A patriarchy is a system where men dominate, and women are marginalized. The patriarchy can be traced to Aristotle’s writings in Ancient Greece, where he spoke of women as subordinates of men. Aristotle was also dependent on dualism (dividing reality into different spheres). In the case of men and women, men were seen as the rational and women, the emotional. These labels lead to sexist behavior and thus oppression of women, because they were seen as less than men.
Radical feminism is defined as a philosophy that emphasizes the patriarchal roots of inequality between men and women. As well as the social dominance of women by men. Radical feminism has been established in the wider radical movement where women had participated in anti-war and New Left political movements of the 1960s. Women were finding themselves excluded from equal power by the men within the movement. Radical feminism viewed patriarchy as dividing rights, privileges and power primarily by sex, this resulted in the oppression of women and privileging men.
Patriarchy is rooted in gender difference. Lerner (1986) relates gender issues to social construct and cultural behaviour as opposed to biological sexes in a given society. The author described gender as representation socio-cultural roles and is a cultural product which changes over time. Patriarchy might be a diminishing believes, but since it’s a deeply entrenched traditional norms, it will be a difficult challenge to eliminate globally (Warren, 2004; Roberts, 1983). Inhumanity and social studies patriarchy have been categorise at two levels, namely at gender level and latent levels.
This theory chiefly focuses on that men are aggressive and use force throughout their lives. Which came from a patriarchy social system we had in place which held men in power in every aspect of life, from women and children, political power, control of property to the moral authority. Also, some patriarchy religious ideology love to take certain biblical verses and misused them ,and take them out of context. This promotes a model of power and control of the women and children in certain relationships , which manifest into domestic abuse (Pence & Paymar, 1993). The feminist theory obviously tries to find out the main principle of domestic abuse, and in doing so they see the root causes of domestic violence as the consequence of the outcome of us living in a society that aggressive behaviors are perpetrated by men, while the belief that women are socializing to be non-violent(Pence & Paymar, 1993).
The thought of radical feminism usually conjures images of women burning bras, destroying make-up and being anti-men. But these theatrical gestures are only part of the radical feminism movement that emerged in the 1960s, during the second wave of feminism . At its core, radical feminism firmly believes in a patriarchy that is omnipresent and oppressive. In other words, they affirm patriarchy is the key divisor a society that all men benefit from, through the oppression of all women, regardless of class or colour. They feel that society is constructed by the patriarchy to satisfy their desires.
Such a notion not only served it a greater social purpose as it gave more power to men who were seen as natural leaders, but at the same time formed gender identities while preserving the archetype of femininity and masculinity. According to Barbara Welter, a historian and author of The Cult of True Womanhood: 1820-1860 (1966), the nineteenth century American society was a reflection of gender stereotypes where roles assigned to sex held women in the cultural manacles of subordination and limits. The work illustrates the gender boundary between men and women, while focusing on the hailed pure image of a housewife, who suppressed her instincts aspirations, and accepted the chores dictated by the cultural division supporting the policy governed by social hierarchy resulting in misogyny. In this fundamental for this thesis discourse, Barbara Welter provides various exemplars of limiting women’s development and pointed the route regarding little room for intellectual maneuver what translated into docile behaviour. The author writes that “submission was perhaps the most feminine virtue expected of
1. The broad version of feminism that deals with all people states that women and men are morally equal and therefore should have equality in all aspects. The capitalist version of feminism states that more women should hold elite positions within businesses, governments, corporations, etc. This is supposed to be a solution to the problems of traditionally subjugated groups because the disparity of dominance between men and women in the workplace would decrease. If men and women have equal share of powerful positions and hold the same authority then women would be seen as equals, according to capitalist feminism.
A word of patriarchy defines as a domination of male gender or masculinity. That definition comes from the history when men were more important for fighting in wars than women. Throughout the history, men have a superiority over women who can be captured, controlled and administered by men themselves. Based upon to men-supremacy system still maintains its effect after over and over years. The patriarchal system in society let men to direct concrete duties such as financial and power-required status.In the AÇEV research, men who are participated are part in the traditional fatherhood.Traditional fatherhood become partners patriarchy because fathers are unchangeable and authoritative (Akçınar, 2017).
Feminist theory or feminism connects to the concept of a system that devalues women, for the inequality of their sex, based on a social political and economic stand point. The term feminism can be seen as a movement that was aimed to establish equal rights for woman. Involving theories and philosophies on gender differences, these moments can be divided into three waves. Focusing firstly on the feminist waves that begin in the 19th to the 21th century. Beginning with the first wave, dated in the ninetieth century, where members of the woman’s organization movement wanted the right to vote.