarantee a person’s cleansing from sin. According to the New Testament, Jesus had came to Earth to die for all of humanity’s sins, and to put a monetary price to salvation would demean the significance and sacrifice He had done out of grace alone. Luther went on to question the Church, reasoning if Christian practices had came to be corrupted, then it was possible its teaching were as well.
The reformation is often viewed as a religious movement, yet it also affected the political and social aspects of Europe as well. Martin Luther, a German friar helped lead the reformation attacking the Catholic Church. As stated in Document 1, Luther attacks the lords, princes, blind bishops, priests,
Charles then appointed two catholic ministers to the Cabal, this issue was clearly one which could have been avoided had Charles been more shrewd. Charles did little to address the role of parliament and did nothing to solve the problems that had to led to war. The fears of Catholicism were reignited when James II took the throne; he was a political liability from the offset announcing he was a catholic, this lack of political awareness allowed him to be the brunt of suspicion. Consequently he was later removed from the throne as he posed a threat to the Protestant religion and the rule of law. James’ personality alienated the political nation; to such an extent that it was not divided over opinion, but completely rejected him.