The Robot Age: The Robot Age

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The Robot Age Making Things Work Smarter & Better by John Paraiso for REACH Past the first decade and a half of the 21st century, robots are everywhere. Used in rescue operations, in space exploration, and you might not believe that miniature robots are now available to clean your houses, or humanoid robots doing a nanny’s job in day care hospitals in Japan. You may think that robots are just a modern contrivance of the late half of the 20th century, a recent technology, but you will be surprised to know that the idea and the creation of robots began as early as 350 BCE, in Ancient Greece according to lore. Slave to the Grind Coined by the artist Josef Čapek, the brother of famed Czechoslovakian author Karel Čapek. The word ‘roboti’ from the Old Church Slavic ‘rabota’, meaning ‘servitude’, derived also from ‘rabu’, meaning ‘slave’. Keren then introduced the word in a theater production called Rossum’s Universal Robots, which debuted in January of 1921. But the idea of a mechanical automation started even earlier than 1921. Around 400 to 350 BCE, the ancient Greek mathematician Archytas constructed a mechanical bird out of wood that used steam to power its flight and wing flaps. The bird, suspended from a pivot bar, could also fly for about 200 meters before it ran out of steam, the first known, self-powered robot. The Clepsydra or water clocks had movable figures on them, designed in 250 BCE by Ctesibius of Alexandria, a physicist and inventor from Egypt.
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