The witches manipulate Macbeth, telling him half of the truth in the prophecies, especially in the third prophecy involving Macbeth becoming king. Without Macbeth realizing the minor fault in these prophecies, he starts to gradually become more ambitious and more determined to kill Duncan in order to become king quickly as possible. The witches advance the plot again later in the play when Macbeth demands answer of his fate. They show Macbeth three more prophecies spoken by apparition; a head wearing a battle helmet, a blood-covered child, and a child wearing a crown and carrying a tree. The witches show Macbeth the three apparitions who tell him, Beware Macduff; / Beware the thane of Fife… Be bloody, bold and resolute; laugh to scorn
Nathaniel Nguyen The Crucible Arthur Miller English 2 Honors Period 2 Witch Hunting During the years 1692 to 1693, The Salem Witch Trials were a time of great fear and hysteria, as even neighbors would accuse one another of witchcraft just to lower the suspicion that they themselves were witches. Although many people nowadays are very well aware of what happened during this frightful time, most still don’t know how the Salem Witch Trials actually began. The Crucible by Arthur Miller captures the horrific experience of the Salem Witch Trials from their very beginning, to their ending when people began realizing that the entire situation had been a lie from the very start. The main character, John Proctor, may seem to be a normal, middle aged man living in the Puritan town of Salem, but however, he holds a dark secret: he cheated on his wife with a girl named Abigail Williams. What he doesn 't know, is that by cheating with Abigail, he partly started the Salem witch madness; John makes Abigail very envious of his wife, and thus, she begins accusing others of dark sorcery and witchcraft.
When they first meet he exclaims “Speak if you can: what are you?” (I.iii.49). This solidifies the witches as supernatural and not a common occurrence in the realm of the play. This again is a trait of a Tragic Hero making Macbeth a prime example. The witches do not only tell Macbeth of the ideas, they also influence him in his decision. Macbeth returns to the witches to see if his fortune has changed but when he arrives the witches create apparitions, one of which tells Macbeth “None of woman born shall harm Macbeth” (IV.i.86-87).
The Crucible is a play written by Arthur Miller and published in 1953. The play is about the Salem witch trials that happened in 1692. In these trials, people were hanged because the townspeople didn’t want the devil in their town. The people that lived in Salem were very religious so they believed that hangings would get rid of the devil, who was possessing and controlling certain townspeople. The Crucible starts out with a scene where a young girl is sick with a mysterious sickness.
Witchcraft is often seen as a consuming force that eats life power of the victim (Steward 2004: 1). The definitions are however not dependable because people have their own of fitting ideas and practices together which means that a person might see something as sorcery that is witchcraft to another (Steward 2004:1). The Zande people who were studied by Evans-Pritchard use ideas of witchcraft to explain misfortune that is difficult to explain in other ways. For example, a man who wanted to find out whether or not his ill wife would die and who was responsible for her sickness consulted the oracle Benge and a ritual is done where a question is asked and a sort of poison is fed to a chick and depending on whether or not it dies, it will answer the posed question. When a person has been identified as a witch the accuser asks them to cool their witchcraft by blowing on a chicken’s wing (Steward 2004: 2).
The Salem witch trials proved to be one of the most cruel and fear driven events to ever occur in history. Many innocent people were accused of witchcraft, and while some got out of the situation alive not everyone was as lucky. Arthur Miller the author of The Crucible conveys this horrific event in his book and demonstrates what fear can lead people to do. But the reason as to why Arthur Miller felt the need to write The Crucible in the first place was because the unfortunate reality that history seemed to have repeated itself again. In the article “Are You Now or Were You Ever”, Arthur Miller claims that the McCarthy era and the Salem witch trials were similar and he does this through his choice of diction, figurative language, and rhetorical questions.
The witches have full responsibility for Macbeth's downfall. Macbeth should have never listened to the witches because from then on, it changed him. The word ‘witchcraft’ has been derived from the word ‘Wicca’ which means ‘the wise one." During the Middle Ages, witches were considered evil, making pacts and connections with the Devil. It was even believed that witches engaged in
In the tragedy Macbeth, William Shakespeare uses a handful of themes to develop the plot. One theme is "fair is foul and foul is fair". The witches originally say this and it echoes throughout the whole story. It means that nothing is what it really what it seems, bad things can turn out to be good, and good things can turn out to be bad. This line points towards the play's inconsistency between appearance and reality.
In Macbeth the prophecies made by the witches have a huge impact on the story. Several prophecies in Macbeth are self fulfilling as the titular characters the knowledge of them are often the reasons the prophecies come true such as when he decided to kill duncan and when he killed macduff 's family. The first set of prophecies put the events of macbeth into motion as it makes macbeth believe what the witches say. The prophecy that makes him believe is “all hail Macbeth, hail to thee, thane of cawdor!”. At first Macbeth seemed skeptical of what the witches were saying until the title of thane of cawdor is actually bestowed upon him.
Ambition can also be used as a weapon as we see in Macbeth by the witches. Being overly ambitious, like Macbeth could kill, drive one crazy, and affect those around someone. Having goals and trying to achieve one’s dream is not a problem, but when it changes one’s heart from good to evil then it becomes a problem. In the play Macbeth, his ambition to become king drove him, had a negative effect on him, and caused people to die. First, because Macbeth heard of the prophecy he tries to achieve it because it sounds good to his ears.
Other example is in Document B when it talks about all the things that happened and that all of that according to the Puritans was “Witchery” that was lack of knowledge because people really did not know what was happening. People was just finding a reason for their bad luck. Because the people did not find a good reason, their beliefs came out and people started thinking about the witchcraft in Salem.
In the book Witches the Absolutely True Tale of Disaster in Salem by Rosalyn Schanzer, there was a religion, puritanism, and they believed in witches. They accused people for being aligned with the devil.It started with two girls who had symptoms of histyeria and others who were not sick also joined the. Nineteen people were wrongly accused of being witches and executed. Later in the book it stated that many of the people that accused those who died, lied. Many of those accused as witches died not just because of the accusers but, because of the unfairness of the trials.The judges of the trials used spectral evidence, ignoring the accused, and the judges were unfair because they believed in witches and want those who were witches dead.
In Arthur Miller’s play The Crucible, many characters change throughout the story. One that stands out is Reverend John Hale. In the beginning he believes the false accusations of Abigail and the other girls. After listening to John Proctor and Mary Warren he realizes their story is more believable. It broke him to know that he was at fault for 19 innocent deaths.
It all started with Tituba claiming she signed the devil 's book. Them people got really worried because the bible stated witches “shall not suffer to live” that gave them reassured opinions because the people followed the bible. Then people noticed that they could get away with accusing other people that they wanted to get rid of. It was the perfect way to get rid of someone your jelous of. Then many people took advantage of the system and from there it went crazy, but I believe The main cause of witchcraft is people taking advantage of it for their own
They believed that the Devil had to have caused them to do such evil things, and they wanted to find the source of it. The authorities questioned the girls, and Abigail confessed that the servant Tituba sent her evil spirit upon them, and made them write in the Devil’s book. It only went downhill from there. Soon many were accused, and they would accuse others in order to save their own lives. It only started however,