What stimulant drug, speeds up the messages travelling between the brain and the rest of the body? Did you guess cocaine? If so, yes you are right. (http://www.druginfo.adf.org.au/drug-facts/cocaine) According to “The National Institution of Drug abuse” Cocaine is a very addicted drug and it is made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. Also cocaine is known as a stimulant drug and it is a schedule II narcotic.
But for cocaine as it is basic in nature alkaline digestion completely destroying it so we rather choose to do the mild extraction with methanol or acid extraction. Moreover the incorporation of cocaine is more in hair shaft then its metabolites (BZE)(2) Screening method: there are variety of methods which is use to screen cocaine from the hair sample. However some are more specific in nature with the cocaine. The detection limit of the instruments decides their successful application in the analysis of cocaine from hair. (3) TABLE 1.4 Instrument detector Drugs and its metabolites detection LOD (level of detection )
There are side effects of caffeine with high dosage such as insomnia and headaches and prolong usage may lead to dependence on caffeine. Caffeine can be found in tea leaves, coffee, kola nuts and cocoa beans with varying amounts. About 5% of the leaf weight comprises
To add, Tramadol can stop or slow breathing when starting using this drug or changing its dose. Dependence can occur even within the normal doses of tramadol. There are numerous drug interactions with tramadol, for example, CNS depressant effect of alcohol are enhanced when used with tramadol. Furthermore, serotonin syndrome can result from the use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors with tramadol as they increase the serotonergic effect of tramadol. Moreover, it is contraindicated in people who have experienced hypersensitivity to tramadol, or opioid analgesics and during monoamine oxidase inhibitor
The most well known cause is mistreatment of corticosteroid solutions. Bronchial asthma might be caused by steroid drugs for this patient. Figure- 26 (Pinterest, 2017)Moon face buffalo hump Investigation done: WBC- normal cortisol- normal but because of drug usage it will artificially increase. CRH, ACTH hormone level will decrease Spindly arm moon face appearance high blood
Diet Coke is just as harmful as regular Coke, maybe even more. The combination of caffeine and aspartame makes a substance that is similar to cocaine. “The potentially deadly combination of caffeine and aspartame creates a short addictive high similar in the way cocaine works.”(The Renegade Pharmacist) This means that the combination of caffeine and aspartame produces a substance that functions similar to cocaine.
This opium is refined into morphine which can then be further refined into various forms of heroin. Heroin can be smoked, snorted, or injected. The different types of heroin include white heroin, brown heroin, and black tar heroin. White heroin is heroin as its purest form. White heroin is usually injected but can also be inhaled.
The main chemical marijuana is known for is delta-9- tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Many users do not understand that injecting this inducing chemical has both short and long-term impacts on the brain. Along with its stimulant, depressant, and hallucinogenic properties come negative impacts on the brain. THC acts on brain cell receptors that ordinarily react to natural TCH like chemicals already found in our brains, and causes those receptors to work in overdrive, causing these parts of the brain to overreact. A study done by the National Center for Biotechnology Information compared the short-term memory and cognitive processing speed of people who used marijuana in the past 4 weeks in relation to those who had never consumed the drug1 The recent and current marijuana users remembered less and processed information and instruction much slower than those who have never smoked.
Not only that but your heart rate would start to increase and it would be easier for one to become angry even while sober. In extreme cases Cocaine can cause a heart attack, stroke, seizures, and in some cases death. Some of the longer term effects include loss of brain cells and uncontrollable dopamine levels, along with that it raises blood pressure and permanent damage to one’s blood vessels. If snorted the tissue in the nose will start to decay and if smoke the respiratory system has a strong chance of just shutting down. Along with that it causes reproduction issues to that fact it lowers the sperm count in males and in females it will just make them completely infertile or not healthy enough to bare a child.
terpine-4-ol, an antiseptic agent, is produced synthetically in Europe at great expense. It also occurs naturally in Australia as an essential oil of tea tree (Melaleuca alternifolia) and is sold as tea tree oil obtained by distillation of the plant material . Tea tree oil is increasingly widely used in pharmaceuticals, cosmetics and toiletries [2-3], its antibacterial activities have been associated with volatile components, principally terpinen-4-ol although the diversity of these components and their occurrence and relative concentrations vary widely depending on the source of M. alternifolia .
Heroin is made from a poppy plants. Chinese may be an influence on psychosocial factors for heroin use. Some of the popular street names for heroin are: big H, H, junk, skag, horse, smack, thunder, hell dust, nose drops. The short-term effects of heroin will appear a little after one dose and disappear in a few hours. Effects of heroin overdose will include the following: slow and shallow breathing, hypotension, muscle spasms, seizures, coma, and possible death.
As a hallucinogen, it may distort perceptions and evoke sensory images that, in reality, are not there. MDMA, the main active ingredient in ecstasy, affects the brain and body in numerous amounts of ways that can harm the user in the short and long run. The drug is typically produced in pill form, and is also known to be popular at raves and music festivals. When consumed, it can put the user into a euphoric state of mind or the complete opposite, a depressed state of mind. Because ecstasy has so many different types of chemicals that are mixed together, it affects the user 's brain, body, and heart in various ways that can permanently damage the user.
Medications may also be used to inhibit drug or alcohol use. One such drug is Antabuse, used for alcohol addiction. Other drug replacements used are methadone and suboxone for opiate detox. Outpatient detox is a longer process, but is a safe alternative for certain types of drug addiction. Detox and withdrawal symptoms by drug type: Meth (methamphetamine) - Withdrawal effects from heroin use may take months to subside, and are highly psychological and emotional.
The History of Crystal Methamphetamine - Drug-Free World provides the information that short term side effects include: addiction, sensory hallucinations, paranoia, vomiting, sickness, stroke, palpitations, seizures, diarrhea, insomnia, hyperthermia. Like cocaine and speed, even small amounts of meth can cause a rapid and/or irregular heartbeat, increased blood pressure and elevated body temperatures. Long-term methamphetamine abuse results in many damaging effects, including addiction. Meth addiction is a chronic, often relapsing, brain disease marked by uncontrollable drug craving and compulsive use in the face of devastating consequences. Meth alters brain structure and function, changes behavior, and is one of the fastest-acting addictive agents known, with the potential to hook people faster than most other substances.
The Methadone Train Addictions to opiates, and opiate derivatives, are some of the most prevalent and long-standing drug abuse issues known. These abuses have also contributed to other social problems such as the spread of HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis C due to needle injection being a popular method of delivery. In the 1960s, methadone, a synthetic opiate substitute, was introduced as the preferred medical treatment for opiate abuse and addiction and remains so today. Reduction of disease distribution is only one of its heralded benefits. Methadone is commonly used in management of withdrawal symptoms related to addiction to heroin and other opiate drugs, both prescription and non-prescription.