During the Victorian period in which Dracula was written, morals and ethics were often strictly enforced. Some of the morals that were upheld had to do with personal duty, hard work, honesty, as well as sexual proprietary. It was very important during this period that one was proper in their sexual behaviors and conventional in whom they had sexual relations with. However, during this period, many authors sought to challenge the ‘norm’ with ideas of reform and change and Bram Stoker was no exception to this. In his novel, Dracula, Stoker provides a critique of this rigidity in his portrayal of Dracula and Dracula’s relationship with Jonathan Harker.
New Woman is one of the most prominent theme in Bram Stoker’s novel, Dracula. The New Woman concept was a feminist ideal emerged in the late 19th century when women started to push the limits set by male-dominated society. The figure of the New Woman is independent, free spirited, educated and uninterested in traditional value of marriage and children. The New Women threatened conventional ideas about ideal Victorian womanhood. In Dracula, Bram Stoker discusses the changing roles of women through its two main female character, Mina Harker and Lucy Westrenra.
Truth and Progress: Reconciling Religion and Rationalism to Defeat Dracula Bram Stoker's 1897 novel Dracula deals heavily with the theme of religion and faith, and, framed in the context of a fantastic struggle against an evil vampire, explores a controversy about religion which dominated its contemporary Victorian period—the debate between Christian religion and modern rationalism, an ideology fuelled by recent scientific advancements which provoked religious doubt. Literary critics tend to attempt to fit Dracula to one side or the other of this Victorian debate, but the novel’s position is difficult to discern, as instances of faith versus reason are not presented in binary opposition—neither side is marked as discernibly good or bad. What
The Victorian Era is known for a pious, sexless society where women were considered inferior. While strides have been taken, there is still an inherent bias against sexually liberated women. This shame is still relevant to society today because of its abuse by those in power. Day by day, political scandals involving sexual assault and rape are being revealed on the news. This is only indicative of the willingness of the elite to abuse those working under them- especially young naive women.
Bram Stoker’s novel Dracula, displays the increasing scientific and technological advancements, but demonstrates the importance of religion in the Victorian era. Technology will always be advancing in society, but people choose to use religion that has been around for thousands of years. Victorians do not acknowledge the use of religion, but come to rely on religion to protect themselves against the evil superstitions, in which they never believed in. Stoker’s Dracula, emphasizes the importance of religion against technological advancing era. Stoker uses Transylvania to demonstrate how Transylvanians heavily rely on religion, despite the technological advancements.
The fact that there were some role reversals in the novel, especially among the female characters, made most characters all the more dynamic. All the same, the novel was very obviously influenced by gender roles and when Stoker was writing Dracula there was an obvious dividing line between male and female characters that he would not cross. Stoker’s preoccupation with female sexuality in Dracula “is attested to by the fact that [gender roles] actually come to dominate the story, with the vampire hunters mainly concerned not with Dracula himself but with his effect on their beloved companions” (Dixon) While Mina, who represented the ideal Victorian woman, acted as a support system and assistant to the heroic group of men. While things have changed significantly for men and women alike in the modern age, Dracula will likely remain in place as one of the most famous and telling critiques of Victorian gender
‘Dracula’ is a modern play which is adapted, by Liz Lochhead, from the classic horror novel written by Bram Stoker. The play is set during the Victorian era and develops the key themes that were prevalent during this era such as sexual hypocrisy. Lochhead’s unusual approach paces much more significance on the female characters, in particular, Mina and Lucy and puts much less significance on the more well-known and traditional main characters Dracula and Van Helsing. This repression of sexual desires is expressed as Lucy struggles to cope with the social convention of how Victorian women had to behave. In the opening scene, Lucy has conflicting elements in her character and struggles to cope with social convention as Liz Lochhead describes
The novel, Dracula, had various themes present in the novel some including “Good vs. Evil”, gender, and the consequences of female expression. My creative response portrays the themes of this novel as well as other main parts in the books through the variety of parts and colours I used. The black box represents the “boxes of earth” which Dracula must sleep in when he is powerless during the day. In a way, it was one of his most prominent weaknesses which lead to his downfall at the end of the novel. I painted the box of earth, black on the outside and white on the inside to illustrate the theme “Good vs. Evil” since black is usually known as a colour of evil and darkness, and white is known as good and light.
Embedded within the heart of Victorian England, Dracula offers a unique contribution to the conversations about women and colonization during the Victorian Era, reflecting a period and a people vexed over rapid social and moral change. Throughout the years, Dracula was received very differently. When the novel was first published, it was devoured by the growing middle class, partly due to the Education Reform Act of 1870. This law is what allowed education to be offered to all British children. As a result, more people were able to read in general, and so more people read Dracula as a popular gothic novel.
Bram Stoker had six siblings and was born to upper-middle-class Irish Protestant parents on 8th November 1947. His most famous work is considered to be ‘Dracula’ which overshadowed his other works and claimed the throne of his masterpiece. The gothic masterpiece published in the late nineteenth century in 1897 still retains its title of classic with its representation of the accumulated Carpathian Mountains folklores and myths through the presentation of the story in the form of letters, Journal entries and clippings of the newspaper articles by one of the character from the story Mina exhibits the gothic element of dread and mysteriousness through its first person perspective linking the reader with the events in the present time thus making the exploration and the expansion of the plot to occur at the same time as the character unfolds them. The novel ‘Dracula’ established the concept of vampires though not original holistically but still its eminent creation of the vampires in the catalogue of the eerie and ghostly creatures can be seen still in the modern society, where people who have not even read this novel knows about the superstitions of how to kill a vampire and the list of things that could protect them like Christian cross and garlic, etc. The modern day vampire adaptations repeats on the original motifs created by Bram stoker and thus makes the presence of the Dracula in the classic fiction as an indispensable status.