As the world took a shift in ideas from the classical into the Renaissance period, these ideals changed not only in thoughts, words, and deeds, but also transformed the artistic expression of the world forever. This paper will discuss this transformation as it relates to the growth of scientific knowledge and how it is used in art. We will visit three works of art from three major stylistic periods. The periods that we will draw from are the Renaissance, Baroque, and Rococo periods. We start here with the Renaissance.
What were the ideals of the Renaissance, and how did Italian artists and writers reflect these ideals? The Renaissance was the most radical rebirth of art, learning, and literature throughout the 14th through 16th centuries. It sparked a change in the way people thought and brought forth multiple cultural and social revolutions. The Renaissance marked the conversion from an agricultural, medieval Europe to the urbanized, modern Europe in which is seen today. The core facets of the Renaissance include, humanism and individualism.
2) To what extent the various features spread by Dante in both, his philosophical and political treaties (Convivio and De Monarchia) allowed his own thought to have a cultural life lasted for centuries up to our days? 3) To what extent Dante 's political thought is able to explain the huge popularity that this author acquired particularly during the Italian Risorgimento and during the European Romanticism? In an attempt to find some significant answers for the above questions, our first step will be the analysis of the historical-cultural background that characterised Dante 's century and that in turn influenced his political and philosophical thought. The historical-political background during Dante 's century. According to Gabriele Rossetti, Dante 's century "represented one of the most calamitous era of the history" (Rossetti, 1832, p.37), as it saw the continue struggles between the two powerful institutions of the time such the Church and the Empire, which dominated not only Italy but also the European, political scenario.
Birth of Venus The Renaissance was a period in time that sprang up in Italy directly after the Middle Ages. The term renaissance means “re-birth.” In Mediæval and Modern History, Myers defines the Renaissance as the reentrance into the world of that secular, inquiring, self-reliant spirit which characterized the life and culture of classical antiquity. Western Europeans’ started to form their own kind of literature and art which created a new culture. Many people referred to the renaissance as an intellectual movement; authors and artist started to become very famous for their creative works of art as they started to put a new modern spin on it, while intellectually improving the quality of it as well. One specific artist who was apart of this
The scenes Michelangelo painted on the Sistine Chapel are the embodiment of Renaissance art and the pinnacle of creativity of the time period. The many scenes on the ceiling are painted in the style of the classics which is indicative of the rediscovery going on around them. The paintings show the characteristics of the Renaissance that we talked about in class. The scenes of the Sistine Chapel are Renaissance art because the embodie the ideas and values of the Renaissance. In the Renaissance, one of the driving factors was individualism or focusing on ones self.
Interest in Platonism was especially strong in Florence under the Medici. The ideas of Platonism were quickly re-introduced to the Italian city-states because of the works of Marsilio Ficino, who translated Plato’s work and provided Italy with a synthesis of Christianity/Platonism (he translated Plato’s work in Modern Latin) that would provide all of the Italian city-states with an overview of the revived culture. 4) Renaissance Hermeticism. Hermeticism, also called Hermetism, is a religious tradition based primarily upon writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus. These writings greatly influenced the Western Renaissance tradition and were considered to be of great importance during both the Renaissance and the Reformation.
Essay 2 The Renaissance and the Enlightenment are two important changing point in European History where people discovered new art forms and invented the latest technology. Both the Renaissance and the Enlightenment contributed many important things to European culture. The Renaissance was a cultural rebirth through the 14th century to the middle 17th century that mainly focused on improving the arts and literature. Some of the famous artists were Michelangelo, Leonardo Da Vinci, and Raphael. These artists created beautiful pieces of art that contributed to and defined the essence of the renaissance.
The Renaissance was a time for human achievement, art, and literature. The effects of the Renaissance can still be seen today, and it changed man greatly forever, hence Renaissance meaning rebirth. Prior to the Renaissance, however, the Middle Ages occurred. The Middle Ages were a time of war and conquest after the fall of Rome, lasting from about 500 to 1300. Throughout Europe, a system referred to as Feudalism was in effect, and the Roman Catholic Church was the dominating power.
Martin Luther, the man who can be credited with the start of the Protestant Revolution, wrote a paper called the 95 Thesis. As John Man said in Gutenberg: How One Man Remade the World with Words, “As Rome prepared the heavy artillery, Luther fired off more salvos with the help of the press. His sermons, tracts, and polemics, all in German… streamed from the presses by the hundreds of thousands.” (Document D) With Luther and many other reformers, the church started to lose power. And much of their success was due to the help of the printing press, spreading their thoughts (Document E). The printing press didn’t only help the reformers of religion though.
When we think about sculptures we usually look back to ancient Greek and some of its famous sculptures like the statue of Zeus or the Discus Thrower. Ancient Greek was where sculptures seem to originate and influence later periods. Like the Renaissance in Europe. Renaissance was the “rebirth of classical Greece and Rome”(Hoeschen) which makes sense regarding the fact that the renaissance sculptors seemed to draw inspiration from the classical art of Greece and Rome. For instance a great example would be Ancient Greek Artist Antioch’s famous Venus de Milo and later Greek influenced artists Michelangelo from the renaissance famous Pieta.