A) History of Magic (Word Count: 170 ) Roni Natov explains why including the ordinary in a story of magic is important in the article “Harry Potter and the Extraordinariness of the Ordinary. It is pointed out that the Harry Potter series is based in reality, unlike other fantasy novels which take place in another world. This allows the series to address many events that children go through. Harry Potter represents what all children feel, that the world is unfair, in an extreme way. He is able to overcome the unfair and dark situations with his supernatural powers, while remaining an ordinary boy.
This question is essentially a test to the audience to distinguish where they may fall on the personality spectrum: is the audience still at the Id stage, where the answer may contain a lie, or has the audience progressed to the Ego stage, where they can make a decision on what is morally right or wrong and to follow the guidelines that they have been taught. According to Freud, the Ego is “the part of the personality that maintains a balance between our impulses (our Id) and our conscience (our SuperEgo). The theme that pleasure is only temporary would not be understood by a child without adult supervision and assistance. Therefore, to say that The Cat and the Hat is only about not allowing a stranger into the house is too simple. The child reader of audience has to decide a moral question: to lie or to be
However, Freudian theories such as the Electra and Oedipus complex show us that from these themes of madness in Greek tragedy, we have derived a more psychological viewpoint which we now use to help diagnose and treat people with similar traits as the characters in these plays. Psychoanalysis, founded by Sigmund Freud, is a type of therapy which aims to make the unconscious mind conscious by releasing repressed emotions . In this type of therapy, they believe the patient’s condition can be determined by any repressed memories of childhood as well as any conflict between their conscious and subconscious which can result in these mental illnesses. We also now know of the Oedipus and Electra complex, both based on two great Greek plays (one of which this essay is about). The Oedipus complex concerns a son’s desire for his mother and his competition with his father for her attention whereas the Electra complex is the female version of this and involves a daughter’s competition with her mother for her father’s attention and love .
The narration consumes the voices of the sisters, painting them as “indistinct erotic objects rather than subjects” (Shostak). They are isolated, helpless to the perceptions of the society that waits to critique their every action. Most of the scenes are shot inside the Lisbon’s home or school. The dreams and imaginations of the boys are the only outlet from the steady scenes of the sister’s mundane lives. These scenes display what the boys want the girls to be: sexy, young, and playful; the exact opposite of the qualities their mother instills in them.
1. Freud would explain the personality difference between Mike and Marty Scanlon using the psychoanalytic theory, a mapping the unconscious mind. Where he argued that most behavior is motivated or a result of the unconscious. This is the part of the personality which contains urges, drives, beliefs, feelings, memories, knowledge and instincts totally unaware of by the individual. Another explanation from Freud in terms of personality differences is that Mike had a fixation in the development of one of the five psychosexual stages namely the phallic stage which is the period beginning around age three where the pleasure of a child is focused on genitals and they unconsciously harbor sexual interest in their mother, sees their father as their rival and even wishes to kill him.
He talks quite a bit about sex, but his virginity is the last existing innocence to him. Holden pays for a prostitute to have sex with, but he cannot go through with it. He is very hesitant about losing his innocence. Holden wants to be “the catcher in the rye” (191) and save all the innocence in the world. He believes that that is what he wants to do in the future as he tells his little sister, Phoebe.
Source 1, www.commonsensemedia.org, states that children who are exposed to multiple risk factors, like violent media, they are more likely to behave aggressively. This factor though, parents have control over. Yes, a child can have a gaming system, but the games that the child plays on it is all something decided by the parents. Either they care or they don’t. The parents have no right to complain if their child’s behavior is poor caused by the games they play on their gaming systems.
Many child soldiers volunteer for this line of work. So if they made their own decisions why should we treat them like they didn’t? The reason being that child soldiers are under the influence of drugs which leaves their undeveloped brains in a unresponsive trance. This trance leave them easy to brainwash which makes them want to stay. While it may also be true that these children kill everyday, it is not true that they can just kill their commander or run away.
In 1923, Sigmund Freud proposed his theory that the make-up of an individual’s personality is largely governed by three fundamental components: the id, the ego, and the superego. Working through the unconscious and shaping behavior according to psychological fixations and conflicts or lack thereof, these elements evolve through five levels of psychosexual development (Freud, 1962). However, in spite of its compelling approach to the phenomenon, Freud’s structural theory of personality is riddled with limitations and as such, is subject to much criticism. The mind is layered into three states: the conscious, referring to the thoughts currently in our forefront; the preconscious, idle thoughts that can be easily accessed and brought to the conscious; and the unconscious, which houses the more instinctual drives that are repressed because it threatens the conscious’ equilibrium (Cloninger, 1996). Freud argues that the unconscious molds the personality as it accommodates the id, the ego, and superego (Freud, 1962).
Sigmund Freud is Psychology’s most famous psychoanalysis. His work and theories have helped shape our views of personality, levels of consciousness and unconsciousness mind, the structure of personality and the development of personality. There are three aspects to Freud’s theory of personality structure and fives stages through the psychosexual development. The psyche The first aspect is the psyche which is structured into three, the id, ego and superego, all develops at different stages in our lives. The id is an important unconscious structure that contains basic instinctual drives when we are born.
The last theme that is highlighted is the loss of innocence, which ties together with the other themes in the book. Holden describes this fantasy he has to his little sister, of saving all children that are playing in the rye. “… If they’re running and they don’t look where they’re going, I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. That’s all I’d do all day. I know it’s crazy, but that’s the only thing I’d really like to be’” (Salinger 173).
Freud wrote a book called “Group Psychology & the Analysis of the Ego” where he argues and investigate group behavior is psychoanalysis. His book arises many questions about groups, such as how do groups influence people’s behaviors? Or how much is one willing to do to fit into one’s group? In Freud book “Group Psychology & the Analysis of the Ego”, he talks a lot about Group Psychology and conformity. Conformity refers
Briefly, attachment theory is one of the influential developmental concept that underlines the human behavior and interaction and in addition to psychopathology and psychotherapy (Mickelson et al., 1997). It has been argued that attachment theory can contribute our understanding of psychosis development and maintenance (Liotti &Gumley, 2009). Psychosocial models of psychosis took attachment theory as their reference to examine psychosis development (Read & Gumley, 2010). Evidence from Dozier (1990) and Dozier et al. (1991) underlined that psychosis patients significantly had high levels of insecure attachment when compared to non psychotic patients.