“Soviet communism paid a heavy price for what it did to Orwell in Spain. Out of that came Animal Farm. An attack on the myth of the nobility of Soviet Communism” states Russell Baker, author of the preface to George Orwell’s Animal Farm (Orwell vi). In this statement, Baker is referring to Orwell’s experiences in while he fought in the Spanish Civil War. Even though Spain was far away from Russia, it didn’t escape Stalin’s influence.
Trotskyism can be generally defined as a form of socialism lead by Leon Trotsky. The purpose Orwell had for writing this novel was to expose how Stalinism betrayed the perfect conceptions of the socialist revolution in the Soviet Union. Orwell explained, “I thought of exposing the Soviet myth in a story that could be easily understood by almost anyone and which could be easily translated into other languages.” He used animals to replace humans so that on the surface it was a fun and entertaining story but it actually had a deeper meaning that attacked higher social class people that abuse their power in government. Animal Farm is parallel with the Russian Revolution because many of the book characters resemble figures who played an important role in or around the Russian Revolution. The events in the novel also take on characteristics of real life events from the time period and many of the ideas in the
Is Gerrymandering a Controversial Topic? Gerrymandering is a process where the ruling political party uses the map of their state to draw lines that create voting districts in favor of their party. The result of this is that it doesn’t reflect the voters political views. For about 200 years the government has used gerrymandering during political elections and it continues to be used today (King, Elizabeth) . But recently gerrymandering has become more controversial because people feel that it has taken away their rights as a voter and it swings the votes to one side by a big percentage.
Imagine a life without television and social media to report the news and tell you what is happening in the world, that is the reality for North Koreans. North Korea is a country based on the complete censorship of true media and internet access to most of its citizens. The extreme censorship in North Korea’s society is neglecting the fundamental human rights of people and is forcing them away from having any truth or opinions about the world around them. North Korea censors all media outlets and journalists to control what their citizens read, see, and even hear about the world around them. North Korea’s “goal is not to inform, but to indoctrinate and control common people,” (Lankov).
And all who wanted to worship god where supposed to worship the one true leader – Stalin. Hiding behind the lies of creating communism, he made USSR a nationalistic country with a totalitarian dictator. And any hope for personal freedom was lost. People were controlled and watched over. It could be said that whatever foundation for Communism was built by Lenin, was completely erased by his successor.
One instance of lying is when Squealer was trying to explain that they will begin engaging in trade and says, “He assured them that the resolution against engaging in trade and using money had never been passed, or even suggested. It was pure imagination, probably traceable in the beginning to lies circulated by Snowball.” (page 64) This is a blatant lie as two of the Ten Commandments set at the beginning of the story were that animals can’t engage in trade or use money. After this rule became inconvenient to the pigs they changed it without asking or informing the other animals. Then they lied and convicted the animals that it never existed by diverting blame to Snowball who they would believe deceived the animals. Other examples lies are those told about Snowball after he fled the farm, such as when Squealer asked, “Did we not see for ourselves how he attempted — fortunately without success — to get us defeated and destroyed at the Battle of the Cowshed?” (page 79-80).
After the death of Lenin, there was a power struggle, in which the new dictator is extremely ruthless and paranoid. In both situations it caused various individuals to have their rights taken away while other individuals took advantage of the situation.The allegory in Orwell’s novel, Animal Farm, reveals the conflict between individual rights and societal concern as certain individuals only took interest in their own welfare and disregard societal concern. The actions of Napoleon, a Berkshire boar who takes leadership of Animal Farm, is similar to Joseph Stalin’s, the new dictator of the USSR, as they both kill for their own greed of power. An instance where Napoleon had killed for his own benefit would be when the nine dogs, that Napoleon has raised, executed that animals that had confessed to being in league with
He therefore believes that utopia is impossible since power would always lead to corruption. “Animal Farm”, although written as a an animal moral tale, has a profound and philosophical meaning when looked into deeper. The novel is an allegory story about a period in Russian history staring from the Tsar’s Russia to Stalin’s USSR. Using simple and symbolic terms, Orwell describes the development of communism and dictatorship, their weakness, and provokes criticism to socialist community. Orwell concludes that no society is perfect, no pure socialist civilization can exist, and there is no way to escaping the evil grasp of capitalism.
Animal Farm recreates the rise to power of the dictator Joseph Stalin. As soon as they overthrow the human oppressor Mr. Jones with a democratic union of animals, the power is then quickly shifted towards the pigs. The message that Orwell points out is flaws of communism and conveys that equality cannot be achieved. People in power always want more and abuse their power. George Orwell, when asked about his book, stated that the goal was to show that this wasn’t unexpected.
The regime goes as far as attempting “to restrict the people’s movement even inside their own country” (Liberty in North Korea, 2016). Many of these restrictions cause the citizens to become isolated from the rest of the world. North Korea forbids their citizens to make contact with and know about the outside world as they do not want their citizens to have any reason or means to rebel after