In both The Crucible and in modern day witch hunts, witch hunts are caused out of fear or for personal gain. Jill Schonebelen wrote a research paper on Witchcraft allegations, refugee protection and human rights. Throughout this article, it mentions the persecution of witches today in communities around the globe, mentioning the flashbacks of similar strategies that were used in the past, doing different types of tortures.In Modern days, recent generations have abandoned wonderful traditions. Rather, recollecting others with distasteful memories such as witchcraft. Fear, accusations, and doing things for personal gain is a natural human instinct. Similar to The Crucible , a majority of the characters reacted the way they did out of fear,
The Salem witch trial hysteria of 1692 may have been instigated by religious, social, geographic and even biological factors. During these trials, 134 people were condemned as witches and 19 were hanged. These statistics also include 5 more deaths that occurred prior to their execution date. It is interesting to look into the causes of this stain on American History, when as shown in document B, eight citizens were hanged in only one day.
In the book, The Witches: Salem 1692, the author Stacy Schiff attempts to condense a large volume of research into a cohesive narrative that tries to avoid to much speculation. There is some contention that the book does speculate into the motives of primary accusers that some reviewers have intimated are bordering on fiction. However, the author defends her arguments logically, and her inferences do seem to bridge the gaps effectively.
In Salem 1692 a group of young teenage girls claimed to be possessed by the “Devil”, due to the “witchcraft” done by their female neighbors. The Salem Witch trials were a group of young teens who accused their neighbors for being witches. It is said that the teenagers were having weird and unstable behavior. They would move in ways that is explainable, and the teenagers would randomly act like wild animals( History.com). It stated that the people from Salem believed that any birthmarks, warts moles, or other blemishes were seen as possible portals which Satan (The Devil) could enter a body. The most abominable part of the Salem trials were the abominable deaths of the so called “witches”. As you can see the town of Salem was very religious.
The Puritans ran from persecution but then used the witch hunt to persecute innocent people based on the word of the women and men who had ulterior motives. The women used this opportunity to punish people they long had problems or resentment for. These women- Abigail, Tituba, and Mary- were aware of the power they felt when they were being heard by people in their community who were deemed Godly, upstanding citizens. So, they loved the sense of power they felt. Although the townspeople of Salem used religion as the reason for the witch hunt, the witch hunt created chaos because people started using it a revenge mechanism. Much of what happens in Salem still resembles some things we see in society today. The word of one man can change people’s ideas and images of another without conclusive evidence. What people fear the most can sometimes bind us together, even if it is not
In Salem 1692, witchcraft drives the conflict between the people of the Puritan Society that reside there. Witchcraft is the perfect crime to settle disputes with your enemies. There are many explanations and symptoms, most of which are unprovable. The source of this conflict is the struggle for power and reputation between the people of Salem like John Proctor, Abigail Williams, and Hale.
In Stacey Schiff’s, List of 5 Possible Causes of the Salem Witch Trials and Shah Faiza’s, THE WITCHES OF SALEM; Diabolical doings in a Puritan village, discuss in their articles what has been debated by so many historians for years, the causes of the Salem Witch trials. Schiff and the Faiza, purpose is to argue the possible religious, scientific, communal, and sociological reasons on why the trials occurred. All while making word by word in the writer’s testimony as if they were there through emotion and just stating simply the facts and theories. They adopt the hectic tone in order to convey to the readers the significance, tragedy, logic, loss, and possible madness behind these life changing events,
Living a sheltered life, completing the same routine day after day, and not being able to read, write, or do anything but pray. These are everyday struggles Puritans of Salem, Massachusetts faced. In Arthur Miller’s play, The Crucible, he explains the hysterical outbreak of the Salem Witch Trials. With many reasons for the occurrence, guilt is the most prominent. This is because Puritans wanted to be seen as good people in the eyes of God and wanted respect and attention from others. Overtime, Puritans discovered guilt was an outlet for achieving respect from others. Characters in The Crucible use guilt as motivation to obtain unwarranted respect from others and as a result, they are able to gain self-gratification without repercussions, maintain
In 1692 a terrible tragedy occurred, it killed many and lead a town into ruins. This tragedy was the Salem Witch Trials. The witch trials started with two girls, Betty Parris and Abigail Williams, who were thought to have fallen ill. their illness was classified as bewitchment due to their abnormal symptoms such as twitching, choking, and contorting their bodies in abnormal shapes. They soon began to accuse people in the town of witchcraft. Others in the town began to join in on the accusations and the town was terrified. Once the town calmed down it was too late, sixteen victims had been hung, one pressed, and one, four year old Dorcas Good, had went insane. No one knows exactly why this happened, but Rosalyn Schanzer’s book Witches! The
The belief in witches had been present in Christian religion since the 14th century. The use of the supernatural as a way to explain the unknown would lead to a ‘witchcraft crave’ that would ripple through Europe, resulting in the execution of tens of thousands, mainly women, who were accused of ‘signing the Devil’s Book’. In this day and age it is difficult to understand why such horrific events took place, however while the fear of witchcraft was infectious at the time, now it is analysed from a much more objective point of view, as Arthur Miller said himself, ‘What terrifies one generation is likely to bring a puzzled smile to the next’(Miller, 1996). The Salem Witch Trials took
While there is little doubt that both the Catholic Church and the Protestant religions provided the foundational work for the witch hunts that took place in Europe and America, it is the societal implications that fed the flames of the witch hunts. Both the Catholic and Protestant faiths sought ways of demonstrating people’s commitment to God through identified moral behaviors. Each side felt they had the high ground and identified the other’s practices as heresy, which became linked with demons, sorcery and magic. As these ideas migrated down to the educated elite and then to local communities a shift occurred regarding heretical behavior and the fear of magic, malificia, unseen evil, and the pact with Satan/the
The ideas of witchcraft were started during 1692 in the Puritan town of Salem, Massachusetts. Many Puritans said the doings of either God or Satan lead to the events that occurred in Salem. For no valid reason the hangings of at least nineteen people occurred. Examining the idea that mental illness was not dormant during the time period of The Crucible, it is possible to demonstrate the idea that witchcraft accusations may have been fallacious. Even though mental illness may have been the cause, some Puritans might have just followed what everyone else was doing.
Oh my God! You won’t believe what happened in Salem, MA in 1692. Yeah I know it’s so many years back, but I bet you didn’t know what happened in Salem, MA. in 1692 and 1693, more than 200 people were accused of practicing witchcraft- the Devil’s magic- and 20 were executed. That is so many people right? I don’t think the strict rules caused the accusations of witchcraft because it doesn’t really have to do with strict rules. I believe the disease led to the witchcraft accusations because if it wasn’t for the disease that the girl had then it wouldn’t had caused all this.
Forming part of the New England region, Salem can be found on the coast of the state of Massachusetts, USA. European Puritans began to settle in Salem as early as 1626. Puritans were a group of English Protestants from the 16th century, which was a religiously-driven era in Europe as God was the central force for the public. As such, the fear of the occult and Satan was pervasive. The Puritans brought these fears to Salem as they colonised New England in an attempt to flee religious maltreatment in Europe. However, ironically, the Puritans would establish a highly conservative and religiously intolerant settlement; a society where church and the government are a single, explicitly stringent, entity.
In Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible, Mary Warren, Abigail Williams, and Tituba are instrumental in spreading the hysteria that resulted in the Salem Witch Trials. The word “Salem," is in close relation to “witchcraft," "hanging" and “hysteria" when mentioned. Many are shocked and appalled by the seeming complete lack of justice and sanity that occurred during the Salem Witch Trials of 1692, when nineteen individuals were put to their death for crimes they did not commit.