The Relationship Between Human Rights And Conflict

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CHAPTER TWO
LITERATURE REVIEW AND THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK
2.1. Introduction
In almost every region of the world, governments abuse the basic human rights of their citizens through the use of torture, violence and by stifling freedom of speech, assembly, and religion, among other things (Ausderan, 2014). This has resulted in several studies conducted on human rights violation and conflict by different scholars. For example, Parlevliet, (2002:8-43) examined the link between human rights and conflict management, and argued that conflict management can contribute to the protection and promotion of human rights in a variety of ways. Thoms and Rons (2007:1-25) discussed the relationship between human rights violation and internal conflicts. They observed among other things that abuse of physical integrity is associated with conflict escalation, with repressive regimes most at risk. Walsh and Piazza (2010, 551– 577) also studied how respect for physical integrity rights reduces terrorism. Their study shows that respect for physical integrity rights is consistently associated with fewer terrorist attacks. Haschke (2011:1) also opined that the violations of physical integrity rights are not limited to authoritarian regimes.
These studies have brought about a debate on the extent to which regime type influences human rights violation and conflict escalation. Some scholars such as Cingrenalli and Richards (1999) argue that human rights are more likely to be violated under

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