The Protestant reformation was a major event in the 16th century that changed the practices and beliefs of many Roman Catholics. In 1517, a German monk named Martin Luther created 95 theses’ and posted them to a church door in Wittenberg. Luther felt that the Holy Bible was the guide to life and this religion, not the pope. Luther was mainly angered by the idea of indulgences. This is when you basically pay money to have all sins washed away.
1. Introduction The Protestant Reformation was a period of factionalism between the Catholic Church and Protestant Reformers such as Martin Luther and John Calvin. The Protestant Reformation period saw a great number of religious wars fought between factions belonging to the Roman Catholic Church and the reformers. The Protestant Reformation impacted significantly on the position of men, women and children in the family and marriage.
The Protestant Reformation The Protestant Reformation was a major 16th century European movement aimed to change the beliefs and practices of the Roman Catholic Church. In northern and central Europe, reformers such as, Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Henry VIII challenged and questioned the Catholic Church’s ability to explain Christian practice. They wanted political and religious redistribution of power to Bible- and pamphlet- reading pastors or princes. This caused many wars, persecutions, and the “Counter-Reformation.”
Therefore, younger sons were less likely to inherit any wealth at all; the idea of claiming land in the New World, extracting precious metals from the colonies was an attractive belief. It was the only way that they would make a respectable name for themselves back in Europe. Another social cause was religious reasons; The Protestant Reformation was a religious reform movement throughout Europe, that, when it ended, people started to have different religious ideas; the schism between the Roman Catholic and the Protestant Church caused that. Therefore, religious minorities increased throughout Europe, and in order to have religious freedom, Europeans moved in the thousands to the New World. Because of this, the Protestant Reformation encouraged exploration and colonization of the New World.
During the 16th and 17th century areas that were forbidden before began to change. These were areas were humans were only entitled to know what God wanted to reveal, otherwise they were inaccessible or forbidden. The limits on the knowledge humans were able to possess became more accessible during the 16th and 17th centuries. The Reformation shows the decline of the Catholic Church and the rise of questioning authority leading to the Scientific Revolution. The Scientific Revolution showed that observations and conclusions became an acceptable source of knowledge and truth, where it had been less so in earlier times.
Renaissance, promoting individualism, laid the foundation of Reformation in which people protested the corruption of the Church. Reformation continued the spirit of challenge for the interests of individuals. These two significant movement together made contribution to the democractic development in the western world. Renaissance was a humanism and individualism movement which rediscovered the classcial Greek philosophy to challenge the religious authority from the fourteenth century to the seventeenth century.
Protestant Reformation Protestant Reformation was a European Christian movement. This movement, led by Martin Luther reformed the Roman Catholic Church practices and begin Protestantism. The reformation started because of the corruption of Roman Catholic Church. The corruption that begin the protestant reformation was phony relics and indulgences. The church priests would sell these relics to poor people knowing that they were fake and build on lies only to make money for the church.
Religion envelopes a plethora of distinct phases, structures, and beliefs. For example, religion could be used as a vessel that enables a support structure, creates wider unity within a group, and pushes things like charity. The other side of the coin, however, is one of corruption, injustice, and greed. Out of the two, Arthur Miller chose the latter when it came to the production of his play The Crucible. Although, being a fictitious account of the Salem Witch Trials, The Crucible used the realistic setting, and overall premise of Salem Massachusetts during the Salem witch trials.
Martin Luther wasn’t always a monk until he almost got struck by lightning and then it struck him (not literally) that he needed to clean up his act. Martin wrote the 95 thesis, which did spark a little bit of a revolution in the religion aspect of it. Even more of a mess formed when Martin Luther refused to recant. With this Martin Luther made a doctrine and thought that the bible should be the the basis of religion life and available to everybody.
Martin Luther was responsible for the church's eventual reform in the 16th century. Though he started as a monk and was highly devoted to the church, he quickly noticed the high levels of corruption and greed throughout the catholic church. Luther set out to change the ways of the church to better fit the needs of the people who served it. After separating himself from the church, he wrote a document called the 95 theses. The 95 theses was a list of 95 things that the church was doing that was either a form of corruption or wrongdoing. Luther took this list and nailed it to the door of one of the biggest churches in Rome.
The Reformation was essentially a campaign to reform the Roman Catholic Church and its teachings. There were many factors as to why there was an outbreak of Reformation such as political factors, social factors and religious factors. One main factor for the outbreak was the many abuses of the Church like absenteeism, lack of education within the clergy, sales of indulgences for Church benefit e.g. the rebuilding of St Peter’s Bascilla. People like Erasmus, Thomas More, Zwingli, Martin Luther and John Calvin saw this corruption and tried to do what they could in their power to see change within the Church. Their actions led to a schism within the Roman Catholic Church.
Main Causes of the Reformation There are many reasons why the Reformation occurred and what the main causes were. Many priests were illiterate and did not teach the same values to people that were contained in the Bible. Indulgences were widely disputed because some religious figures deemed them arbitrary and to others it seemed ridiculous that you could pay money and be absolved of sin. Additionally, many people became more skeptical of the church after several popes turned out to be incorrect on matters of faith.