1. Introduction This assignment will discuss the importance of local governments as platform for enhancing participatory governance and the vehicle for grassroots socio-economic development. It will first discus the concept of local self-government, the role of government in driving LED, the challenges faced by local government in giving effective service delivery and strategies in dealing with the challenges. 2. Local Self-government.
This creates the challenge of developing policy politics that can encompass and respect the different cultures that fall under the overall umbrella of said politics “without destroying their identity and integrity” - ? Defend the communities’ standards can results in “pitting community interest against individual interest” Page 5: - Mutual aid societies are one way that a group of individuals becomes a community in an attempt to work together, “sharing burdens and bounty” to succeed in whatever community they are coexisting in. People that form this bond of mutual aid may share both financial and social burdens, such as pooling money or sharing the responsibility of child care. - The market model uses insurance to “create economic security for themselves” while the polis model relies on mutual aid to “hold individuals together as a community “ à reliance on relationships and trust/sharing/caring is arguably just “as strong a motivator of human behavior as autonomy, competition,and promotion of one’s separate self-interest” - ALTRUISM Page
Performance measurement systems are quantifiable tools used to evaluate the desired goals and objectives of a public organization and private business. Across the board, performance measurement information identifies the efficiency, effectiveness, and progress within groups of individuals based on goals, past events, and behaviors of that organization. Data compiled from these process provide insight and implementing a plan to improving the management, financial status and individual performances for intended groups and organizations. Author Robert Behn describes and breaks down the importance of performance measurement identifying critical components specific to public managers in his published article, Why Measure? Different Purposes Require
• How do you want the product/service to be perceived? • What are the target markets’ expectations of the product/service? • Is it being used for its intended purpose? • How is the product/service differentiated from competitor offerings? • How accessible is the product/service?
This type of budgeting is used mainly by local governments with the aim of using a more participatory approach in certain areas. According to Pidgeon (2010, p. 18), the potential advantages of this approach include: better decision-making; greater understanding of budgetary
“The Sociological Imagination”, written C. Wright Mills, illustrates the importance of individuals having an understanding of their relationship to society (2000). The perspective, created by the author, allows people to grasp the interconnection of their position in society to the institutions and history which have allowed for that position to exist. To understand one’s self through the sociological imagination method gives individuals the ability to see how their personal troubles are consequences of larger public issues; thus their personal troubles cannot solely be solved by their perseverance. Further, realizing that one’s position in life is determined largely by institutional and historical context will help them navigate the system
Decentralization enables to deliver public services more oriented to local communities' preferences, and thus, also enables to recognise and manage the advantages and the negative impacts of migratory movements at local level. It is therefore also an interesting question, how regional and local governments perceive and manage migration from the aspect of their regional / urban development
The purpose of the research is to find out whether the programme is impacting on the lives of its beneficiaries. Hence, the research question is: the impact of the Livelihood Empowerment Against Poverty Programme on the social development of beneficiaries in the Ahafo Ano South District. This research will contribute to the knowledge area of social protection, help government Non-governmental and civil society organisations in the area of social protection to fine tune areas of the programme that is not functioning properly and also sustain areas that are functioning. The study is to draw researchers’ attention to the field of social protection. The methodological approach for this research will be a qualitative research strategy which will help in answering the research question.
It was further in this context that greater emphasis was laid in the importance of decentralization in order to make people participation a part of governance. The World Charter on Local Self Government 1983 defined Local Self Government as the one which “denotes the rights and duties of local authorities to regulate and manage public affairs under their own responsibility and in interests of the local population. This right shall be exercised by individuals and representative bodies freely elected on periodical basis by equal universal suffrage and their chief executives shall be so elected or shall be appointed with the participation of the elected body.” Local governance in its wider sense referred as the conceptualization, planning, formulation and execution of the collective action taken at the local level. Thus, it covers the direct and indirect roles of formal institutions of local government and various government hierarchies on one hand and informal norms, networks, community centered organizations, and resident
Communities should also be given a voice and say regarding resources found in their areas. To improve the development in Nigeria, there should be an equal distribution (Figure 2.1. C) or delegation of authority for taking decisions concerning economic and resource matters. It is not practical to have all the power and authority concentrated within a particular location (Fig 2.1. A) or group.