The spread of Johannes Gutenberg’s printing press gave accessibility for rapid dissemination of religious materials in the vernacular. The printing press allowed Martin Luther’s theological ideas to be enhanced, amplified, and extended all over Germany. One of the characteristics of Modernity is liberalism, which the printing press was the underlying cause for it because people were able to express new behavior or their opinions and they were willing to abandon traditional standards. Martin Luther did not necessarily want to change the traditional values, but he
The abuses where mostly involved with money since the church was a very wealthy organization. Still, it was a public facility and it was a easy target for the government to attack using their 'abuses' as a way to acquire lots of wealth. One of the main precursors of the Protestant Reformation was the translation of the first hand written English bible in 1380 AD by John Wycliffe. He was well known through Europe for been against the Church in which he believe it had a different doctrine in terms that it was supposed to be following the same propositions of the bible. Despite of his antagonism; for instance, the Catholic Church saw him as a loyal person since they did not witnessed the truth behind his
The Reformation was a period during the sixteenth century in which new ideas were being formed and circulated throughout the communities that resulted in the inevitable breakup of the Church. The Reformation occurred during the Enlightenment along with the ideologies of the Age of Reason, which contributed to the downfall of the Church. In addition to the Enlightenment’s ideas, technology advanced. For instance, the newly invented printing press spread information much faster than before, which played an important role during the Reformation by educating many about Reformist ideas. Before the reformists came into play, Roman Catholicism was the predominant form of Christianity in Europe.
Throughout history, religion has been a major factor in many countries, whether that be Germany, Ireland, or the United Kingdom. An important event taking place in Europe during the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries was the Reformation. This movement began in Germany through Martin Luther, a monk, and eventually spread throughout the continent of Europe. The locations it reached in Europe included Ireland, Scotland and England. Though the three nations were of the same kingdom, all were affected differently by the Reformation.
Using the church’s powers, the pope was able to control every detail of Europe. By time, all of Europe will be changed, by a movement called The Protestant Reformation. The Protestant Reformation first started in Germany. In the 16th century, the church was giving away indulgences to anyone who could afford them. They were slips of paper that were signed by the pope that forgave someone of sin so they can go to heaven.
The Protestant Reformation started in 1517, when a man by the name of Martin Luther posted his Ninety-five Theses on the doors of Wittenberg 's all Saints Church. That may be what historians say started the Protestant Reformation, but there was a lot of uneasy feelings about the Church before Martin Luther. The thing is though; the people were too scared to stand up for what they believed to be wrong. They were scared of what the Church would do if they spoke up. They were right to be scared.
Tudor London was an arena upon which two significant literary mediums made a staggering rise: the printed pamphlet and the modern play. The introduction of print, accompanied by a rise in literacy during the 16th century, had brought with it a significant increase in the number of publications circulating in the London market. The influx of printed publications not only brought literature to the hands of hitherto unreachable audiences, but also turned the book into a commercial product, being sold for profit. These changes in the consumption and production of literature are known to have had significant implications upon style, the perception of authorship and views regarding the role of literature (Burrow, 2000, pp. 11-29).
Not only does the attributes of a charismatic leader leads to success, but the very same attributes can become negative which is then the double edged sword. Thus, the recognition of charismatic leadership and its subsequent careful monitoring is very essential to avert abuses and
They began preaching all over England, they disregarded the traditional ways to conduced instead they took sermons from the bible to attract more followers. The Methodists Church became the most independent religion in England in the Enlightenment era. Meanwhile, In Sweden another religious movement began, this time was the Lutheran Movement led by Phillip J. Spencer (1635-1705) and by Emmanuel Swedenborg (1688-1772). They have similar pattern as the Methodist Church the only differences were that they believe in sciences and revelations. Spencer Left Sweden and moved to Germany.
In contrast to the most powerful sectors of the industry - steel, oil, electricity and chemistry - cultural monopolies would be weak and dependent. Also the last remnants of resistance against Fordism - again here we find reminiscences of the ancient heroic function of autonomous art - were turned into factories. The new factories of creativity (the field of newspapers, cinema, radio and television) were adapted to the criteria of the Fordist factory. The character of the assembly line ordered the creative production of the cultural industry in a similar way as it had done before with agriculture and metal work: through serialization, standardization and total mastery of creativity. "But, at the same time, mechanization has acquired such power over the man who enjoys free time and his happiness, determines so completely the manufacture of products for fun, that the subject can no longer experience anything other than copies.