In the 19th century, slavery and the Reconstruction was a sore subject for the South. Reconstruction forged civil rights for African-Americans, but once the North’s influenced waned in the South, the South terrorized African-Americans and blocked them from accessing their newfound rights. While Reconstruction may have brought civil rights, those rights were quickly squashed by the South’s racism. Even after certain freedoms were securely gained, every new attempt to make African-Americans equal to the white populace was contested. A large group of people were happy to see slavery ended and civil rights rise.
Reconstruction in 1865 through 1877 was terminated by Southern men due to their lack of acceptance of African Americans in restricting their political rights, not following the North’s precedence of equality, and the assassination of many a men by their ever so popular Klan. Reformation began after the Civil War which was fought over sectional differences and heavy slavery in the South. Southerns had always been pro slavery which contributed to their low treatment of African Americans as a whole. Once the South lost the War they could no longer legally enslave African Americans, but that did not change their persona in the eyes of the rich white men. Equality was a concept for white men according to the South, especially considering that
Crop failures, as well as salt shortages and guerilla raids, plagued Southern communities (3). Deteriorating home-front conditions compelled many families to write soldiers and urge them to desert and return home. In many of these cases, soldiers lost faith in the state 's ability to maintain order and relieve shortages of food and other supplies and chose family loyalty over allegiance to the Confederate army. Desertion proved to be a major problems for Confederate war effort during the Civil War. Desertion debilitated and weakened Confederate military power to such an extent, that various laws and policies were passed in order to stop desertion.
The Civil War left traumatized people and many destroyed cities, which led to the Reconstruction. The Reconstruction was the process of trying to rebuild the South after the Civil War. The North and South had an interesting past in the year of 1876. The election of 1876 was a very controversial election, it was the 100th anniversary of the Declaration of Independence. In 1870, Hiram Revels was the first black senator.
The South would end up rejoining the Union as a crippled, angry population. This is not the outcome the Union had hoped for. Sherman’s march through the South abused the innocent in order to punish and eventually defeat the guilty. He ruined the lives of many civilians in the South and generations of southern civilians to come. This punishment of the whole population showed that Sherman had no interest in a united country.
The reconstruction period was a period in which people of the Southern regions were victims of discrimination and injustice. Several groups of the population were targeted and treated unfairly. Those groups included: The Freemen, Southern citizens, soldiers who fought for the confederacy, and political leaders.
With the rise of white supremacist groups and the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) the persecution of black Americans increased as their freedom was seen as a threat to white Americans. When ex-slaves would try to flee plantations and set up their own farms, they would be lynched or murdered. In 1867, a former slave owner in Tennessee said that they continued to whip, maim and kill black Americans as if slavery still existed. The amendments and acts did not make the perception of black Americans change, by law they were regarded as equal individuals who deserved equal treatment everywhere, but in society they were still regarded as inferior and animalistic, and laws and legislation in southern states were set up to continue that ideology. The ‘Plessy vs. Ferguson’ Supreme Court case approved the ‘separate but equal’ legal segregation.
One of our most famous, or infamous, wars was centered around the enslavement of a whole race because white people in the South needed cheap labor and saw themselves as racially superior. However, after the war I have to admit that the Government at least tried with the Reconstruction Amendments. The 15th amendment gave the right to vote to African-American males which was a huge step in the right direction for change. This new amendment definitely benefited the black community considering there was a rise of African-American officeholders during the Reconstruction Era (Foner,
Government officials agreed with the Espionage and Seditions Acts. The Acts were passed so that people could not say any statements that could interfere with the success of winning the war. People in the United States wanted to win the war, so they were willing to give up some of their rights. In 1918, Charles T. Schenck was convicted because he violated the Espionage Act.
Not Always Black or White: Racial Hazards in America In the pre-Revolution South, and indeed for a century after, there was perhaps no societal construct as indicative or obvious as race. Whiteness in America became the essence of goodness, proprietary, and intelligence, while other skin colors (especially black) represented all that was carnal, instinctual, and bestial. This polarization was staunchly reinforced- whites became paternal or religious figures to their African-American slaves and used numerous tactics to keep them docile, or at the very least, afraid. Being black was it’s own condemnation; If you weren’t white, you were easier to find, hunt down, and subjugate.