The thought and work of Martin Luther was part of this religious movement called the Protestant Reformation, which ended with ecclesiastical, religious and political supremacy of the Church of Rome creating European Protestant churches of different denominations. The main difference between the Catholic Church was that Luther was convincing that salvation is trough justification by faith. Although the Reformation was not essentially a religious movement, it resulted in significant changes in almost all aspects of social, economic and political life, with a major impact on the history of the Western world. Luther's ideology caused several differences. The 95 Theses and his criticism of the church generated conflicts in the church world.
The Protestant Reformation changed Christianity from a religion with one omnipotent power, the Catholic Church, to one that encompasses new beliefs differing from the universal church. Religious factions within Christendom began to grow against the corruption of the Catholic Church which lead to the protest for reform. A rise in complaints against the church threatened the social structure of the monarch from the Pope down and challenged the doctrine and practices which provoked the movement towards religious change. As groups began to function independently of the orthodox church both in association and in theology, several theologians would gain notoriety in Europe.
“Every man must do two things alone; he must do his own believing and his own dying.” This was one of the many quotes proclaimed by the infamous Martin Luther, founder of the Protestant Church. Luther was known for breaking away from the corrupted Catholic Church, and creating a whole new branch of Christianity called Protestantism. His actions caused a major strife within the religious world. These events caused many to choose a side between the Catholics and the Protestants.
The Reformation was a time in Europe in the 1500s in which people questioned the beliefs of the Catholic Church. There were many changes made by the catholic church. The people that were responsible were Martin Luther, John Calvin and King Henry VIII. The Protestant Reformation of 16th century Europe was primarily the result of three men and their disagreements with the Catholic Church; Martin Luther, John Calvin, and King Henry VIII forever changed the religious landscape of Europe.
During the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation challenged the beliefs and trusts of the Catholic Church. Between the years of 1517 to 1648, the Protestant Reformation began a time of testing the ideologies of the Church; this resulted in extreme political, religious and social shifts in the Church of England. Protestant reformers began to object the language that the Bible was written in and therefore translated it into various other languages, most notably in English. These religious shifts in Europe initiated changes to the ideology and beliefs of Popes, Bishops, and Priests. This was further fuelled by the influence of the Kings, and the power they held over his people especially King Henry.
Martin Luther was a German monk and professor at the University of Wittenberg in Germany. He is one of Western history’s most significant figures as his actions began the Reformation, a movement for religious reform. He lead a religious revolution that challenged the Church’s power. Martin Luther did more good than harm to the Church and European society as a whole because he sought truth about the Church, recognized that the selling of indulgences was unacceptable, and inspired the people of Europe. Luther recognized that the selling of indulgences was unacceptable and inspired others to speak up in what they believe in.
Luther published the 95 theses on the door of the Castle Church to against the wrong doings of the Roman Catholic. He was excommunicated from the Roman Catholic and had to escape. Bonhoeffer was publicly against the Nazi and the German Evangelical Church which supported the Nazi government. He then was banned from Berlin and forbid to speak in Public. Unlike Luther who had the protection from the Saxony rulers, Bonhoeffer had to face the disagreement from the church and the persecution from the Nazi government.
Believing that he was the ultimate authority of the Church and state, Charlemagne created a set of rules that focused on morals and religious concepts that would be enforced upon the Church. Charlemagne would further expound upon his concept of control over spiritual and secular power in his letter to Pope Leo III in which he is told the Pope’s power is nothing more than that of a feudal lord. However, Charlemagne still recognized Pope Leo III’s religious authority by requesting that the Pope pray for him in return for Charlemagne’s protection. Charlemagne recognizes that the Pope has some religious authority but ultimately, the power of the Pope was limited to Charlemagne’s
The 95 Theses was a list of 95 arguments against indulgences written by a man named Martin Luther. It all started in 1517 when the corrupt church leaders began selling indulgences which is a full or partial remission of sins. Then the church started to sell an indulgence which is a full or partial remission of sin in Germany. Indulgences were by Johann Tetzel(a German priest) under the order of Albert of Hohenzollern (a German Noble) and Pope Leo X to help the funding of building of a newer version of St. Peter’s Basilica. The 95
5. Luther impacted the medieval concept of Christendom from his ideas and theology because he challenged the church’s identity with his radical views. Luther basically ignites the Protestant Reformation. He believed that the Bible should be the basis of all religious life and available to everyone, which became the foundation for Protestantism. Luther attacked the pope because he believed he had no authority and that scripture had the power.
During the period between 1550 and 1648, the view of the Holy Roman Empire, France, and the Spanish Netherlands shifted to perceive religious diversity as a strength and not as a weakness. Following the bloody civil war between Charles V and the Schmalkaldick league, the Peace of Augsburg took the first steps to reestablishing domestic stability. The contract specified in Document 4 illustrates the town council in Saxony mandating the cooperation of Lutheranism and Catholicism with the Catholic church allowing Lutheran priests to perform sermons in the upper balcony. The system helps to ensure domestic stability which goes in sharp contrast to the war under Charles V for religious uniformity. Therefore, Document 4 illustrates that the city council believed that there could be political stability with religious diversity.
Prompt: Compare and contrast the motives and actions of Martin Luther in the German states and King Henry VIII in England in bringing about religious change during the Reformation. During the 16th century as renaissance inspired changes in education and art ,humanist ideas also impacted religion. Major dissatisfaction with the Roman Catholic Church and its traditions made it easier for people to trigger a movement to reform the church and its teachings. There were two reformers Martin Luther, a german theology professor, who came to realise a new comprehension of Christianity, and King Henry VIII, who desired divorce which he could not get because of the disapproval of the Catholic Church. While the motives of their strong persuasion of