Anti Oppressive Practice AOP I have chosen AOP as the second critical theory in this piece because I believe it is compatible and intersects well with the components of CRT. AOP is a principle and a theory that seeks radical change to how society is structured by advocating for anti-racial and anti-discriminatory on how power and wealth is determined and shared, a change for social justice just as CRT. (Robins 2011) describes AOP as a central on the misuse and usage of power on and by different system within community. He further explained that AOP should be seen as posture or viewpoint that needs to be incorporated with other methods and theory in social work. This, I believe is because not all methods are client centred or looks at things
A particular advantage of local government rests in its ability to ensure the provision of local needs that fit into local tastes and preferences. The rationale for the existence of local government is its solution to the problem of local public needs. The proximity of local governments to local citizens places it strategically than central government to offer the requisite services to its public as it works in close coordination with local NGOs and community-based institutions or volunteers. Local government creates institutional processes to make the political system comprehensive and complete in public decision making (Mawhood, 1993: 66, Wraith, 1964: 118). Again, whilst many public goods such as defense, are national in extent, other public goods such as local parks, street lighting and refuse collection, have a more limited geographical extent and very unique.
In terms of stakeholder salience to SAGF, they will prioritize board members, staff, volunteers, education providers, participants and members the most. Whereas other national governing bodies will be classified as the less important stakeholders. Now that we know who and what really counts, SAGF should be able to determine their governance strategies to achieve the expectations of their most important
The involvement of local stakeholders is essential to an effective plan. Lindell et al. divide stakeholders into “social groups, economic groups and governmental groups” (2007, pg. 21). Among social groups are the local households, private sector (religious, NGOs and NPOs).
Functionalist (Regulation-Objective): Societies are the coming together of populations with shared civic values who establish social order which on the whole benefits everybody. Individuals and some identifiable groups may fall into misfortune or maladaptive patterns. The goal of intervention is to help them adapt to existing structures, perhaps making minor institutional adjustments where warranted. Functionalism interprets each part of society in terms of how it contributes to the stability of the whole society. Society is more than the sum of its parts; rather, each part of society is functional for the stability of the
The second characteristic of program evaluation according to authors is its orientation towards measuring program effectiveness. As social programs are meant to benefit a population, evaluations must be able to focus on the appropriate aspects. Rossi et al. (2004) enumerated such aspects as the following: (1) the need for the program, (2) the program's design, (3) its implementation and service delivery, (4) its impacts, or outcome, and (5) its efficiency. Third, program evaluation must be able to consider political and environmental context.
“The Sociological Imagination”, written C. Wright Mills, illustrates the importance of individuals having an understanding of their relationship to society (2000). The perspective, created by the author, allows people to grasp the interconnection of their position in society to the institutions and history which have allowed for that position to exist. To understand one’s self through the sociological imagination method gives individuals the ability to see how their personal troubles are consequences of larger public issues; thus their personal troubles cannot solely be solved by their perseverance. Further, realizing that one’s position in life is determined largely by institutional and historical context will help them navigate the system
One of the concepts used in social marketing to influence voluntary behaviour is the notion of exchange theory. This concept influences behaviour by offering or re-enforcing incentivises or consequences in an environment that invites voluntary exchange to optimise value by doing what gives the people greatest benefit for the least cost. The theory encourages social marketers to offer health services that the health seekers truly value; recognises that consumers will change behaviour in exchange for benefits associated with change Lefebvre (2013). According to ECDP (2014) the concept of exchange is bases on value creation when people perceive that the change is in their interest. The change may be in either choice or subconscious processes, for example people will value actions that make them feel better, safer or respected.
Decentralization enables to deliver public services more oriented to local communities' preferences, and thus, also enables to recognise and manage the advantages and the negative impacts of migratory movements at local level. It is therefore also an interesting question, how regional and local governments perceive and manage migration from the aspect of their regional / urban development
In reference to S2 of the BASW Code of Ethic that stresses the importance that social work should be based upon the value of respect and dignity whilst promoting human dignity and well-being, respecting the right to self-determination, for eg. People should be supported to make their own choices (BASW 2012). All these values are then promoted in the care acts definition of “wellbeing”. However, when looking into how the act aims to promote wellbeing there are a few statements that could be said to conflict with these values. Namely section 1.14c that states “the importance of preventing or delaying the development of needs for care and support and the importance of reducing needs that already exist” (Department of Health 2014).
The first argument of which is that “regionalism should be conceptualized as a psychological attachment to the people, institutions, and characteristics of a given geographic area.” (829, cochrane) What this means is that regionalism occurs because people form individual affiliations to the multiple regions that they consider themselves to belong to. As quoted in the article, “people are attached to the places they inhabit; this identification defines a politically relevant group; and, all else being equal, they care more about fellow locals than those who live further away” (Cochrane), therefore the decisions they make are based on what they consider to be best for the region in which they belong.The second argument brought out in the article is that there are varying causes of regional differences and thus regional differences do not stem from a single origin. Lastly, the article points out that competing explanations for regional differences in Canada are routinely tested against different evidence arising from different definitions of region as a result of the advances in data collection that allow for the consideration of the characteristics of each of the multitude of regions that people belong to in the explanations of public opinion and individual behaviour, in simpler terms, the article suggests that due to increased computational resources researchers are able to analyze different opinions and behaviour in all the different regions, ranging from provincial boundaries to language
Linking you with other support organizations in the community that can provide things like financial aid or group support. (Red Kite) Currently, social work is known for its critical and holistic approach to understanding and intervening in social problems. This has led, for example, to the recognition of poverty as having a social and economic basis rooted in social policies rather than representing a personal moral defect. This trend also points to another historical development in the evolution of social work: once a profession engages in social control, it is directed at social and personal empowerment (Peter Higginbotham 2) Social work set up multiple programs designed to help people in any type of situations from kids to adults. In a point in life everybody is going to need some type of help from social work programs.