During the Carolingian Renaissance there was a drastic change in visual arts. Illuminated manuscripts, illustrations, ivory carvings, metal work, sculpture, and architecture flourished during the Carolingian era. Illuminations, ivory, and metalwork work from this time showed an interest of copying motifs and models. The sculpture of the time worked with stucco. At the church of St. John Abbey in Mustair, Germany a sculpture of Charlemagne still remains as a visual example of the skill of Carolingian sculptures and the beauty of their craft.
Medici was the first princely dynasty to win through commerce but not by warfare, marriage or inheritance. The Most powerful family in Italian Renaissance period came to power through business dealings banking. – Bank of the Vatican and papacy - Spent tremendous amount of money supporting the arts and the cultural development of the city. In 1397, Giovanni de Medici, the banker to the papal court, established the headquarters in Florence. As a wealthy and influential citizen, Giovanni had a virtually no choice but to participate in public life, holding almost every political office in Florence at same time.
Following the years of devastation and turmoil from the Dark Ages, including the Black Plague and the constant decline of the Church was a period of rebirth and revival. This period was called the Renaissance, meaning rebirth, and indeed this point of history was fueled by the both the desire for exploration and innovation, and the surge of interest in learning. The Renaissance revived the flame of passion for learning Classical Greco- Roman scholarship and values. In addition to the revisiting of ancient Greek and Roman means of learning, new ways of thinking were introduced, and all forms of art, literature, mathematics, and sciences were in their prime. Several great minds flourished in this period of history.
The Medici family, otherwise called the House of Medici, emigrated to Florence from the Tuscan highland amid the 12th century. Through banking and trade, the Medici family came to be as one of, if not the most opulent families in Italy. Nonetheless, it wasn 't until the 13th-15th century that the Medici initiated converting their riches into political capital, making them the informal, yet undisputed, leaders of Florence. The family 's engrossment and advocacy in creative arts and humanities made Florence into the backbone of the Renaissance, a social blooming matched just by that of antiquated Greece. Historical evidence suggests that the Medici Family originated from the Tuscan village of Cafaggiolo.
Renaissance artist used this concept to create famous pieces of art. Linear perspective also impacted architecture drawings. It helped provide a new way of showing and thinking about space. In the year 1421, Filippo Brunelleschi was commissioned by the Medici family to design a building for them. The Medici will later use the Old Sacristy as a tomb for their family.
The Humanist movement in Italy represents a revival of classical themes through texts and art in order to learn about human life. This guided artists and scholars through their lives. Renaissance artists took inspiration for their artistic themes and portrayal of the human body from classical antiquity. This was evident especially with two artists, Raphael and Michelangelo, who worked under the Papacy, while flourishing during the High Renaissance by drawing influences from other artists. Raphael and Michelangelo’s artworks reveal Renaissance themes of intellectual importance, and the humanity of the individual with their style of artwork and method for creation by drawing on humanism’s focus on antiquity.
Families like the Medici were a well known family. The Medicini originated from Florence, Italy and were a powerful banking family (Ellis 337). They had profited, and had made a fair amount of money. Many other families were similar to the Medici, and the middle and wealthy class flourished in lively cities. Money translated into cultural and political power (Ellis 337).
Due to the spread of humanism throughout Italy, artists were shaped by the revival of Greco-Roman teachings. The beauty and mystery of the natural world and the importance of education were once again esteemed as they were in Ancient Greece and Rome. To conclude, the spread of humanism and the reemergence of individualism had a major impact on the formation of Italian Renaissance
This essay is about the influence of the Medici family on Florentine art and the development of humanist thought. The Medici family had a lot of power for four generations (1418-1494) as they were a wealthy family who owned banks and got their money from “banking interests”. They “molded and manipulated, controlled and cajoled, persuaded and poked” the citizens of Florence until 1494, when the angry citizens overthrew the Medici family. The family created their own “personal work of art” in Florence by filling up the city-state with classical antiquity. They had so much of control over their citizens that later on, the citizens accepted and followed the way of living that the Medici family demanded.
Renaissance literally means ‘rebirth’ and is the name for a great cultural movement that had its inception in Italy during the early 1300s. It had a large focus on classical antiquity, which is reflected in the visual arts and architecture made under this period. The two primary renaissances were the Italian renaissance, the ‘original’ renaissance, and the Northern renaissance, the renaissance that formed through cultural diffusion from Italy. The Northern renaissance occurred in Europe north of Italy; France, Germany, the Netherlands, England and Spain. Due to the cultural and geographical differences between these two areas, the Northern renaissance evolved into quite a different movement.