The dual vision of language that Habermas employs allows a distinction between 'procedural' and 'substantial' to emerge. We have a scheme of an ideal speech situation on the one hand, and manifold practices on the other. According to Mouffe, this distinction 'cannot be maintained and one must acknowledge that procedures always involve substantial ethical commitments.' (Mouffe 1999, 749) When Tully stresses this issue of Habermasian dualism he argues that our judgments are not entirely distinct from our everyday communicative practices. 'One reason for his misunderstanding is the overly sharp distinction he draws between the reflective grounding of speech acts in justifications and the mere de facto acceptance of habitual practices.'
While overly flexible boundaries between the therapist and the client seems to be undesired, a therapeutic relationship should not be rigid as well. Guidelines are developed to create boundaries between the therapist and the client (Lazarus, 1994). However, when the guidelines are followed too strictly by the therapist, it creates rigid boundaries between the therapist and client. It can result in poor and rigid therapeutic relationship, which lacks authenticity and sensitivity (Davidson, 2005). The rigid therapeutic relationship leads to an inaccurate assessment and poor working alliance (Eaton et al., 1993, as cited by Ackerman & Hilsenroth, 2001; Iwakabe, Rogan, & Stalikas, 2000).
As with each ethical theories, there are strength and weaknesses associated with them. Deontology stresses the role of duty and respect for an individual person and it is also easy to judge whether a person actions are moral not, simply by looking at whether the person is following basic rules or the guiding principles. It also allows society or people to be consistent in how they would perform an act regardless of the outcome associated with it. The disadvantage of Deontology is, it underestimates the importance of happiness, complexity of life situations and conflicting duties of people. The rules of Deontology are also vague and fail to offer moral guidance or take into account as to which rules or principles should take priority when conflict arises and While it is not necessarily wise to rely solely on outcome, it is not a good idea to completely ignore the outcome
The author, Octave Mannoni, is, moreover, aware of the ambiguity of his position. That perhaps is one of the merits of his evidence. He has tried to account for a situation. It is our right to say that we are not satisfied. It is our duty to show the author how we differ from him.” (Fanon,
Whenever conducting a large operation like Operation Anaconda, it is very important that one senior officer command it. This senior officer needs to have an operational staff and the authority to command and control all units involved in the operation. Operation Anaconda would have greatly benefited from a unified command structure. Because of the command structure that the operation used there were many issues with planning, integration, and confusion. The adopted standard joint force concept of operations during Operation Anaconda was not used.
This is definitely a weakness in the article which shows that the passages could not be trusted to it's entirety. The reader doesn’t see the complete picture only glimes that the author believed were a good aspect of Bisland. The images in the passage were a good source of primary evidance which help to more thoroughly explain the characteristic
Also, the unique or truly exceptional must be treated separately and logically. He further states that if the problem is wrongly classified at this stage, then the decision will inevitably go wrong. Basically, know the problem you’re solving. He further, suggests that boundary conditions must be distinctly identified stating what the decision must achieve, what is the smallest amount of goals it has to achieve. Drucker additionally, proposes that a common problem in decision making is not necessarily the incorrect decision, but a situation when the boundary conditions alter while the decision is being applied.
In Hancock & Shankland, their Lordships stressed “that moral certainty or overwhelming probability was necessary in order to constitute intention.” Indeed, The Maloney direction was criticised as it did not provide any reference to probability. The lack of uniformity of the meaning of intention in the above cases was addressed in Nedrick by Lord Lane CJ when he provided what is considered to be a ‘model direction’ to the meaning of oblique
This creates confusion defining the field and an adequate definition is needed based on a solid theoretical foundation which can be done through critical analysis of the concept of human services. There is literature available which offers numerous definitions of human services, but they are generally not accepted and can be misleading (Zins, 2001, pp.
Rawls’ conception of need and equality based justice is not satisfied by his principles of justice – his argument is consequentially invalid. While Jerry Cohen recognises that there are strengths within his argument, he objects to a Rawlsian conception of justice based on its failure to extend beyond the basic structure, its incorporation of incentives that undermine justice, and its failure to adequately describe the prerequisites for legitimate inequality without risk of abuse motivated by self-interest of the better
For example the public, or the counsel, may not even be versed in the issue they are forming a consensus for or it may even be a discussion pointless to discuss. Jesse VandeLaar, in his letter to the editor, makes a compelling point, in brief, he states that having a supreme figure, such as an administrator, should be making decisions simply because of their