The Right To Freedom Of Religion

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INTRODUCTION “Religion is a matter of man’s faith and belief.” The right to freedom of religion is recognized both in international law and the Constitution of India. Throughout history, there has been a development of the right to freedom of religion and the freedom has been incorporated in international legal documents. Article 1 of The United Nations Charter, drafted in 1945, states that “(3) To achieve international cooperation in solving international problems of an economic, social, cultural, or humanitarian character, and in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion.” Article 18 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights [UDHR] adopted on 10 December, 1948 states that “Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching practice, worship and observance.” Article 18 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights [ICCPR] states that “1. Everyone shall have the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right shall include freedom to have or to adopt a religion or belief of his choice, and freedom, either individually or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in worship, observance,

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