The Relationship Of Carthage And Rome

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Carthage and Rome were two great rivals of the west who also almost equal in strength and resources, situated of the western Mediterranean and Italian Peninsula. Firstly, it is very important to know that Rome 's relations with Carthage down to 264 B.C.E. had been friendly. The two powers had even allied around 500 B.C.E. against the Etruscans. By this treaty Rome recognized the Mediterranean as Carthage 's sphere of influence, and Carthage even claimed a Roman could not wash his hands in the sea without its permission (The flow of History, n. d.). Carthage was originally a colony of Tyre, and had come to be the capital of great commercial empire on the northern coast of Africa. Tradition holds that Phoenicians settlers from Mediterranean port of Tyre founded the city of Carthage on the northern coast of Africa around 814 B.C (History.com, 2017) under Queen Dido who was driven from Tyre and landed in Africa. However, to trace how Carthage became almost the equal of Rome showing the strength of both and how this conflict led to Rome becoming a naval power, it is important to give the background of each in their basis of power and strength. To start with, Carthage brought into the Western Mediterranean the ideas and civilization which the Phoenicians had developed in the east (Morey, W.C., 1901). Carthage base her power in trade and commercial supremacy, where she brought under control the trading colonies of northern Africa and many Greek cities of Sicily, and Italy as

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