By using the three main categories for Corporate Strategy which is stability, growth and retrenchment would guide the corporations toward its goal and objective. The advantage of corporate strategy in connection with the corporation’s goal and objectives is that a corporation can gain financial advantage if it enters into a joint venture or acquires other companies it can increase profits, cash flow and borrowing power. Another strategy is functional strategy. This is used to maximize resource productivity and achieve corporate and business unit objectives and strategies. It is concerned with developing and nurturing a distinctive competence to provide the corporation with competitive advantage.
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has gained its importance as an essential activity for corporate nationally and internationally. It has become a matter of utmost importance for diverse groups demanding change in the business orientation. From 1980 to 2000, corporations recognized and started accepting a responsibility towards society. CSR implies some sort of commitment, through corporate policies and action. This operational view of CSR is reflected in a firm's social performance, which can be assessed by how a firm manages its societal relationships, its social impact and the outcomes of its CSR policies and actions.12 The term ‘corporate social performance’ was first coined by Sethi (1975), expanded by Carroll (1979), and then refined
Scorecard The Balanced Scorecard (CMI), also known as Balanced Scorecard (BSC) or dashboard is a tool that allows to establish corporate control and monitor the objectives of a company and its different areas or units. It can also be considered as an application that helps a company to express the objectives and initiatives necessary to comply with its strategy, showing continuously when the company and employees achieve the results defined in its strategic plan . Unlike other business intelligence tools The Balanced Scorecard differs from other Business Intelligence tools such as Systems Decision Support (DSS) or Executive Information Systems (EIS), which is more oriented monitoring indicators that the detailed analysis of information
What is corporate compliance? Compliance - The word compliance is defined as the act of adhering to or conforming to a law, rule, demand, or request. In a business environment, conforming to the laws, regulations, rules and policies is a very important part of business operations often referred to as "corporate compliance." Corporate compliance involves keeping a watchful eye on a fast-changing legal and regulatory climate, and making the changes necessary for the business to continue operating in good standing within its industry, community, and customer base. In a broader sense, corporate compliance extends beyond mere legal and regulatory conformity into the realm of promoting organizational ethics and corporate integrity.
The more challenging environment requires new solutions to match changing business setup and strategies. Here a company requires corporate finance advice. Corporate finance teams contributes in the well being of company by assisting company managers to take the right financing decisions in order to maximize the shareholder
A system to check and balances the benefit of all the board of directors and to avoid some of top management from making decisions that only benefit themselves is created and named corporate governance. Corporate governance means the system of rules, practices and processes by which a company is directed and controlled. The set of rules provided as a guidelines for the board of directors to make sure that accountability and fairness in a company’s relationship with its stakeholders such as financiers, customers, management, employees, shareholders and also society in order to achieve company’s goals and targets in a manner that add a value to the company. All of the stakeholders play an important role in corporate governance to ensure that
Corporate governance is defined in the King IV Report as the “exercise of ethical and effective leadership by the governing body towards the achievement of the following governance outcomes: • Ethical culture, • Good performance, • Effective control and • Legitimacy.” The purpose of this Corporate Governance Policy is to facilitate and encourage the ethical management of the company by its Board of directors, management and stakeholders in order to achieve the primary objectives of the company being sustainability, profitability and increased contribution to the socio-economic stability of our economy. DEFINITIONS Board “the Board of Directors of the Company” Director “a member of the Board of the company, as contemplated in section
The participants include the board of directors, managers, shareholders, creditors, auditors and stakeholders (Ramadhan, 2012). It further identifies the rules and procedures incorporated in decision making within corporate issues. Incorporation of corporate governance enhances the development of a structure that seeks to enhance proper achievement of organizational objectives through identification and incorporation of social, legislative, market and environmental aspects that directly affect the corporate functions of the organization. The adoption of the Act sought to ensure that businesses adopted high operational standards necessary in influencing the adoption of effective financial procedures that meet the stakeholder interests. Therefore, the adoption of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act within U.S. firms remained instrumental in ensuring that the firm meets the financial obligations of stakeholders through the adoption of the corporate governance
Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), by definition, refers to the responsibilities of business that go beyond that of its obligatory economic, legal and technical requirements and more towards philanthropic actions for sustainability. It is rooted from the belief that a business owes certain responsibilities towards the society and stakeholders beyond that of making profits. Corporate ethics, which are the morals of right and wrong regulating the conduct of businesses, works side by side with CSR. In today’s increasingly globalized and corporate world, plagued by exploitation, inequalities and corruption of corporate irresponsibility, ethical behavior and CSR has grown in importance and has turned into an evident priority for business leaders.
Fiduciary duty: A fiduciary duty is a legal obligation to act in the best interest of a client or broader corporate entity. It sets the expectation that directors and officers place the interests of the firm over their personal interests. Business judgment rule: The business judgment rule lays out two requirements for directors and officers: that they uphold the duty of care and the duty of loyalty. In brief, they must conduct reasonable research before making corporate decisions, and must not prioritize private interests. Key fiduciary obligations of corporate directors: Corporate directors must pursue the best interests of the “corporate person,” serving as “trustees” of the stockholders.