Antony subjectively defines morality and uses nature as her source. In contrast, I believe God created all things and defines good and evil through His creation and Word. And finally, as followers of God, our motivation for accomplishing good comes from our love for all God has done for us. Imagine a world without order, chaotic without a specific guide to right or wrong–a world without God. Antony considers herself a “moralistic atheist”, possessing similar beliefs to a humanitarian.
Even though Franklin criticizes the influence of religion on people’s life, he also understands and tolerates the social use of religion. “I grew convinced that truth, sincerity, and integrity in dealings between man and man were of the utmost importance of felicity of life; […] Revelation had indeed no weight with me, as such; but I entertained an opinion that, though certain actions might not be bad because they were forbidden by it, or good because it commanded them, yet probably these actions might be forbidden because they were bad for us, or commanded because they were beneficial to us.” (Franklin 55) These feelings of solidarity formed a common identity which eventually results in the beginning of the American Revolution. Away from the Anglican Church and the English royal dynasty, people formed their own identity independently. They became a
When discussing the “Inferno”, Blow notes that “view that sin ultimately rests is, that man can only learn what he is, by finding out what he is not, and that the violation of his ideal nature reveals him to himself”(123). Spiritual freedom cannot be reached until a person realizes that good can only be reached through evil. In Christianity, the wages of sin is death and a form of rebellion against God. In Dante’s works, a person draws from God the power to realize himself. In Dante’s Inferno, we find him traveling through hell as a result of a sinful life.
While I agree with certain aspects of both theories, I have to dispute both outlooks on the ultimate power of God. John Hick believes that there is no way you can deny the existence of evil, but he believes all evil exists because the all powerful God allows it to. How could a God who is all good allow evil to be present, you ask? Hick’s answer to your question would be; In order to draw us closer to him(GOD). If there were no sorrows, pains, or woes, mankind would not see the need for God’s forgiveness and love.
It did not matter what race or religion you followed; however, he believed atheists were a threat. Many of the things Locke spoke of still affects today’s society. John was a social contrast theorists, which is a view that a person’s moral and political obligation are dependent on an agreement among them to form the society they live in which was given to them by equality. He did not only believe in equality in government but in religion too. John believed that religion
In the end though their differences are what made them: Strength verses subtlety, scripture verses satire, Luther versus Erasmus. For Luther the idea that men could make a change did not mean much since he preferred the belief in the power of an almighty God, one who controlled the fate of men and would ultimately decide the course of action in the world. Erasmus on the other hand was a humanist who believed that the corrupt men could be changed since he believed in the free will that all men had. It is these two fundamental beliefs that both men had that made them so different in their methods of
It’s more entertaining than surprising to watch John struggle with his pride, as he attempts to convince himself that he is a man of God who simply committed a deed as a will of social deterioration, rather than a blasphemous mistake that would call into question his character. Christian men of the seventeenth century were entirely reliant on the social constructs of not only having a tough stereotypically male nature, but also holding on to faith as a means of filling in his heart. This is seen by his demand that Mary tell Judge Danforth the women are liars, as he is not willing to complete the task himself. Danforth, sees through the plot and traps John by telling him that his wife, Elizabeth, is pregnant. The moment is furthered when Abigail enters the room, and gets rid of John’s hope at convicting her by accusing Mary herself of being a
Blaming God, blaming another person, blaming yourself. Hefling discusses why humans always mess things up which additionally takes some of the blame. Humans allow evil to occur in their lives by accepting that evil will always get the best of them in the end. Hefling also examines human habit, that can take the blame for their shortcomings. He argues that habits become second nature which leads to the questioning of one’s responsibility for their actions.
The Puritan Dilemma In the earlier American years, there was the existences of a great deal of politically and religious turmoil in England. There was the desire of escaping and going to places where they are free to congregate by their philosophies in which they have faith. John Winthrop saw America as a country in which they could not have any interference from the government. Winthrop sees America as a paradise and a place for religious freedom. Winthrop believes that the church in England is corrupt and requires purification to become more pleasant to God.
John Winthrop uses Tenets of Calvinism in his writings by "and so teaches us to put a difference between Christians and others. ' Do good to all, especially those of the household of faith'. Winthrop shows total depravity in that he recognizes the difference between sinners and Christians using his beliefs that man was born sinful. He also uses limited atonement in that Christ died for his certain people but it is those certain people that are supposed to influence others to follow Christ. He also says that we are "to serve the lord and work out our own salvation under the power and purity of his holy ordinances."