In the light of an Enlightenment era radical ideas were nothing new, however radical ideas against the British government (and the european lifestyle in general) were dangerous. The founders were directly influenced by the enlightenment, Thomas Jefferson even had paintings of Locke, Bacon, and Newton in his home. The Colonists of that day, especially the learned men were raised to believe that founding a government was one of the greatest things a person could do. Thomas Paine wrote “We have it in our power to begin the world over again.” The American revolution started as an Enlightenment movement, guided by Enlightenment principles, and brought about by the Children of the Enlightenment. The Revolution began as an infringement on the rights of English citizens, not American rights.
In Thomas Jefferson’s letter to Philip Mazzei, he describes the “Aristocratic Party”, he points out the shift of the people in power. He recounts how the ruling body is now mostly controlled by men who don’t support republican ideals, these are the federalist. They are shifting the away from what the war was trying to achieve and instead looking towards Britain. Only the legislative branch still holds the ideals of the revolution and the need for liberty. While the rest of the ruling party forgot what they were fighting for and many were enticed by the treacherous British.
1. The main reasons why the French Revolution started were because of Louis XVI. Louis XVI reduced privileges and increased taxes because of France 's action in the American Independence War. This caused the people of France to go against their king. The French Revolution was so violent that it caused the destruction of the monarchy and it also caused King Louis XVI to be executed.
As Austria was a multiethnic empire of the great powers, Metternich believed, needed to repress nationalism and create a system of collective security to maintain the statusquo. To that end, Metternich advocated aggressive intervention in any country that threatened the conservative order. A master at art of diplomacy, Metternich managed to convince his international colleagues to accept many of his conservative principles. Metternich was synonymous to the conservative opposition to change. He believed that the best form of government was monarchy based on a deep-rooted claim to the throne.
The presence of the political system, absolutism in which a single person rules in the form of a national monarchy, began to grow because of the religious wars that took place after the Protestant Reformation in the 16th and 17th centuries. This was the system enforced in France up until the 18th century when a burst of knowledge, known as the Enlightenment arose and people began to challenge the social, political and economic foundations of their country. The morale and newfound information from this led to the French Revolution in which the middle and lower classes of France rose up against the absolute ruler, King Louis XVI, was a turning point in history, causing major changes to not only the people of France but also many other nations and regions around the globe. A major downside of the revolution was the abundance of hypocrisy seen as they fought for liberty, equality, and fraternity but in the process violated each and everyone of them. While King Louis XVI and Queen Marie Antoinette sat in their beautiful castle bathing in luxury and wealth, the people of France were plagued with social, political and economic struggles that their leaders ignored.
The 3rd estate revolted against the king and formed a National Assembly to be heard and represented. Another important political cause of the Democratic Revolutions can be found in Document #1. The document was created by Thomas Jefferson, who was a colonial leader. The document was written in Philadelphia of July 4, 1776 for the British government, colonist, and congress to say why they want their independence. The British colonist wanted their freedom and didn’t want to be in control of the king any longer.
Introduction The American Revolution was a war between Great Britain and America as America was fighting for their independence. The colonists disliked the way they were being treated by the British. Small arguments have led to larger fights that got to the point where America started to fight for their independence. II. The Boston Tea Party One
The American Revolution also commonly referred to as the War of Independence”, emerged during the 1700s following increased tensions, thus between the 13 American colonies patriots and the British Crown and only halted after America became a sovereign nation. This paper provides insights into some of the primary causes behind the American Revolution by analyzing the basis as well as the outlook of a shared political ideology, major complains with regard to British governance and denial of voting rights and the American citizens’ participation in rebellions against British rule. The political ideologies of revolting the British Crown largely came from European enlightenment which stem from somewhat a different American philosophy. One of the major European enlightenment philosophers that was a great influence was John Locke who led the political ideologies of liberty in his Two Treaties of Government. In his 1690 treaties, Locke rejected the notions of kings possessing what can be termed as “divine rights to rule over other”.
Due to the American Revolution, other Spanish and Portuguese colonies in the Americas started rebelling against their colonial masters for independence. This would mean that a new powerful nation would emerge that would endanger French and Spanish claims to territories. American Revolution meant a major loss of balance of power and prestige for the Great Britain. Britain was the world superpower at the time of the American Revolution. Over time, the US began catching
Industrial Revolution started in Great Britain and the key factors are the technological innovations that were invented. The social, economic and political changes in the previous centuries in Great Britain contributed. Whereas absolutism stayed the normal form of power execution through most parts of Europe, institutions ensured property rights and political safety to the people in the UK after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. Aided by these legal and cultural foundations, an capitalist spirit and consumer revolution drove industrialisation in Britain, which would be emulated in countries around the world. However, historians continue to debate when and how exactly such a "revolution" took place and of what factors propelled this turning