Through my research I continuously asked myself; why are there more people of color incarcerated than whites? Is it because they commit more crimes? Or are parts of the criminal justice system flawed and discriminatory? Nonetheless, if the there is some kind of discrimination, does this explain poverty in African American and Hispanic communities? I found that, today, people of color are more likely to be incarcerated and sentenced disproportionally than their white counterparts.
To begin, much of the Latino population in the United States are either in jail or living in unsafe neighborhoods. With the stereotypes given to minorities by those in an American society; minorities are likelier to be looked at suspiciously. Minorities are labeled, and in the case of Latinos they are often stopped and frisked unfairly. Police who feel the need to stop a hispanic person in their own neighborhood just help enforce these stereotypes. With this said, it is no question as to why: white Latino men are much more likely than White men, but only half as likely as Black men, to serve time in prison.
We also learn that most murder victims are male, specifically, African American males. African American males has a six times greater chance than the general population and eight times greater chance than white males in becoming a murder victim. Chapter 18 focuses on crime and
One of the most reliable findings in research on attitudes toward police is that citizen distrust is more widespread among African-Americans than whites. Residents of disadvantaged communities have a considerable risk of experiencing direct and indirect contact with police
Or, to put it in another way: A black driver is 31% more likely to be pulled over than a white driver, or 23% more likely than a Hispanic driver. "Driving while black" is indeed a measurable phenomenon. Also the police department is trying to improve the lawfulness and legitimacy of their policing activities by letting the researcher study the daily activity of police officer. like any other government system there are always some unfairness in the system and the way of getting it fare to every body is a time consuming process. Now days is getting better and
Moreover, people at the low end of social status, poor, are more likely to get arrested for the crimes. However, we all know or sometimes believe that crime is not always evenly spread throughout the social classes. Poor people are more likely to commit crimes, and blacks are more likely to commit crimes such as murder, rape, robbery, and other index crimes (Kornblum ,5.4). Sometimes in society, we see that rich people get a slap on the wrist when they commit a crime; whereas poor people get the whole book at their neck it
In the juvenile system, black children are up to 18 times as likely to be sentenced as adults than white children, and African American youth that is accused of felonies are inclined to be viewed as more at fault for their crimes than are white youth. Research that was constructed by the National Council on Crime and Delinquency and the Center for Children’s Law and Policy suggested that minority youth are presented with harsher treatment than their white peers through almost every stage of the juvenile justice process. The process is already the punishment, but being a minority can make it worse. Minority juveniles are sentenced for longer periods and are less likely to receive alternative sentences or probation compared to white juveniles (Armour & Hammond, 2009,
Racial profiling, poverty and high crime rates are the major contributors to high incarceration rates for African Americans compared to their percent of the general population. Besides social and economic isolation, African Americans have been marked as inherently criminal with the war on drugs and crime targeting them even when the statics shows they are less likely to be in possession of cocaine for example (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). The high number of African Americans on death row is the result of institutional racism. Majority of the judges in the United States are white and more often than not are either implicitly or explicitly biased in their rulings (Walker, Spohn, DeLone, 2012). Institutionalized racism refers to an expression
Racism: Discrimination in the Criminal Justice System As former president Barack Obama stated in 2014, “You have men of color in many communities who are more likely to end up in jail or in the criminal justice system, than they are in a good job or college”(Brady). Racism and discrimination are two distinct things that affect men and women of color in America. Racism and discrimination did not end with the traditional thoughts of the Civil Rights Movement; it is still present in everyday lives whether it is subconscious or not. An example of discrimination in today’s Criminal Justice System is the increased difference of how people of color are incarcerated at a higher rate than those of the caucasian race. This can be seen when one looks
Based on most local and national news stations, minorities are targeted for small crime offenses while majorities are literally blowing up the country. It is understood that the police could more effectively fight crime by targeting minor offenses (Hinkle 1). Those minor offenses are more likely done by minorities but more specifically Black Males. Raja Staggers-Hakim’s article argues the needs of Black male youth, relative to police killings, are captured, and persistent racial stereotypes that are often used to justify the extra judicial killings of unarmed African American boys and young men are challenged. His argument understands the social epidemic of police killings on the emotional and psychological well-being of Black males to put an end to police killings.
The inability to afford proper legal representation has allowed many black youths to serve time in prison for crimes they didn’t commit. Another example of judicial inequality in parity between legal treatments of citizens is the Crack Cocaine Mandatory Minimum Sentences. Before 2010, there were much stricter mandatory minimum sentences when someone was convicted of a crime involving crack cocaine versus powder cocaine. Crack cocaine is much cheaper to produce and buy than powder cocaine, and thus crack cocaine offenders were more likely to be poor and black, while powder cocaine offenders were more often more affluent and white. Thus a disproportionate number of blacks were imprisoned
Some would argue that the police are doing their job and using the skills they have learned. The ones they are using however, are over the top and resulting in injury or death of the people they are arresting. In a “study—which gathered data voluntarily reported to the FBI from 2011–2012, tracked by race (excluding Latinos)— found that 70 departments from Connecticut to California arrest Blacks at a rate 10 times more than people of other races” (Catalan, DiversityInc). In addition, they are using these harsh tactics on primarily African Americans, who most of the time are getting stopped for a traffic violation and end up being hurt or killed. In this case, many officers are abusing their powers, shooting people, and claiming it was an act of self
Based on data collected by the FBI, crime rates have gone down but the number of police shootings have increased. Most of the time when the police fire their guns, it’s because the suspects have ran away. This proves that this is mostly about police hostility. Many people only notice the police shootings when a black man is killed because they look at it as a racial problem. The killings of black men stick out way more