The livestock also made the soil more compact causing the soil to carry less water, making the land a less inhabitable environment for plants. This resulted in the Native Americans losing their crops. They also eventually had to start raising livestock and doing other European agricultural practices because, “Hunting too became difficult. Adjacent colonial settlements eventually tried to restrict Indian hunting on English land, and such key food sources as deer became hard to obtain.” (Cronon 103). When the Europeans noticed the Native Americans starting to lack the resources that they relied on, they took advantage of it.
Many people had different perspectives on what events happened during the imperialism in India. Everyone had a different perspective, depending on what they knew about what the British did during the imperialism. The British helped to civilize India during Imperialism. “They develop the territory by building roads, canals, railways, and telegraphs… establish schools and newspapers”(Document 1). They helped them to develop new technology and schools for them.
Many Spanish colonials didn’t want to recognize the Indians as human. They wanted to take control of the people and the land that they “discovered”. Under the first set of Spanish laws in the New World, Native Americans were enslaved and forced to work for the colonials. They had no freedom. However, many Spanish friars realized that what their people were doing was wrong.
The British and their East India Company came to India, motivated by political, economic, and social interests. They desired land, raw materials, money, and control. This left the Indians in starvation and poverty, fighting for the independence of their people. British rule served the English with a government designed to control Indians, taxing them when they were dying from famine caused by British economic cash crop policies, leaving remaining Indians illiterate, and never giving them a chance to benefit from trade links. British imperialism had a negative impact on the politics of India because the British taxed Indians even when they were starving, as well as established a government with an army, police force, and justice system
When the new world was discovered, everyone wanted the land. Settlers crossed the Atlantic for different reasons, these reasons were why they settled. Their government took different approaches to their colonizing efforts. France and Spain had dictatorial kings whose rule was absolute, and the English came from England. The different reasons they came are, sources of colonial population, economic, and relations with the Native Americans.
When the Spanish took over the Aztec capital city, Sepúlveda remarks of how the Native Americans were “oppressed and fearful at the beginning.” The Native Americans were seen as weak willed, for they barely resisted the conquest of their homes. If the Native Americans showed no incentive of retaliating and were better at manual work, it seemed natural to the Spanish that they be enslaved. The Native Americans, on the other hand, saw the Spanish in a different light as well as they watched many Spaniards become obsessed with gold. The Spanish were given Gold as gifts and went crazy just holding it and lusting for more, like savage monkeys. The Spanish, by nature, couldn’t help but become greedy monsters for gold, because in Europe riches were equivalent to power.
According to Webster’s dictionary, expansionism is a policy or practice of expansion and especially of territorial expansion by a nation. While imperialism is the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies. These are two different definitions defining two different things. As expansionism came to an end around 1870, imperialism was just getting started. Competition with other countries, making these countries a military and economic interest rather than taking them over, and the need for new technical advancements all demonstrate that imperialism is not a continuation of prior expansionism.
Document one points this effect out by stating; “...these places can yield the tropical produce (resources) that their citizens need.” The British used India in this way, as a means to advance themselves economically, giving themselves more power. Since the British controlled all of the factors of production in its manufacturing economy, other countries were at a deficit if they wished to trade with the British. In other words, they would purchase from the British, but the British would not purchase anything from them,
Throughout history, many countries were colonized by stronger forces. India is no different; it was colonized by the British during the mid 18th century until the 20th centuries, which is the combination of the eras, also known as the “British rule in Burma”and “British Raj.” Often, it is arguable whether colonization had an influence in forming a societal or cultural aspects of the country that is being occupied. Specifically, if the British colonization of India shaped and had an impact on the culture, education and government rule in India. The first area where the British influenced India’s lifestyle is religion. The British rule had a huge impact on religion in India since the English missionaries established churches in every corner of India.
When the British had control over India they would take their cotton. Next they would turn that into wool and cloth, then sell it back to the Indians. This would mean that for the Indians hard work they would be buying back their own cotton. The British Empire was making profits off of the Indians’ cotton, while the Indians were making no money from their own products. In response to this, Gandhi came up with an idea, and decided that the Indians would spin their cotton and make their own clothes that way.