Corruption In The Renaissance

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The Renaissance was a cultural movement covering the period roughly from the XIV to the XVII century. The word ‘renaissance’ is from French meaning rebirth, and refers to the restarting of thought, learning and culture. It began in Italy and later spread to the rest of Europe, although the changes of the Renaissance were not the same across the whole the Europe. In culture it included new developments in both Latin and Vernacular Literatures with learning based on classical sources. In art the development of linear prospective and other techniques gave a more natural reality. There is a general agreement that the Renaissance began in Florence, Italy. Various theories have tried to explain why, focusing on factors including the…show more content…
Religious leaders such as Erasmus and Luther proposed reform to the Church based on humanist criticism of New Testament. It was Luther, who published the ’95 Theses’ in 1517. Here he challenged the Pope’s authority and argued against corruption. This led to the Reformation, a break with the Roman Catholic Church and formation of the Protestant Church. The rediscovery of ancient texts and the invention of printing made learning much more available, and allowed the faster spread of ideas. Science and art were very strongly linked in the early years of the Renaissance, with people such as Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo being polymaths rather than simply artists. Da Vinci made observations and controlled experiments, and his principles of research has led to him being described as ‘the father of modern science’. In 1492 the discovery of ‘New World’ by Christopher Columbus challenged the classical world view as the ancient works of Ptolemy on geography and Galen on medicine were found not always to meet everyday observations. More general scientific revolution began in 1543, when ‘De Humani Corporis Fabrica’ or ‘On the workings of the human body’ which gave a mechanical view of an anatomy, was first printed.…show more content…
The humanists believed that it was important to enter the afterlife with a perfect mind and body. They argued that this can only be done through education. The purpose of humanism was to create a universal man who combined both, physical beauty and intellectual excellence and who would be honorable in virtually any situation. The Renaissance can therefore be seen a period of great change and development across Europe. The Roman Catholic Church fought to maintain its power while Europe came in to contact with other religions and Christians themselves began to question the role and dominance of the Vatican. Added to that, were discoveries in all fields including anatomy and astrology and even physical discoveries such as Columbus’s voyage to the New World. It is against this background that some of the greatest works of art were created by some great artists. This polymaths would have had opinions shaped by the discoveries and developments of the time, but would have depended on the Church to commission and pay for their work. The question is: To what extend the Church and new
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