46.8 million Americans were reported as uninsured in 2013, which equivocates to one sixth of the population. Those without insurance have revealed that they risk “more problems getting care, are diagnosed at later disease stages, and get less therapeutic care” (National Health Care Disparities Report) and those insured risk losing their insurance. Inadequately covered citizens are often working-class individuals who simply cannot receive insurance due to uncontrollable inconveniences and therefore jeopardize having medical coverage. In these instances, Americans have a chance of being diagnosed with diseases that they had no opportunity to prevent or could not diagnose them at an early stage of the illness. Patients have suffered unnecessarily due to lack of health care, and “18,000 Americans die every year because they don't have health insurance” (PNHP).
The current government is creating a situation where more families along with their children are experiencing homelessness. An individual may be considered homeless when they lack permanent housing and have to stay in shelters, abandoned buildings or vehicles, on the streets, or in other forms of unstable situations. Many homeless people start out with jobs and stable residences, but then social and economic factors intervene, causing a rapid change in their living situation causing them to leave, and live on the street. Even with the population of homeless keeps increasing, the government does not aid nor benefit the homeless because they only worsen the homeless problem by having laws that go against homelessness, not helping mentally ill homeless population, and having the lack of subsidized housing. Homelessness is a complex social issue with a variety of economic and social factors such as poverty, lack of affordable housing, physical and mental health, addictions, and community/family breakdowns.
This is worrying as it is showing that homeless people are not just resorting to crime to maintain basic needs such as shoplifting food, but they are also engaging in crime and risky behaviour to have a night in a bed. Due homeless people resorting to crime it costs society and the tax payer a considerable amount of money. The Department for Communities and Local Government (2012) states that it costs £3,500 to convict a male of shop lifting in the UK. These crimes are common place in the homeless community so cost to the taxpayer can be considered
In Like The Banyan Tree: Images of the Indian American Experience Leela Prasad(1999) quotes, “The International Organisation for Migration said there are more than 200 million migrants around the world today. Europe hosted the largest number of immigrants with more than 70 million and North
This has a detrimental effect on a young person’s start in life as they may have to support their family or live on their own, inevitably leading to relative poverty. Women and young adults are put into vertical segregation immediately in their working life, whereas, horizontal segregation has seen changes in gender roles in the last decade(REF). In addition to this, mental health issues are more likely to occur due to these restrictions, as a poor working environment can trigger a depressive illness(REF). The thought of being made redundant or being in a low paid job, creates financial difficulties and stress. Leading onto suicide rates, for males in the UK statistics revealed an average of 6 thousand per year committed suicide, with the age being between 25 to 34, highlighting mental health issues in today’s society(REF).
The study finds that black people may have poorer mental health as a result of two mechanisms: Firstly; chronic exposure to racial discrimination leads to more experiences of daily discrimination and secondly it results in an accumulation of daily negative events across various domains of life, from family, friends, health and finances. As stated by an online research, “A person’s whole world can change from experiencing discrimination and they can become depressed, anxious and mentally unwell. People who experienced the most racism also recorded the most severe psychological distress scores and more than 70% worried at least a few times a month that their family and friends would be victims of racism.” (VicHealth, 2009). In, addition,
When they develop this diseases, they wouldn’t have enough money to pay for the surgical procedure, let alone 3 meals a day. As they cannot afford this service, more and more people living in poverty develop cataracts and leave them blind for the rest of their lives. For example, the cost of lens transplants are about $8,000 HKD per eye in HK, which $5,000 is for government subsidy and top up the rest by the patience if they cannot wait 2-5 years to have the transplants at government hospitals. Patients that have cataracts can develop anxiety and depression. Research has shown after undergoing cataract surgery allows the person to improve self confidence, reduces falls, and better mental health.
Homeless are often set up for failure by these things so they end up getting into trouble and in jail by not being able to pay for such unreasonable things. Police are already viewed pretty negatively by the homeless and by doing this it just adds to the negativity. So, homeless become even more less susceptible to come to the police for help. Homeless that fining effects are often put in a position where they have no place to go because shelters are either to fall or too violent and sleeping in your car or the streets is criminalized. To conclude I think this solution to getting homeless off the street is moving in the opposite direction.
Illegal trash dumping is a common issue in my neighborhood. We the people are getting tired of having to deal with the consequences of something we aren't responsible for. Many individuals within large cities, must deal with illegal trash dumping. This a growing problem leaving homeowners to resolve this matter alone. My point here is how to make the city and overall community more accountable.
Eatonville, Florida was established in 1886. It was the first incorporated black town in America. It is located about six miles north of Orlando, Florida. It is one of the more than 100 black towns founded between 1865 and 1900. The town’s population in 2000 was 2,432.
In this country, the healthcare system is struggling to incorporate a proper formula to insure an adequate transitions of care between different facilities. Due to these issues, hospitals and community practices are trying to develop better transitions of care systems to coordinate better care with their patients. Hospital readmission rates are becoming alarming, with almost 20% of discharged elderly patients returning to hospitals within a month for the same medical conditions (1). These readmission rates both hurt the hospitals, and more importantly, the patients involved; so, an effective system must be implemented that could ease this transition of care and help reduce readmission rates and healthcare expenses. The National Transitions
Just North of the city of Elizabeth. In the year 2017 Newark had 281 ,764 people. Currently Newark’s population is 756,314. About 310,088 of those people are over 40. The city of Newark was majorly struggling with getting senior citizens from place to place.
The Appalachia region is less racial and culturally diverse than the rest of the United States. Though, this seems to be gradually shifting. Traditionally, the region has been largely occupied by non-Hispanic whites. The 1990 census exposed the beginning of racial and ethnic change of the Appalachian region (Salob, 2014). The proportion of African Americans was 24.9 percent which was approximately three times greater than non-Hispanic whites at 8.1 percent The poverty rate amongst African Americans in Appalachia was 27 percent with 12.1 percent being non-Hispanic whites.
The emergence of public health challenges in the next decade will not be something new and it will not easily fixed. The institutions that are currently in place and have historically contributed to issues of health inequities and will continue to do so unless they are deconstructed and rebuilt with equity in mind. The three most important public health challenges will be the rate of uninsured people and the mistrust that this causes, the medical industrial complex and the effects of trying to deconstruct mass incarceration. The Affordable Care Act raised the rate of insured people in America across gender, age and ethnic lines (Who Gained Health Insurance). The statistics on this topic are staggering, almost every group of Americans gained coverage under the ACA, however with recent plans to repeal the ACA by the new Trump administration it seems that millions of Americans will lose coverage.