Livy believed that the Second Punic War was started by the siege of Saguntum by the Carthaginian Commander Hannibal and that this violated past treaties which left Rome no choice but to declare war on Carthage. In addition he believed the events that caused the war were entirely the fault of Carthage and that Rome did everything possible to prevent the dispute with Carthage from escalating. However there are inconsistencies in his work which undermine his reliability as a historian. The event that started the Second Punic War between Rome and Carthage was the siege of Saguntum by Hannibal. However Livy believed that the road to war started after the First Punic War with Hamilcar's wars in Spain.
Caesar suspected the possibility of an attack by the Gauls, and how an attack might pose a serious threat to Roman security. Well aware of the situation at hand, Caesar realized that drastic measures had to be taken in order to protect and preserve the well-being of Italy; otherwise, Italy itself might become vulnerable to an attack. Caesar, well informed in the art of warfare understood that waiting for permission from the senate to launch a full scale attack on the Gauls would be a complete waste of time. At his own expense, Caesar raised and equipped numerous legions; providing the necessary weapons and armor to wage war. Over the course of the next couple of years, Caesar had raised a force of 10 legions, roughly 50,000 men, as well as 10,000 to 20,000 allies
Rome had begun in 750 BCE, as a peaceful, thriving settlement, until their government turned from a Republic into a dictatorship. Then, political strain started occurring in the heart of Rome. Roman leaders started focusing on using force instead of compromise to overtake land. Rome had started to get lazy, and was open for attack. Outside invaders infiltrated Rome, not completely destroying the empire, but destroying the city and heart of Rome.
The First Punic War was the first of three wars between the two powers as they wrestled for dominance in the region. The first war began due to a dispute between Syracuse and Messina on the strategically important island of Sicily, Rome came to the aid of Messina which outraged Carthage who quickly sided with Syracuse and so began over a century of intermittent fighting between the great powers. In conclusion, it is so interesting to see so many similarities and so many differences between the two mighty empires and it is fascinating to examine how many parallels can be drawn between ancient civilizations and ones in modern times; for example, the Cold War between the Soviet Union and The West, which had the world on the brink of nuclear war. Today Russia and America flex their might and fight proxy wars to express their dominance as superpowers. The empires of Rome and Carthage fell, so too did the Soviet Union, but it seems that the modern superpowers do not learn from the mistakes of the
Their size, skill, and experience out weighed the Continental army by a landslide. George Washington himself believed he was going to lose the war at some moments. Guerilla warfare changed the direction of the war. Even though there was close calls the tactics used worked by slowly chiseling away at their massive army although there were a lot of other major battles these tactics won them the war. This implement of skills was crucial to their success.
He then increased the size of his military and tried to conquer Europe, expanding his power and being ruthless with his enemies, sometimes even cutting off their hands and letting them live (“Julius Caesar”). During this he hired specific political agents that he trusted to act on his behalf back in Rome. As it turns out, their “patch” didn’t hold for long, as Crassius still hated Pompey, and now Pompey hated Caesar because he was jealous of how much power he was gaining. They tried to patch things up once again in 56 B.C but it was short lived as Crassius died in Syria 53 B.C. (“Julius Caesar”)Caesar then went on the offence, going after Pompey, starting a war with him.
During the year of exploration Hernan Cortez is recognized as one the most ruthless conquistadors from Spain. Cortez would lead an expedition that would cause the fall of the Aztec empire. The native people believed the Spanish were Gods sent from the sky, little did they know what they had in store for them. Hernan Cortez was able to conquer the indigenous people by disease, weapons, and most important the aid from native allies. Therefore, Cortez would successfully abolish the Aztec empire that would unlock many lands and riches that would benefit Europe.
This inspired colonists to want to break away from Britain and become their own country. However as the war progressed it became a civil war because colonists divided between loyalists and patriots and fought almost themselves. This was the result of colonists disagreeing on the decision to cut ties with Britain, since many colonists thrived off of economic ties to them. As the war ended it became an ideological revolution. Colonists inspired by Enlightenment thinkers fought for these ideas and by the end of the war they were focused on forming a new government.
After defeating their three main enemies, Rome was rebuilt, with new armies and more land. Latium was even able to afford homes for the poor. However, the Latium craved equality. They were convinced Rome wanted to retake their position as the head of Latium, so they made a proposal to Rome requesting equality, or they declare their independence. Rome painfully rejected this proposal, causing the Latium to revolt and become hostile enemies of Rome (Morey, n.d., ch.
They threatened world peace and became an important factor of the outbreak of the WW2. Fascism and Nazism have many things similar, however, there are also some considerable differences between them. Concerning the background, both Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany rose because people were discontented with the weak democratic governments at that time and strongly felt the Paris Peace Settlement unfair. Italians were not satisfied with the limited reward granted to them after the WW1 compared to their huge contribution (i.e. the Italian government had made huge military expenditure and the total cost of the war is 148,000 million lire, twice more than the total sum expenditure of all Italian government for 1861 to 1913) (Lee, 2000).