This war was well known for Hannibal, the Carthaginian leader, who caused a massive damage to the Romans. This war was fought over three fronts; with Sicily never being a problem and Rome defending well, Southern Spain where Carthage was able to control for quite a while before regaining control and retreating and the most well known being that of the battles in Italy. Hannibal took an army of men and elephants through the Alps. Hannibal surprised the Romans in Northern Italy. Hannibal was victorious in many great battles in Northern Italy like the Battle of Trebia, the Battle of Lake Trasimene and the Battle of Cannae.
Julius Caesar would spend the next seven years waging war against the Gauls. One of the first battles that Caesar engaged in during the Gallic War was against the Helvetti tribe. The Helvetti were a powerful tribe who lived in-between the Alps and the Jura Mountains, and it wasn’t until they decided to abandon their position and try to relocate to another location did Caesar take notice. Fearing that their relocation could potentially destabilize and disrupt Roman trade, Caesar acted to swiftly stop the Helvetti in their tracks and drive them back into the
finally finished and concluding with the end of Carthage in 146 B.C (Morey, 1901). The war between these two nation has been for a long time and the power struggling was well known and the political division always created conflict between them. For instance, by the time, the first Punic war split out, even though the Roman Empire had an occasion to dominate and commanded the power over the Italian peninsula becoming a naval power. However, there was also be a trace how Carthage becomes almost had an equal resistance that compared with Rome that showing the strength to the battle during the
As earlier stated that the First Punic War broke out in 264 B.C. when Rome interfered in a dispute on the Carthaginian-controlled island of Sicily, the war ended with Rome in control of both Sicily and Corsica and marked the empire’s emergence as a naval as well as a land power(History.com) In the Second Punic War we see the great Carthaginian general Hannibal invading Italy and recorded great victories at Lake Trasimene and Cannae before his eventual defeat at the hands of Rome’s Scipio Africanus in 202 B.C. (History.com), the result of the war left Rome in control of the western Mediterranean and much of Spain. Finally, Carthage ‘s last struggle, though without arms, without warships and without allies ((Morey,1901), was in the Third Punic War, the Romans, led by Scipio the Younger, captured and destroyed the city of Carthage in 146 B.C., which also saw turning Africa into yet another province of the mighty Roman
The Coliseum became the center for entertainment in Rome and the rest of the empire. This entertainment was provided by gladiator fights, wild animal hunts, public executions, and in the first few years it featured full-scale naval battles. By constructing a public wonder, the Flavium dynasty was able to reestablish Rome’s glory, and please the people of its empire. The Roman Empire had just experienced a period of unrest under Emperor Nero, who disregarded the people and spent Rome’s wealth on a pleasure palace for himself. Emperor Nero had no respect for the people, and when he faced rebellion, he killed himself.
The speed and ferocity of the Huns struck terror in the people they attacked.” (Holt p.191). The Huns even made it all the way to Rome itself, but Pope Leo I stopped them and even managed to get the Huns to leave, (class notes). Although he did get the Huns to leave that wasn’t the end of the invasions. “The endless column of Barbarians pressed on the Roman empire with accumulated weight; and, if the foremost were destroyed, the vacant space was instantly replenished by new assailants,” (Doc. 6).
In the 14th century, a contagious plague called the Black Death damaged society physically and mentally. After the Genoese were defeated by the Mongol armies, they accidently took germs of the “disease” and aboard the ship to leave. As a result, more than half of the passengers were dying slowly. This sight scared away those people waiting on shore to collect the goods because they fear death. Even though captains on the ships realized the mess they got themselves into, it was too late because the disease was spreading very quickly from one port to another.
Although it thrived, it fell around 476 C.E because of major issues. Poor military, mistrust in the government, and the overwhelming size lead to the fall of the Roman Empire. Poor military decisions contributed to the downfall of the Roman Empire. In C 450 CE, the Roman military leaders made a poor decision by letting the military decide on taking away armor (Document 3). This caused more soldiers to be killed in battle because they didn’t have the proper protection.
This leaves one major question: How did the Roman Empire lose it power, land, and supremacy? There were 3 major reason for the fall of rome: Politics, Army Uniform, and most importantly, invasion. One example of an important reason Rome fell was because their leaders were constantly being killed by their successors. This installed a feeling of insecurity throughout Roman citizens everywhere. Evidence that this was a problem is clearly shown in Document A of the Fall of Rome DBQ.
Later on we learn about what life was like for the people of Troy and Greece and learn what caused the start of the war. One of the main causes of the war was the kidnapping of Helen of Troy. This likely caused Greece to want to defeat and conquer Troy. Strauss also gives us insight into the variety of different weapons and armory that was used to protect both sides. Since this took place during the Bronze Age some of the armory used included bronze breastplates, arrowheads, and chariots.
Other historians claim that Montezuma welcomed Cortes to the city from a position of strength and the gifts offered were a demonstration of power. Outnumbered and fearful of being overrun, Hernan Cortes captured and imprisoned Montezuma in 1520. Cuitlahuac to took over as Emperor retaliated. He led an offensive that drove the Spaniards out Tenochtitlan, Montezuma was killed during the revolt. Deadly small pox brought aboard by the Spanish, severely degraded the Aztec population killing thousands including Cuitlahuac.
War and trade helped in the spread of the disease throughout the Byzantine Empire. Justinian spent years of his reign battling Ostrogoths for control over Italy. He fought Vandals and Berbers for control in North Africa, and fending off Franks, Slavs, Avars, and other barbarian tribes that were in raids against the empire. Constantinople doubled as the center of commercial trade for the empire, and the capital’s location along the Black and Aegean seas crossroads were trading routes from China, the Middle East, and North
In this war, Roman strength derives from the army, in contract, Carthaginian strength does from the navy, each has the different charactor. In case of Carthage, according to Wikipedia, "Carthage had begun to build a mercenary army in Africa, which was to be shipped to Sicily to meet the Romans", besides, "At the beginning of the First Punic War, Rome
The Ancient Roman republic lasted many years from 509 BCE all the way to 27 BCE during such time Rome was nearly destroyed many times with people like Hannibal, Spartacus and other non foreigners like Sulla for example. But the kind of destruction that Hannibal was ready to bring was nothing compared to what Gaius Marius dished out. Gaius Marius was a Roman general and politician. Marius’ fame soars with him winning many outstanding victories in Africa while acting as general of the legion there. He is soon commissioned to fight the oncoming barbarians that have been pillaging the north, northeastern borders of Rome for some time.
The most significant internal stress on the Western Roman Empire was that for many years, the Emperor of Rome had been incompetent. Romans had been so unsatisfied with the emperors that the 75 years leading up to the collapse of the empire had been ruled by 20 different emperors (Andrews 1). Many of the emperors in this time period were murdered by the Praetorian Guard, which was founded as the personal bodyguards of the emperor. The main problem that these emperors had was to be too self-indulgent. They spent the wealth of the empire on parties and clothes instead of dispersing it throughout the empire.