During the early 1960s, the U.S. military presence in Vietnam escalated as corruption, religious differences, communism, and escalating successes by the Viet-Cong guerrillas threatened the weak government of South Vietnam. On January 12, 1962, the U.S. Air Force launched Operation Ranch Hand, a “modern technological area-denial technique” that used herbicidal warfare. The Rainbow Herbicides were used to destroy the forest cover and food crops, but the one used in bulk was Agent Orange, the most potent of them all. Agent Orange did not just get rid of foliage and crops, it was toxic to humans even in minute doses. Exposure to Agent Orange still haunts the veterans of the Vietnam War, the Vietnamese environment, and the children born after
It was Alfred Crosby who introduced the term ‘ecological imperialism’ to designate this form of environmental destruction caused under the supervision of Western imperialism. According to him, European imperialism is integrally associated with invading the indigenous region with ‘portmanteau biota’ (his collective term for the organisms brought by the colonizers) and/or exploiting the natural resources for their own benefit. In fact, there is a direct correlation between Western imperialism and environmental degradation in the colonized countries. The European colonizers created ‘Neo-Europes’ in regions which are climatically similar to the European countries, they were apparently less successful in the Middle East, China and Indian subcontinent. But this apparent failure is more than compensated by the unrelenting destruction of natural resources, flora and fauna, for their mercenary gains.
The Vietcong physically hindered American soldiers; Caputo writes, U.S soldiers were slowed down because they had to constantly scan their surrounds for booby traps (Caputo, Philip). Because of the Guerilla Warfare the Vietcong used, it was crucial for American soldiers to quickly navigate their surroundings, however, there thousands of booby traps in the jungle and it forced American platoons to slow down from searching. This also caused a major problem because it made the platoons sitting ducks. Even though Americans were hindered physically, their most dangerous obstacle was mental; Caputo describes one of his war moments, “listening to the shouts and watching the people running out of their burning homes, I did not feel anything at all” (Caputo, Philip). This quote represents the emotional strain of soldiers during the Vietnam War.
The Khmer Rouge then began their terrible reign and efforts to reconstruct Cambodia resulting in a mass genocide. The Vietnam War had a lasting negative impact on Cambodia and its people, with the United States lack of involvement in the civil war leading to the rise of the communist group the Khmer Rouge. Between 1965 and 1975 the Vietnam War began to expand into Cambodian territory. In 1965 Cambodia, under Prince Sihanouk, officially cut ties with the United States in effort to remain neutral in
However, the lack of material covered on the Vietnam War further proves that the war remains an event Americans attempt to forget. In America today, the Vietnam War continues to be looked at negatively, which provides further proof of why we must learn about American troops’ ethical lapses in war and how this affected world power and human rights. In the My Lai Massacre, platoon leader LT William Calley Jr. and his men of Charlie Company murdered a village and gang-raped the population. It was not until helicopter pilot; Chief Warrant Officer (CWO) Hugh Thompson landed his helicopter and stopped the killing of the innocent civilians by Calley and his men. This event is referred as, “the most shocking episode of the Vietnam War.” By adding the My Lai Massacre to the Naval Vignettes students will meet the required learning objective of identifying factors that shape change over time.
Often, forests are destroyed for land that is usually used for agricultural purposes such as farming and livestock production. However, the wood can be harvested for fuel and paper. Companies will often wipe out areas of the rainforest to mine for minerals and metals such as diamonds, oil, aluminum, gold, and copper. These materials, unfortunately, reside below the rainforest. Mining not only disrupts the ecosystem by getting rid of trees, but also by polluting water supplies when the poisonous chemicals they use to separate waste from the minerals.
Northern neglect killed reconstruction because the North was worried about the corrupt government. As president, Grant noticed frauds and scandals in government too (Doc. C). Since he was focusing on the scandals and frauds his focus on the Reconstruction split between the frauds and the Reconstruction. They also thought their government was corrupt because there were
They had nowhere to go and were completely trapped. This lead to them giving up and surrendering the war. This victory was extremely important for the Union. The battle of Lookout Mountain is nicknamed “the Battle Above the Clouds.” This is because, “The mountain stands 2,293 feet tall.” (newgeorgiaencyclopedia.org) The war was fought in fog and darkness. One soldier even said it was “undoubtedly the toughest battle field of the Civil War.” These conditions were not ideal for a war because they were shooting guns and they could barely see.
The historical context behind this photo is the attack from the North Vietnamese army to the South Vietnamese. The South Vietnamese were supported by the United States army.This strike was supposed to end the war between the North and South Vietnam. The technical constraints in this image is that to make a difference in the situation of both countries, something big had to happen so the napalm strike worked as a war ender but it also left children running for their lives burning which is an inhuman thing to do.The ethical issues that can be perceived is the use of a napalm to strike a little town affected people who weren’t involved in this war because this children do not have the capacity yet to participate in a war and still they got hurt from the attack.
Man has destroyed nature for the betterment of himself. He has created pesticides, cut down numerous forests, and polluted the air and waterways. All of these choices were to better man’s luxurious life. However, these choices have consequences. Nature is dying because it can’t adapt fast enough to what man is doing.
Nathaniel Bacon was a colonist of the Virginia Colony. Since Bacon lived in bad land on the frontier, he knew first hand how it was to be constantly attacked by the Indians. That is when Bacon decided to rebel against the Governor’s relationships with the Native Americans, as well as being frustrated by the lack of political rights. Bacon challenged the economic and political privileges of the governor’s circle. Governor Berkeley refused to protect frontier farmers, because he was too busy trading fur, so the effect of that was the farmers were constantly being raided by Native Americans.